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Chapter 2 Week 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2 Week 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2 Week 2

2 Homework for the Week Monday 9/9 Tuesday 9/10 Block Day 9/11 & 9/12
Ch 2, 69-75 Tuesday 9/10 Ch 2, 75-80 Finish Test corrections at lunch and 7th Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Ch 2, 81 *Optional: Work on chapter review questions Study for the test Test corrections at lunch and 7th *Wednesday Friday 9/13 Dream Journal Chpt

3 Monday 9/9/13 Go over Last Test Review HW Limbic System
Work on Build a Brain Monday 9/9 Ch 2, 69-75 Tuesday 9/10 Ch 2, 75-80 Finish Test corrections at lunch and 7th Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Ch 2, 81 *Optional: Work on chapter review questions Study for the test Test corrections at lunch *Wednesday Friday 9/13 Dream Journal Chpt

4 Test Review In your groups, compare results to determine why you missed the questions that you missed. Look for patterns in your performance. Do you: study specifics too much? too little? are there areas of the content that you did not review enough or that you find more challenging to master? do you have a difficult time with negative construction stems? do you talk yourself out of the best answer?

5 Review HW, pgs 64-68 Explain the following vocab terms: Brainstem
Thalamus Cerebellum

6 The Limbic System Identify the functions of the limbic system in the following video: Reward Center Start at: 2:00 An Addiction to Food?

7 Tuesday 9/10/13 How important is the Brain? Review HW
Work on Build a Brain- due tomorrow!!! Monday 9/9 Ch 2, 69-75 Tuesday 9/10 Ch 2, 75-80 Finish Test corrections at lunch and 7th Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Ch 2, 81 *Optional: Work on chapter review questions Study for the test Test corrections at lunch *Wednesday Friday 9/13 Dream Journal Chpt

8 How important is the brain?
Mike the headless chicken Was this just reflex or was this an aberration? Brain stem must have still been there to keep him alive. Trachea could help him breathe? How did he move?

9 Review HW Explain the four lobes that are in each brain hemisphere
What do they do? What is the motor cortex? How is this possible? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjfrqbItrx8 What are association areas and why are they important? Explain the four lobes that are in each brain hemisphere What do they do? Frontal: just behind the forehead, speaking, muscle movements,, and making plans and judgments Parietal: top of head and toward the rear, receives sensory input for touch and body position Occipital: Back of the head. Receives info from visual fields Temporal: above the ears. Auditory areas. What is the motor cortex? Read of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements. Sends messages out to the body How is this possible? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjfrqbItrx8 No sensory receptors What are association areas and why are they important? Not involved in primary or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.

10 The Cerebral Cortex

11 Association Areas More intelligent animals have increased “uncommitted” or association areas of the cortex

12 Language Aphasia is an impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca’s area (impaired speaking) or to Wernicke’s area (impaired understanding). OBJECTIVE 17| Describe the five brain areas that would be involved if you read this sentence aloud.

13 Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Build a Brain Activity
Left-Brain vs Right-Brain Activity Prayer and the Brain Monday 9/9 Ch 2, 69-75 Tuesday 9/10 Ch 2, 75-80 Finish Test corrections at lunch and 7th Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Ch 2, 81 *Optional: Work on chapter review questions Study for the test Test corrections at lunch *Wednesday Friday 9/13 Dream Journal Chpt

14 Build a Brain Activity Take out a blank piece of paper
Put everyone’s name in the group at the top You will be asked a series of questions, use your actual and created brains to respond to the questions. You may not use the textbook or your notebook.

