Presentation on theme: "The Cerebral Cortex is split into four LOBES, with half of each one on the left, and half of each one on the right: – The FRONTAL LOBE – The PARIETAL LOBE."— Presentation transcript:
The Cerebral Cortex is split into four LOBES, with half of each one on the left, and half of each one on the right: – The FRONTAL LOBE – The PARIETAL LOBE – The OCCIPITAL LOBE – The TEMPORAL LOBE
The Temporal Lobes are the portions of the cerebral cortex roughly located above the ears The functions of the temporal lobes are generally specific to audio processing, and may extend to comprehension, naming, verbal memory and other language functions.
In the left temporal lobe specifically, there is an association area called Wernicke’s Area
Wernicke’s Area interprets both written and spoken language.
Aphasia is a disorder of either Broca’s or Wernicke’s areas. You may be able to comprehend, but cannot intelligibly communicate, or vice-versa.
Broca’s Aphasia - Broca's aphasia characterizes patients as people who have loss the production of complete sentence structures in speech and writing. Broca’s Aphasia Wernicke’s Aphasia - Individuals with Wernicke's aphasia speak in long, uninterrupted sentences; however, the words used are frequently unnecessary or even made-up. They have a great deal of difficulty understanding other people's speech, sometimes to the point of being unable to understand spoken or written language at all. Wernicke’s Aphasia
II. The Midbrain The Midbrain is located in the center of the brain and connects the forebrain to the hindbrain. It assists in: – Motor control – Hearing – Alertness and sleep/wake cycles – Temperature regulation
The RETICULAR FORMATION runs from the spine up and through the midbrain and connects to the thalamus. It is responsible for: – Visual tracking – Relaying audio and visual information to the cerebellum – Pain sensations – Attentiveness and consciousness – Selective attention