2 A Spiritual Awakening Inspires Reform The Second Great Awakening-Widespread Christian movement to awaken religious sentiments.Revival meeting- Revive faith through impassioned preaching.
3 Unitarians and Transcendentalists Unitarians- emphasized reason as a path to perfection.Transcendentalism- emphasized that truth could be discovered intuitively by observing nature and relating it to one’s own emotional and spiritual experience. Ralph Waldo Emerson
4 The African American Church Slaves in the south interpreted stories as a promise of freedomNorthern African Americans were able to form their own churches. These churches often became political, cultural, and social centers for African Americans.
5 Slavery and AbolitionAbolition- movement to free African Americans from slaveryWilliam Lloyd Garrison- Editor of the LiberatorFrederick Douglass- Outspoken critic of slavery. Owned newspaper, The North Star
6 Writing an Article Address an injustice in the world today Advocates a course of actionBe Written in a professional toneTwo Paragraphs
7 Turner’s RebellionNat Turner attacked four plantations and killed whites.Slave owners oppose abolition- some wanted emancipation for slaves. Most chose to tighten restrictions on all African American to prevent them from plotting insurrections.
8 Women and ReformWomen mobilize for Reform- Women abolitionist raised money distributed literature, and collected signatures for anti slavery petitions to Congress.
9 Education for WomenWork for abolition and temperance accompanied gains in education.Gain in education improved women’s health reform.Women rights movements emerges- Male abolitionist discriminated against female abolitionist. Elizabeth Cady Stanton held the Women’s Rights convention.
10 Women and ReformSeneca Falls convention- called for a resolution for a women’s right to voteSojourner Truth- outspoken abolitionist refuted the arguments that because she was a women she was weak, and because she was black, she was not feminine.