Presentation on theme: "8 Reforming American Society Religion Sparks Reform"— Presentation transcript:
18 Reforming American Society 1 2 3 4 Religion Sparks Reform CHAPTER8Reforming American SocietyOverviewTime Lines1Religion Sparks ReformSECTION2Slavery and AbolitionSECTION3SECTIONWomen and Reform4The Changing WorkplaceSECTIONChapter AssessmentTransparencies
28 Reforming American Society Cultural Diversity Expanding Democracy CHAPTER8Reforming American SocietyHOME“What is a man born for but to be a Reformer, a Remaker of what man has made; a renouncer of lies; a restorer of truth and good ?”Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1841THEMES IN CHAPTER 8Cultural DiversityExpanding DemocracyWomen in AmericaScience and Technology
38 Reforming American Society What do you know? CHAPTER8Reforming American SocietyHOMEWhat do you know?• What do you already know about abolition and other reform movements of the 19th century?• Who were some of the leaders of these movements?• What reforms did they call for?
48 Time Line The United States 1822 Lowell textile mills open. CHAPTER8Time LineHOMEThe United States1822 Lowell textile mills open.1831 Nat Turner leads slave rebellion William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing The Liberator.1834 First strike occurs in Lowell textile mills National Trades’ Union is formed.1837 Grimké sisters lecture on the evils of slavery.1848 Dorothea Dix campaigns for public hospitals for the mentally ill Seneca Falls women’s rights convention is held.
58 Time Line The World 1821 Napoleon dies. CHAPTER8Time LineHOMEThe World1821 Napoleon dies.1825 Decembrist revolt in Russia occurs.1830 King George IV of Great Britain dies.1834 Britain abolishes slavery in its empire.1840 World’s Anti-Slavery Convention is held in London.1845 Great Potato Famine begins in Ireland.1848 Communist Manifesto is published.
6Religion Sparks Reform SECTION1Religion Sparks ReformHOMELearn Aboutthe Second Great Awakening and other spiritual reform movements.To Understandhow religion shaped the social and political reform movements of the period.
7Religion Sparks Reform SECTION1Religion Sparks ReformHOMEKey IdeaChanges in the political and economic arenas contribute to the Second Great Awakening, a renewal of religious sentiment that brings about a host of social reform movements.
8the Unitarian movement the African Methodist Episcopal Church SECTION1Religion Sparks ReformHOMESection1AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were some events and ideas that relate to the Second Great Awakening?the Unitarian movementrevivalsthe African Methodist Episcopal ChurchSecond Great Awakeningtranscendentalismschool and prison reformRalph Waldo Emerson
9Religion Sparks Reform SECTION1Religion Sparks ReformHOMESection1AssessmentConsider the philosophical and religious ideas expressed during the Second Great Awakening. What were the key values and beliefs that guided 19th-century reformers’ actions?SYNTHESIZINGconcepts of individualism and individual salvationattitudes toward social responsibilitythe viewpoints of Finney, Channing, and EmersonTHINK ABOUT
10Religion Sparks Reform SECTION1Religion Sparks ReformHOMESection1AssessmentHow might 19th-century reform movements have influenced reform movements today?RECOGNIZING EFFECTS19th-century reforms in schools, prisons, and asylumswho is responsible for reformthe social problems that are addressed todayTHINK ABOUT
112 Slavery and Abolition Learn About SECTION2Slavery and AbolitionHOMELearn Aboutthe abolition movement, the lives of African Americans, and debates over slavery.To Understandthe growing rift between the North and the South.
122 Slavery and Abolition Key Idea SECTION2Slavery and AbolitionHOMEKey IdeaSlavery becomes an explosive issue, as more Americans join reformers working for abolition.