15 Build a Brain Questions
1. The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is A) limbic system; brainstem; cerebral cortex. B) brainstem; cerebral cortex; limbic system. C) limbic system; cerebral cortex; brainstem. D) brainstem; limbic system; cerebral cortex. E) cerebral cortex; brainstem; limbic system. 2. The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________. A) eating; sleeping B) breathing; walking C) emotion; motivation D) memory; attention E) hearing; seeing

16 Build a Brain Questions
3. After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty A) experiencing intense emotions. B) reading printed words. C) understanding what others are saying. D) tasting the flavors of foods. E) playing his guitar. 4. Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories? A) hypothalamus B) thalamus C) hippocampus D) medulla E) cerebellum

17 Build a Brain Questions
5. When the cat's amygdala is electrically stimulated the cat prepares to attack by hissing and arching its back. Which division of the autonomic nervous system is activated by such stimulation? A) somatic B) parasympathetic C) central D) sympathetic E) sensorimotor 6. The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the A) cerebellum. B) amygdala. C) reticular formation. D) hypothalamus. E) medulla.

18 Build a Brain Questions
7. The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of A) muscular coordination. B) language comprehension. C) visual perception. D) speaking ability. E) pain sensations. 8. In 1848, Phineas Gage, a railroad construction foreman, survived when an explosion drove an iron rod through his head. The once friendly, soft-spoken Gage became irritable and dishonest. Gage's case provided evidence that which region of the brain plays a role in personality and behavior? A) temporal lobes B) sensory cortex C) frontal lobes D) parietal lobes E) Broca's area

19 Build a Brain Questions
9. To trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's A) motor cortex. B) hypothalamus. C) sensory cortex. D) reticular formation. E) limbic system. 10. Someone who has difficulty speaking after a stroke is suffering from which of the following? A) neurogenesis B) lesion C) aphasia D) angular gyrus E) interneurons

20 Build a Brain Questions
11. When asked to describe a picture that showed two boys stealing cookies behind a woman's back, a patient replied, “Mother is away her working her work to get her better, but when she's looking the two boys looking the other part.” Which brain region has most likely been damaged? A) Broca's area B) angular gyrus C) corpus callosum D) Wernicke's area E) parietal lobes 12. Which brain area is primarily involved with reading aloud? A) sensory cortex C) association areas D) reticular formation E) hypothalamus

21 Build a Brain Questions
13. Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut. A) hippocampus B) limbic system C) corpus callosum D) sensory cortex E) reticular formation 14. A patient who suffered a stroke says that she no longer recognizes herself in a mirror. Which brain structure was likely damaged in the stroke? A) occipital lobes B) temporal lobes C) left hemisphere D) right hemisphere

22 Build a Brain Questions
15. Which of the following structures in the brainstem helps coordinate movements and lies above the medulla? A) reticular formation B) hippocampus C) pons D) thalamus E) hypothalamus 16. Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name? B) cerebellum C) hypothalamus D) amygdala E) medulla

23 Build a Brain Questions
17. The secretions of the pituitary gland are most directly regulated by the A) reticular formation. B) hypothalamus. C) amygdala. D) cerebellum. E) thalamus. 18. The sensory cortex is most critical for our sense of A) taste. B) sight. C) hearing. D) touch. E) smell.

24 Build a Brain Questions
19. Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex? A) thalamus B) amygdala C) medulla D) hippocampus E) cerebellum 20. A stroke patient can recognize the sound of his wife's voice but cannot recognize her face when she stands next to him. Which brain region has most likely been damaged? A) the visual cortex in the occipital lobe B) the underside of the right temporal lobe C) Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe D) the hippocampus in the limbic system E) the reticular formation in the brainstem

25 Answers! Trade your papers with another group.

26 Build a Brain Questions
1. The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is A) limbic system; brainstem; cerebral cortex. B) brainstem; cerebral cortex; limbic system. C) limbic system; cerebral cortex; brainstem. D) brainstem; limbic system; cerebral cortex. E) cerebral cortex; brainstem; limbic system. 2. The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________. A) eating; sleeping B) breathing; walking C) emotion; motivation D) memory; attention E) hearing; seeing

27 Build a Brain Questions
3. After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty A) experiencing intense emotions. B) reading printed words. C) understanding what others are saying. D) tasting the flavors of foods. E) playing his guitar. 4. Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories? A) hypothalamus B) thalamus C) hippocampus D) medulla E) cerebellum

28 Build a Brain Questions
5. When the cat's amygdala is electrically stimulated the cat prepares to attack by hissing and arching its back. Which division of the autonomic nervous system is activated by such stimulation? A) somatic B) parasympathetic C) central D) sympathetic E) sensorimotor 6. The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the A) cerebellum. B) amygdala. C) reticular formation. D) hypothalamus. E) medulla.

