2Adverbs are words that modify: a verb(He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)an adjective(He drove a very fast car. — How fastwas his car?)another adverb(She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)
3Types of Simple Adverbs: MannerPlaceTimeDegreeAffirmationNegation
4(answer the question“how”) 1. Adverbs of Manner(answer the question“how”)(often end in “ly”) She moved slowly and spoke quietly Adverbs of Place(answer the question “where”)These often look like prepositions without anobject. Look below to see the flowers. She still lives there now
5(answer the question“when” or “how often”) 3. Adverbs of Time(answer the question“when” or “how often”) It's starting to get dark now. She finished her tea first. She left early.She often goes by herself.4. Adverbs of Degree(answer questions “how much” or “how little of” )These often are the adverbs that modify othermodifiers (adj. or adv.)She sleeps very quietly.We swim quite often.
65. Adverbs of Negation(make a verb negative) no, never, not, n’tWe never go to the theme parks.We did not study for the test.6. Adverbs of Affirmation(make a verb more strongly positive. )Yes, we love that game.You certainly did well on that test.Sarah obviously knew the answer to thequestion.You did well indeed.
7Some Tricky Adverbs FARTHER denotes physical advancement in distance. (We walked farther into the dessert.)FURTHER denotes advancement to greater degree(I will look further into my research)BAD = Adjective (often an adjective subject compliment)Susan felt bad after the argument.That is a bad apple.BADLY = AdverbI performed badly in the play.GOOD = adjective That is a good movie.WELL = adverb Susan acted well in the movie.
8Stay away from using double negatives: INCORRECT: Susan is not never in the class.CORRECT: Susan is not ever in the class.INCORRECT: We didn’t ask no one to the dance.CORRECT: We didn’t ask anyone to the dance.INCORRECT: The class did not get nothing in its mailbox.CORRECT: The class did not get anything in its mailbox.
9Adverbs vs. Adjectives: Adjectives are used to modify nouns:The dog is loud.Adverbs are used to modify verbs,adjectives or other adverbs:The dog barks loudly.Adjective -> careful / Adverb -> carefullyAdjective -> quick / Adverb -> quickly
10The Degree of Adverbs:With LY adverbs we usually form the comparative and superlative forms withmore and most or less or least.Never drop “ly” from an adverb when changing its degree. (Quietly does NOT become quieter.)AdverbComparative AdverbSuperlative Adverbquietlymore quietlymost quietlycarefullyless carefullyleast carefullyhappilymore happilymost happily
11The Degree of Adverbs:For some other adverbs, we add “-er” to form the comparative and “-est” to form the superlative.AdverbComparative AdverbSuperlative Adverbhardharderhardestfastfasterfastestearlyearlierearliest
12The Degree of Adverbs:Some adverbs are irregular adverbs, and they change in form.AdverbComparative AdverbSuperlative Adverbwellbetterbestbadlyworseworstfarfarther/furtherfarthest/furthest