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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS Illustrate appropriate growth in the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of toddlers.

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Presentation on theme: "PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS Illustrate appropriate growth in the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of toddlers."— Presentation transcript:

1 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS Illustrate appropriate growth in the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of toddlers.

2 PHYSICAL CHANGES  Height  Weight  Body proportion  Posture  Teeth

3 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT  Physical growth slows somewhat during the toddler years.  Building physical skills  Need space and room to move  Need time each day to be active  Provide safe opportunities to explore, ask questions, use their imagination, and practice their growing motor skills

4 HEIGHT AND WEIGHT  Children ages 1-3 gain less than half the average monthly weight they did during the first year of life.  Growth in height slows by about half AgeBoysGirls Height Weight One Year29-30 ½ ½28 ½ -29 ¾ 19 ½-22 ½ Two Years33 ½ ¾ -34 ¾ 24 ½ -28 ½ Three Years36 ¾ 29 ¼ ¼ -38 ½ 28 ¼ -33 ¼

5 HEIGHT AND WEIGHT  Heredity and environment influence the rate at which children grow in weight and height.  After their first birthdays, children begin to show greater variation, or difference, in size.  A tall two-year-old often grows into a tall adult.

6 PROPORTION AND POSTURE  Because of changes in physical proportion, or size, a child’s posture generally improves between the ages of 1 and 3.  Until age 2, the circumference, or measurement around, of the head, chest, and abdomen are about the same.  Between ages 2 and 3, the chest becomes larger around than the head and abdomen.  Arms, legs, and torso also get longer during the toddler years.  Toddlers’ posture is straighter, but still does not stand completely erect…still have a protruding abdomen, head is bent slightly forward, knees and elbows bent slightly.

7 TEETH  Children’s teeth emerge at different rates, but there are averages. 1 year old typically has 8 teeth, during the 2 nd year 8 more teeth usually come in. By end of their third year, they typically have all 20 primary teeth.  Diet, heredity, and dental care all influence the health of a child’s teeth.  Teeth are formed before birth, so a mother’s diet during pregnancy may affect the quality of her baby’s teeth.  Children should drink water that contains fluoride.  Most doctors recommend taking your child to the dentist by 18 months.

8 PATTERNS OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT  Head to foot  Near to far  Simple to complex

9 SENSORY INTEGRATION  As children grow, their senses develop, giving them greater awareness of their environment.  Sensory integration-process by which the brain combines information taken in through the senses to make a whole….this is how a child knows to open the mouth wide to eat a bit of apple.  Some children are unable to process all the information their senses take in. This is called sensory dysfunction.

10 DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES  Child development experts have studied the range of ages at which children acquire certain important skills and have determined average ages.  However, this does not mean that all children will develop at exactly the same rate.  Development milestones are used to help caregivers plan developmentally appropriate activities.  Developmentally appropriate describes toys, activities, and tasks that are suitable for a child at a specific age.

11 MOTOR SKILLS  Gross motor skills-a skill that involves the large muscles of the body such as the legs and shoulders.  Fine motor skills-a skill that involves the smaller muscles of the body such as the hands and fingers.  Gross and fine motor skills improve dramatically during toddler years.  Physical exercise promotes development of gross motor skills.  Walking is a significant gross motor milestone, as well as climbing stairs.  Major fine motor skill milestone reached at about one year is the ability to pick up objects between the thumb and forefinger…pincer grasp.  Age 2-displaying greater dexterity-skillful use of hands and fingers by turning pages in a book, using crayons, etc.  Age 3-have more success at fine motor skill activities such as taking things apart and putting them back together. Can now draw circles, line, and crosses.

12 HAND-EYE COORDINATION  Hand-eye coordination-ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen.  Hand-eye coordination continues to improve during toddler years.  Mastering the pincer grasp is a milestone that is reached during the toddler years that allows for great ability in using objects, building structures, sorting beads, and coloring.


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