29 Build a Brain Questions
7. The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of A) muscular coordination. B) language comprehension. C) visual perception. D) speaking ability. E) pain sensations. 8. In 1848, Phineas Gage, a railroad construction foreman, survived when an explosion drove an iron rod through his head. The once friendly, soft-spoken Gage became irritable and dishonest. Gage's case provided evidence that which region of the brain plays a role in personality and behavior? A) temporal lobes B) sensory cortex C) frontal lobes D) parietal lobes E) Broca's area

30 Build a Brain Questions
9. To trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's A) motor cortex. B) hypothalamus. C) sensory cortex. D) reticular formation. E) limbic system. 10. Someone who has difficulty speaking after a stroke is suffering from which of the following? A) neurogenesis B) lesion C) aphasia D) angular gyrus E) interneurons

31 Build a Brain Questions
11. When asked to describe a picture that showed two boys stealing cookies behind a woman's back, a patient replied, “Mother is away her working her work to get her better, but when she's looking the two boys looking the other part.” Which brain region has most likely been damaged? A) Broca's area B) angular gyrus C) corpus callosum D) Wernicke's area E) parietal lobes 12. Which brain area is primarily involved with reading aloud? A) sensory cortex C) association areas D) reticular formation E) hypothalamus

32 Build a Brain Questions
13. Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut. A) hippocampus B) limbic system C) corpus callosum D) sensory cortex E) reticular formation 14. A patient who suffered a stroke says that she no longer recognizes herself in a mirror. Which brain structure was likely damaged in the stroke? A) occipital lobes B) temporal lobes C) left hemisphere D) right hemisphere

33 Build a Brain Questions
15. Which of the following structures in the brainstem helps coordinate movements and lies above the medulla? A) reticular formation B) hippocampus C) pons D) thalamus E) hypothalamus 16. Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name? B) cerebellum C) hypothalamus D) amygdala E) medulla

34 Build a Brain Questions
17. The secretions of the pituitary gland are most directly regulated by the A) reticular formation. B) hypothalamus. C) amygdala. D) cerebellum. E) thalamus. 18. The sensory cortex is most critical for our sense of A) taste. B) sight. C) hearing. D) touch. E) smell.

35 Build a Brain Questions
19. Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex? A) thalamus B) amygdala C) medulla D) hippocampus E) cerebellum 20. A stroke patient can recognize the sound of his wife's voice but cannot recognize her face when she stands next to him. Which brain region has most likely been damaged? A) the visual cortex in the occipital lobe B) the underside of the right temporal lobe C) Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe D) the hippocampus in the limbic system E) the reticular formation in the brainstem

36 Left Brain vs. Right Brain Activity
Using the “Alert Scale of Cognitive Style” We will seek to better understand how we think. What can we learn from this activity?

37 Prayer and the Brain Do you believe this?
What can we learn from this information? Why is it significant?

38 Friday 9/13/13 Dream Journal Chapter 2 Test
Work on notes for Monday when you finish the test. Monday 9/9 Ch 2, 69-75 Tuesday 9/10 Ch 2, 75-80 Finish Test corrections at lunch and 7th Block Day 9/11 & 9/12 Ch 2, 81 *Optional: Work on chapter review questions Study for the test Test corrections at lunch *Wednesday Friday 9/13 Dream Journal Chpt

39 Dream Recall Techniques
You have to want to remember Reread over past dreams Be patient and do not force a memory Keep a journal Next to your bed. Write down everything you remember as soon as you wake up even if it doesn’t make sense to you at the time. Keep a journal from 9/13-9/19

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