132 Slavery and Abolition 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were some of the major antislavery and proslavery actions that occurred from 1820 to 1850?ANTISLAVERY ACTIONSPROSLAVERY ACTIONSpublication of The Liberator and Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the Worldformation of antislavery societiesNat Turner’s Rebellionthe defeat of the Virginia motion for abolitiontighter slave regulationsthe growth of vigilance committeesthe 1836 gag rule
142 Slavery and Abolition 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentWhat was a more effective strategy—violence or nonviolence—for achieving the abolitionists’ goal of eliminating slavery?FORMING OPINIONSGarrison’s and Walker’s remarksFrederick Douglass’s viewsabolitionists’ petitions to CongressSoutherners’ reactions to Nat Turner’s RebellionTHINK ABOUT
152 Slavery and Abolition 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentAnalyze the similarities and differences between the situations of free blacks in the North and slaves in the South.COMPARING AND CONTRASTINGthe experiences of African-American workers in the Norththe conditions of rural and urban slavesslave owners’ perceptions of the Northern “wage slave”THINK ABOUT
163 Women and Reform Learn About SECTION3Women and ReformHOMELearn Abouttraditional women’s roles and reform activities.To Understandthe early development of the women’s rights movement.
173 Women and Reform Key Idea SECTION3Women and ReformHOMEKey IdeaWomen reformers expand their efforts from reform movements—such as abolition and temperance—to work for women’s rights.
183 Women and Reform 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentWhat were historical events, ideas, and people that relate to women addressing gender inequity in the 19th century?SUMMARIZINGWomen address gender inequity.Cult of domesticityStanton, Mott, the Grimké sistersElizabeth Blackwell, Amelia Bloomer, Margaret FullerTroy Female SeminarySeneca Falls convention
193 Women and Reform 33 Section Assessment HOMESection33AssessmentThe Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments” asserted that “woman is man’s equal.” In what ways would that change the status women held at that time?ANALYZINGwomen’s social, economic, and legal status in the early and mid-1800smarried women’s domestic rolessingle women’s career opportunities and wagesTHINK ABOUT
203 Women and Reform 3 Section Assessment HOMESection3AssessmentOn a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 representing “most effective,” rank women’s effectiveness as reformers in the following areas: education, health, temperance, abolition, and women’s rights.EVALUATINGthe problems that each social reform was directed towardwhich reforms seem the most crucial, and whyTHINK ABOUT
21The Changing Workplace SECTION4The Changing WorkplaceHOMELearn Aboutchanges in manufacturing and factories.To Understandthe problems faced by the emerging industrial workforce.
22The Changing Workplace SECTION4The Changing WorkplaceHOMEKey IdeaA growing industrial workforce faces problems arising from changes in manufacturing and the creation of the factory system.
23The Changing Workplace SECTION4The Changing WorkplaceHOMESection4AssessmentHow did factory workers respond to worsening conditions?SUMMARIZINGWorsening conditions in factoriesWorkers responses:the 1834 and 1836 strikes at Lowellthe 1835 coal workers’ strike in Philadelphiathe formation of the National Trades’ Union in 1834the formation of the Ladies Industrial Association in 1845
24The Changing Workplace SECTION4The Changing WorkplaceHOMESection4AssessmentDid the positive effects of mechanizing the manufacturing process outweigh the negative effects?ANALYZING ISSUESchanges in job opportunities for artisans, women, and unskilled male laborerschanges in employer-employee relationshipsworking conditions in factoriesthe cost of manufactured goodsTHINK ABOUT
25The Changing Workplace SECTION4The Changing WorkplaceHOMESection4AssessmentIf you were working in a factory during the mid-1800s, would you be a striker or a strikebreaker?FORMING OPINIONShow your decision would be affected by whether you were a native-born American or an immigranthow your decision would be affected by whether you were an artisan or an unskilled laborerthe outcome of most strikes during the 1830s and 1840sTHINK ABOUT
268ChapterAssessmentHOME1. What new religious ideas set the stage for the reform movements of the mid-19th century?2. Briefly explain the concept of transcendentalism.3. How did Dorothea Dix contribute to reform during this period?4. Summarize the key abolitionist beliefs of William Lloyd Garrison, David Walker, and Frederick Douglass.5. Describe the conditions of urban and rural slavery.
278ChapterAssessmentHOME6. What steps did white Southerners take to suppress slave revolts?7. What was the cult of domesticity?8. What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls convention?9. Briefly describe the working conditions of the young women in the Lowell textile mills.10. Why was the formation of the National Trades’ Union important?