3 Key Terms Industrial Revolution Second Industrial Revolution immigrants / nativistsmiddle classvoting rights expansionseparate spheres / cult of domesticityfactories / Lowell, Massachusettsdeskilling / artisan *Second Great Awakeningevangelical ProtestantismSociety of Friends (Quakers)Unitarians / UniversalistsChurch of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)Joseph Smith / Brigham YoungUtopian societies (know 3 examples)Beecher family (Lyman, Catherine, Harriet)temperance movementtranscendentalismRalph Waldo EmersonHenry David Thoreau / Civil DisobedienceAmerican Anti-Slavery SocietyWilliam Lloyd GarrisonWorld Anti-Slavery Convention, LondonSarah and Angelina GrimkeMaria Stewart (“Am I not a woman?”)Frederick Douglass1848 Seneca Falls Convention, New YorkDeclaration of SentimentsElizabeth Cady Stanton / Lucretia MottAbby KellyMargaret Fuller / Woman in the Nineteenth Century *
4 Questions to ConsiderWhat impact did the Second Great Awakening have on attitudes toward slavery? How did this religious awakening lead to a great call for abolishing slavery?What role did women play in the social reform movements of the Second Industrial Revolution? How did their participation in activism open up a dialogue about gender and race in the North? To what extent were the fates of white women and African-Americans connected?
5 If You’re Curious . . .Grimke Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Abolition and Women’s Rights by Gerda LernerLetters of Theodore Dwight Weld, Angelina Grimke Weld, and Sarah Grimke edited by Gilbert H. Barnes and Dwight L. Dumond