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The Women’s Movement Chapter 8 Section 4. Women Work for a Change  Women’s rights limited  Private influence  Lack of basic legal and economic rights.

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Presentation on theme: "The Women’s Movement Chapter 8 Section 4. Women Work for a Change  Women’s rights limited  Private influence  Lack of basic legal and economic rights."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Women’s Movement Chapter 8 Section 4

2 Women Work for a Change  Women’s rights limited  Private influence  Lack of basic legal and economic rights  Could not hold property, hold office, or vote, forbidden to speak in public  No formal education  Divorce: husband gained custody of children  Certain cultures women held a great deal of power (matrilineal)

3 Reform Efforts  Reform of American society driven by 2 nd Great Awakening  Catharine Beecher, Emma Willard, Elizabeth Blackwell, Ann Preston  public school movement  Dorothea Dix  treatment of prisoners, treatment of mentally ill  Angelina and Sarah Grimké  Abolitionists  Sojourner Truth  former slave from NY  Powerful speeches and arguments

4 Sojourner Truth

5 Women enter the Workplace  Industrialization  allow women to get out of home  Economic independence  Social independence  1830, women’s labor unions form

6 Political and Economic Status of Women in early 1800s  Women could not vote  Women could not hold public office  Women could not serve on juries  Few women received any level of higher education  Women could not work in most trades or professions  When they did work, women were paid less than men doing the same jobs, and their fathers or husbands often took what money they did earn  Married women lost legal control of any money or property they owned before marriage to their husbands  Married women could not testify against their husbands in court, sue for divorce, or gain custody of their children

7 Women Fight for Rights  Virtually no progress for women’s rights  Middle class women hire poor women to do housework  Think about the society in which children are raised  Women began to see their own social restrictions comparable to slavery  Lack of power held by slave = lack of power held by women  Women’s Movement  A movement working for greater rights and opportunities for women  Grimkés argue that God made men and women equal  Moral grounds to defend slaves and women

8 Disagreement  Full equality  small minority of women  Debate over whether women should be allowed to join men’s business meetings (abolition)  Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton  believed women should be allowed to join  Mott and Stanton  active reformers  Temperance and abolition  Mott  American Antislavery Society and Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society  Stanton  married to Henry Stanton (leading abolitionist)  both interest in women’s rights

9 Seneca Falls  Seneca Falls Convention  Mott and Stanton organize 1 st Women’s Rights Convention in NY  “Declaration of Sentiments”  Marked beginning of women’s movement  Amelia Bloomer  Leading voice for women’s rights  The Lily  Susan B. Anthony  Right to vote (suffrage)

10 Women Gain Rights  Married Women’s Property Act  Guaranteeing many property rights to women  Wage earners  Reformers  Property rights  Right to vote


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