2 Weight Babies generally triple their birth weight in the first year Slight weight loss after birth then a steady gain.1st 6 mths lbs/mth.next 6 mths 1 lb/mthAverage 1 year old weighs between 20-22lbs
3 Length / Height - average newborn - 51 cm - steady growth in the first year a result of rapid bone growth- average 1 year old – 76 cm- heredity has more influence on height than weight
4 Proportion The size relationship between different body parts. Compared to the rest of the body, a baby’s head and abdomen are large and the legs and arms are short and small.
5 A babies head grow rapidly during the first year to accommodate the swiftly developing brain More than half of the total growth of the head occurs during this timeFontanels allow the head to grow, they later close up permanently
7 Vision Blurry at birth 1 month – can focus 6 months – eyesight reaches clarity and sharpness of an adult
8 Depth Perception The ability to recognize 3 dimensional objects 2nd monthAllows children to trackmovement and reach forobjects by judging distance
9 Hearing Develops before birth. At birth can recognize the direction sound comes fromSoothing voice will calm themStartled by loud or angry voices7 mths – can identify voicesLanguage development relies on hearing
10 Smell and Taste Newborns respond to odors At 10 days baby can notice smell of momAt 2 weeks baby can taste differencesAt an early age babies show a preference for sweet
11 VoiceNewborn’s cry is shrill, but becomes softer as their lungs mature.Change results from the physical growth of the throat muscles, tongue, lips, teeth and vocal cordsBabies prepare for speech by making word related sounds
12 Teeth Development of baby teeth begin 6th week of pregnancy. “Primary teeth” or baby teeth appear at 6-7 months.Teething is normal but painful.Some babies refuse food and drool a lot.Lasts up to two years.20 primary teeth.Tooth CareInfant’s mouth should be cleaned with a damp piece of gauze after each feeding.
13 Motor SkillsThe abilities that depend on the use and control of muscles.Two basic types of motor skillsGross motor skillsLarge muscles – legs, shouldersLarge movements – jumping and runningFine motor skillsSmaller muscles – fingersSmall precise movements – using scissors
14 At birth, babies have little or no control over their muscles Most movements are reflexes
15 ReflexesNewborns are born with reflexes to help them survive their first several weeksSucking reflex – stimulated when something is put in their mouthRooting reflex – stroking the babies cheekOthersShutting eyes under bright lightsGrabbing fingersStepping motion when feet touch the floorMost go away when babies learn to control their muscles
16 Hand Eye Co-ordination The ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen.Very poor in newborns but develops as vision and motor skills improveAt 3 or 4 months, babies can reach, grab and put things in their mouth.