YOU WILL LEARN ABOUT o THE DEFINITION OF ADVERBS o TYPES OF ADVERBS o COMPARISON OF ADVERBS o ORDER OF ADVERBS
THE DEFINITION Adverbs are words that modify: a verb ( He drives slowly ) an adjective ( David is extremely clever) another adverb ( She moved very slowly down the aisle ) a whole sentence ( Luckily, the car stopped in time ) Adverbs often tell when, where, why, how or how much something happens or happened.
Other adverbsAnswer the question ExampleType Slowly, clearly, easily How ?!She sings beautifully Adverb of manner Away, here, up, there Where ?The concert was held outdoors Adverb of place Later, now, soonWhen ?I’ll see you tomorrow Adverb of time Always, usually, forever How often?!I never arrive lateAdverb of frequency Extremely, so, very, almost How?It was too hot!Adverb of degree
Many adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective specificeasyquietbeautifulslow Adjective specificallyeasilyquietlybeautifullyslowly Adverb Note : There are some adjectives also end in –ly, including costly, manly, deadly, friendly, lively, and timely. These are not adverbs
Forming comparative and superlative adverbs Ly adverbs: Superlative adverbComparative adverbAdverbAdjective the most quietlyLess/more quietly thanquietlyquiet the least carefullyMore/less carefully than carefullycareful the most happilyMore/less happily thanhappilyhappy I speak English more fluently now than last year. Jack works the most quietly He drives less carefully than his brother.
Superlative adverbComparative adverb AdverbAdjective the hardestharder thanhard the fastestfaster thanfast The lastestLater thanlate the earliestearlier thanearly Other adverbs : He worked harder than ever before. He is the fastest runner on the competition. He came earlier than always.
Con you tell me where is the adjective and where is the adverb?! I’ll catch the early train. I woke up early this morning. This is the adj. because it comes before the n. This is the adv. because it comes after the v.
Superlative adverb Comparative adverb AdverbAdjective the bestbetter thanwellgood the worstworse thanbadlybad the farthestfarther thanfar Irregular adverbs : Her house is farther than mine. Our team played worst of all. Her hand writing is better than her friend.
Position of adverbs : Adverb of manner : it comes after the verb or at the end of the sentence. She sneaks quietly out of the house. Their teacher speaks quietly. Adverb of time : - It usually come at the end of the sentence. I will tell you the story tomorrow. -But if you want to emphasis on the time you should put it at the beginning of the sentence. Tomorrow, I will tell you the story. Adverb of place : -It comes after the direct object. I didn’t see him here. -If there is no object it comes after the main verb He stayed behind.
Adverb of degree : - It comes before what it modifies. The exam was so difficult that I didn´t finish it. It was too hot to wear a coat. Adverb of frequency : - It comes before the main verb. I always get up at 6:00. - Or between the auxiliary and the main verb. He doesn’t always play tennis. Mandy can usually play football on Sundays. - Or after the verb to be. Susan is never late. -The adverbs often, usually, sometimes and occasionally can go at the beginning of the sentence. Sometimes, I go swimming. -The adverbs rarely and seldom can go at the end of a sentence. He eats fish very seldom.
Order of adverbs: There is a basic order in which adverbs will appear when there is more than one timefrequencyplacemannerverb to get a newspaper before supper every afternoon into townimpatientlyDad walks
Exercise: 1- Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb: Joanne is happy. She smiles…………….. The boy is loud. He shouts……………. Her English is fluent. She speaks English…………….. Our mum was angry. She spoke to us………….. My neighbor is a careless driver. He drives……………. The painter is awful. He paints …………. Jim is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano…………….. This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house…………… She is a good dancer. She dances really…………. This exercise is simple. You……….. have to put one word in each space.
1) Our friends must write a test. (also) 2) I was joking. (only) 3) Did you enjoy the flight? (both) 4) Mary watches TV. (hardly) (ever) 5) He drives his car. (carefully) 6) The children play football. (in the garden) 7) We went to the cinema. (yesterday) 8) John fell off the bike. (almost) 9) Her boyfriend will buy her some flowers. (probably) 10) My uncle is moving to Stockholm soon. (definitely) 2- Rewrite each sentence with the adverb in brackets in its correct position:
REFERENCES: Interactions2 Grammar book www.grammar.ccc.comment.edu www.learnenglish.ed www.englisch-hilfen.de