2Body growth and development do not grow as quickly as the first yeargrow at different rates(height and weight)-heredity-environment
3Years 1 to 3 Babies triple their birth weight during the first year Toddlers gain only ¼ of that amountMost girls reach 53% of their adult height by age 2Most boys reach 50% of their adult height by age 2
4THEREFORE…It is usually true that a tall two-year-old will be a tall adult.Ben is 24 months old.He is currently 34 ½ in.tall.How tall will he be?
5Average height and weight from one to three years Age in months1218243036Height Weight30 in lbs32 in lbs34 in lbs36 in lbs38 in lbs
6Motor DevelopmentToddlers improve on motor skills developed as an infantAlso learn many new skillsPractice, practice, practice!!
7Large Motor Development development of the trunk and arm and leg musclesalso called gross motor development-climbing-walking-jumping-running-throwing
8Walking Most begin within two to three months after first birthday How old were you when you learned to walk?Learn to walk at different agesBeginningstand with feet wide apartturn feet outward and flex kneestiptoesarms out
9Walking cont’dAt two yearsmay look like a run170 steps per minutehalf the length of adult stridewalk onto objectslots of falling
10Running True running begins around 2 years Not skilled Cannot start or stop quickly
11Jumping Not much before 2 years At 2 years- jump off low objects with both feetMove arms backwards
12Climbing Toddlers climb onto furniture and other objects Walk up and down stairs with helpPut both feet on each stairClimbing relates to accessibility and courage
13Throwing and Catching Throwing begins on accident Like seeing what happens and then throw on purposeSitting before standingNot skilled throwers until 3 yearsCatch by squatting and picking upArms extended and elbows stiff
14Small Muscle Development Development of small muscles- hands and fingersFine motor skillsEye-hand coordinationHold utensils, drink from cup, feed themselves- after 1 year
1518 months- 2 years string large beads turn book pages one at a time open doors using knobshit pegs with hammerhold crayons and pencilsBy 2 years- most show hand preference
16Providing for the Toddler’s Physical Needs FeedingClothingRest and SleepHygieneToilet Learning
17ClothingConsider self-dressing features to help them get dressed by themselvesConsider safety, comfortable fabric and construction, growth features, durability, attractive style, and easy care
18Rest and Sleep Toddlers sleep less than babies May resist sleep Many techniques help in sleep management
19Hygiene (or Baths!) Usually fun for toddlers. May use a seat or a tub Never ever leave a toddler in a bathtub alone
20Toileting Timing varies from toddler to toddler Many toddlers do not complete the learning process quickly.
21Physical Factors Ability to feel a full bowel and bladder Ability to know what the sensation of needing to go means in time to get to the pottyAbility to control muscles used for holding in or letting goAbility to walkAbility to remove or push down clothes