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Nationalism vs Communism in China Brian and Lynn.

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism vs Communism in China Brian and Lynn."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Nationalism vs Communism in China Brian and Lynn

3 Key Ideas The Main Conflict: Nationalism vs Communism The Main Conflict: Nationalism vs Communism Nationalists: Democracy Nationalists: Democracy Communists: Communism Communists: Communism After the fall of Qing Dynasty, Nationalist and Communist parties fought for power After the fall of Qing Dynasty, Nationalist and Communist parties fought for power Start of Communism in China Start of Communism in China

4 Back Ground Let’s read the comic Let’s read the comic

5 Nationalism VS Communism Key Characters Sun Yixian: leader of Kuomintang, Nationalist -Kuomintang: Nationalist Party -Mao Zedong: Founder of Chinese Communist Party -Jiang Jieshi: Successor of Sun, Nationalist

6 …And the Battle Begins Nationalists(Kuomintang) VS The Chinese Communist Party

7 Sun Yixian Sun Yixian formed a Nationalist group, Kuomintang. Sun Yixian formed a Nationalist group, Kuomintang. -Kuomintang overthrew the Qing Dynasty. -Sun became president of China(1912).

8 Three Principles of People Sun’s Ideas: “Three Principles of People” Sun’s Ideas: “Three Principles of People” 1. Nationalism: no more foreign rule 2. Democracy: give people rights 3. Economic security Sun only lasted for 6 weeks as the president.

9 Yuan Shikai Yuan Shikai overthrew Yuan Shikai overthrew Sun and became president (1912). -No more democracy: Military Rule Local Revolts Local Revolts Yuan died (1916) Yuan died (1916)

10 Chaos in China Chaos in China (1916) Chaos in China (1916) -The government of China lost its power. -Warlords stole from peasants. -Constant civil wars -Peasants died of hunger.

11 WWI and China Meanwhile, Europe was in WWI Meanwhile, Europe was in WWI -China’s government declared war against Germany. -Thought the Allies would give back the German colonies in China -Treaty of Versailles: Allies gave the German colonies to Japan

12 The Chinese were Outraged..

13 Nationalists allies with Communists May Fourth Movement May Fourth Movement Mao Zedong forms the Chinese Communist Party Mao Zedong forms the Chinese Communist Party

14 Jiang Jieshi Jiang Jieshi (a.k.a. Chiang Kai-shek) took over the Kuomintang. Jiang Jieshi (a.k.a. Chiang Kai-shek) took over the Kuomintang. Jiang betrayed the Communists and massacred the Chinese Communist Party (1927). Jiang betrayed the Communists and massacred the Chinese Communist Party (1927). Jiang becomes president of China(1928). Jiang becomes president of China(1928).

15 The Rise of Mao Zedong Jiang’s government was a failure Jiang’s government was a failure Peasants supported the Chinese Communist Party. Peasants supported the Chinese Communist Party. Mao Zedong’s Revolution: Mao Zedong’s Revolution: -“Swimming in the peasant-sea” -A Communist revolution based on the support from peasants -Mao led the Red Army

16 Mao Zedong “The force of peasantry is like that of the raging winds and driving rain. It is rapidly increasing in violence. No force can stand in its way. The peasantry will tear apart all nets which bind it and hasten along the road to liberation. They will bury beneath them all forces of imperialism, militarism, corrupt officialdom, village bosses, and evil gentry. ”

17 Start of Communism Mao’s Revolution=Marxist Ideas Mao’s Revolution=Marxist Ideas Mao’s Chinese Communist Party was the start of Communism in China. Mao’s Chinese Communist Party was the start of Communism in China. China is still a Communist country. China is still a Communist country. China’s Communist views have caused tension between Democratic Western Nations VS Communist Nations China’s Communist views have caused tension between Democratic Western Nations VS Communist Nations

18 The Long March Civil War (1930): Mao Zedong (Communists) vs Jiang Jieshi (Nationalists) Civil War (1930): Mao Zedong (Communists) vs Jiang Jieshi (Nationalists) 1933~1934 – Jiang’s Nationalist army grows 1933~1934 – Jiang’s Nationalist army grows -Jiang repeatedly attacks the Communists and surrounds them The Long March: Mao and his Communist army running away from the Nationalists The Long March: Mao and his Communist army running away from the Nationalists

19 Japan Invades China 1928: Japan and China goes to war -Japan takes control of a small part in China : Japan and China goes to war -Japan takes control of a small part in China1936 Jiang is forced to make the "United Front" with the Communist party to fight against Japan. Jiang is forced to make the "United Front" with the Communist party to fight against Japan. 1937: Japan started an all out invasion against China by crossing Korea to Manchkuo. 1937: Japan started an all out invasion against China by crossing Korea to Manchkuo.

20 Let’s watch some Youtube.. Let’s watch some Youtube..


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