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Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers

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Presentation on theme: "Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers"— Presentation transcript:

1 Articles, Determiners, and Quantifiers

2 WHAT ARE THEY EXACTLY Articles, determiners, and quantifiers are those little words that precede and modify nouns. the teacher, a college, a bit of honey, that person, those people, whatever purpose, either way, your choice

Sometimes these words will tell the reader or listener whether we're referring to a specific or general thing the garage out back A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse!

4 sometimes they tell how much or how many
lots of trees, several books, a great deal of confusion

5 DETERMINERS… Determiners are said to "mark" nouns.
A determiner will be followed by a noun. Some categories of determiners are limited

6 Determiners Determiners are used in front of nouns to indicate whether you are referring to something specific or something of a particular type. a car This Apples a fast car

7 DETERMINERS Determiners are different to pronouns in that a determiner is always followed by a noun. Therefore personal pronouns ( I , you , he , etc.) and possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, etc.) cannot be determiners.

8 DETERMINERS The definite and indefinite articles a/an/the are all determiners. You use a specific determiner when people know exactly which thing(s) or person/people you are talking about.

the definite article : the demonstratives : this, that, these, those possessives : my, your, his, her, its, our, their For example: "The dog barked at the boy.“ "These apples are rotten.“ "Their bus was late."

10 GENERAL DETERMINERS the indefinite articles : a, an a few a little all another any both each either enough every few fewer less little many more most much neither no other several some

11 For example: "A man sat under an umbrella.“
"Have you got any English books that I could have?“ "There is enough food to feed everyone."

12 Second part: ADVERBS

13 ADVERBS Adverbs are words that modify
a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?) an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?) another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)

14 ADVERBS adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. Adverbs frequently end in –ly however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function. and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb.

15 ADVERBS The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives: That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.

16 ADVERBS Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb.We would say that: "the students showed a really wonderful attitude“ "the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude“ "my professor is really tall. but not : "He ran real fast."

17 ADVERBS Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree. Walk faster if you want to keep up with me. The student who reads fastest will finish first.

18 ADVERBS We often use more and most, less and least to show degree with adverbs: With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients. The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.

19 Examples She worked less confidently after her accident. That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

20 Kinds of Adverbs Adverbs of Manner    She moved slowly and spoke quietly. Adverbs of Place    She has lived on the island all her life.    She still lives there now.

21 Kinds of Adverbs Adverbs of Frequency    She takes the boat to the mainland every day.    She often goes by herself. Adverbs of Time    She tries to get back before dark.    It's starting to get dark now.    She finished her tea first.    She left early.

22 Kinds of Adverbs Adverbs of Purpose    She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks.    She shops in several stores to get the best buys.


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