3 Two Types of ElephantsThe Indian Elephant lives in India. With its small ears and smooth trunk, it looks a little different than an African Elephant. It usually weighs about 11,000 pounds. It is generally 9 feet tall. The elephant is a hardworking, strong animal. It is able to walk about 4 miles an hour. It is a quick learner and is able to communicate effectively with other elephants.The African Elephant is a hardworking and very strong animal with large ears and a rough trunk. This elephant walks about 4 miles an hour and average 15,400 pounds. It is usually 11 feet tall. This elephant communicates effectively with other elephants and learns quickly.
4 Now, using the Venn Diagram, list the things the two elephants have in common and the things that are different about the twoanimals.
5 Comparing School Lunches between Countries Review the National Geographic handout on school lunches.Interview another student (from a different country) about school lunches in his country.Complete the chart.Decide on two countries to discuss in a paragraph. What are the points of comparison or contrast?Write a draft paragraph.
6 Comparative Adjectives Function: To compare two nouns Short (one-syllable) adjectivesUse - er thanUse not as + adjective + asSpelling Rule:ending with consonant + ychange y to i & add –erExceptions:Tired – more tired thanBored – more bored thanFun – more fun thanExamples: You are shorter than I am.He is more tired than his brother.They are not as nice as their cousins.They are less fun than their cousins.
7 Comparative Adjectives Function: To compare two nouns Two or more syllable adjectivesUse more thanUse less thanExceptions:Two-syllable words that end in -y, -le, and –er use –erpretty, prettier, prettiest happy, happier, happiestquiet, quieter, quietest noble, nobler, noblest clever, cleverer, cleverestSome of these adjectives can be formed in two ways (with more/less or –er)Examples: This class is more interesting than my other classes.The library is quieter than the cafeteria.This exam is less challenging than the Speech exam.
8 Comparative Adjectives Function: To compare two nouns IrregularsGood – better thanBad – worse thanFar – farther than or further thanFarther refers to length or distanceFurther refers to time or amount.Other notesUse much to make the comparison strongerUse Which to form questions about comparisonsExamples:This chapter is much simpler than the previous one.Which television show is less interesting?Which is more fun?
9 Good, bad, far: use the comparative adjective form. Comparative AdverbsFunction: To compare the performance of verb (action or non-action)Adverbs with -ly endings:use more or less than.Some irregular adverbs such as fast, early or hard: use –er than.Good, bad, far: use the comparative adjective form.
10 Showing Equality with Adjectives and Adverbs Function: To show equality between two nouns or performance of verbsAdjective – as adjective asShe is as nice as her brother.Adverb - as adverb asHe reads as quickly as I do.
11 Superlative Adjectives Function: to compare three or more nouns1 syllablethe adjective –estnot the adjective -est2 or more syllables*the most adjectivethe least adjectiveOut of all of her family, she is the kindest.After the race, he was the most tired.This debate is not the most interesting I have seen during this election season.* Same rule regarding two options for certain two syllable adjectives applies
12 Superlative Adjectives Function: to compare three or more performances of a verbthe most adverbthe least adverbIf the adverb is irregular, use the adjective form (hardest, earliest, etc.).Of all my brothers, Stephen drives the least carefully.The tutor works the hardest with the foster children.She worked the most quickly of all of the students.* Same rule regarding two options for certain two syllable adjectives applies
13 Superlative AdverbsFunction: to compare three or more performances of a verbthe most adverbthe least adverbIf the adverb is irregular, use the adjective form (hardest, earliest, etc.).Of all my brothers, Stephen drives the least carefully.The tutor works the hardest with the foster children.She worked the most quickly of all of the students.* Same rule regarding two options for certain two syllable adjectives applies
14 Edit this paragraph for errors in the use of comparatives and superlatives. The decision to live on or off campus is a very important one. It may affect your whole college career. Both situations have advantages and disadvantages and which one you choose depends a lot on what is important to you. For example, on-campus housing is generally much convenienter than off-campus housing. It’s more easier to get to class, especially early in the morning. Students who live on campus are also more closer to the facilities such as the library and the gym. On the other hand, in a dorm, you usually have to share a room, while off-campus housing can be much more privater and least noisy. Cafeteria food is another disadvantage of on-campus housing. Students on special diets will often find it difficult to live in a dormitory than to live in a rooming house or apartment, where they can cook for themselves.
15 Complete the sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives/adverbs provided. Example: The Mississippi is the longest river in the United States. long1. The Johnsons have ________________ house on the block.big 2. London is one of _____________________ cities in the world.expensive3. For me, Mondays are _________________ day of the week;badFridays are ________________.good4. Costa Rica has some of ______________________ rainforests in the world.amazing
16 Complete the sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives/adverbs provided. 5. Mt McKinley is ___________________ mountain in the United States.high6. My house is _____________________ from my mother’s new house.far7. Elliot is ___________________ person in his family.young8. She runs _________________ of all the players on her team.fast9. The prima ballerina dances __________________ of all of her dance troupe.beautifullyThis test is _______________________ test I have ever taken.easy