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Mao Zedong and the Origins of Communism in China: Lots o’ fun stuff like wars and massacres.

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Presentation on theme: "Mao Zedong and the Origins of Communism in China: Lots o’ fun stuff like wars and massacres."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mao Zedong and the Origins of Communism in China: Lots o’ fun stuff like wars and massacres

2 Kuomintang Originally formed by Sun Yat-sen (also called Sun Yixian) to oppose imperial rule in China Overthrew the last dynasty (Qing) and established the Republic of China Three principles: Nationalism, Democracy, and Economic Security Republic was unstable and various warlords seized power Kuomintang reformed a govt. in the south Civil war with Warlords in the North

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4 Communist Party Origins go back to angers about imperialism after WWI and dissatisfaction with the Kuomintang - Communism seemed to offer an answer - May 4 th Movement Formed by Mao and other young intellectuals in Initially allied with the Kuomintang - Grew disillusioned with Kuomintang after death of Sun Yat-sen

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6 What does their appearance suggest about the way in which they wished to be viewed? What does this have to do with their political points of view?

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8 Shanghai Massacre 1927 Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) took power in the Kuomintang after Sun died - Mistrusted Communists Communists took Shanghai from the warlords Gave it to the Kuomintang Kuomintang killed hundreds, perhaps thousands, of communists and union members in Shanghai - attempt to preemptively wipe out the communist party Even worse massacres followed in Guangzhou and Changsha

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10 Civil War Prior to WWII Mao Zedong and a few other important communist leaders survived the purges - Who will support the communists and who the nationalists? Mao started a guerilla war against Chiang About 100,000 communists vs. 700,000 Kuomintang

11 The Long March Actually a series of marches - Outnumbered communists fled nationalist forces Largest one came after Chiang surrounded Mao's mountain stronghold - fled miles over the course of a year - numbers went from about 100,000 to 10,000 - many stories of heroism in the face of superior odds Mao's leadership let him more firmly establish his leadership

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14 During WWII Civil war was suspended when Japan invaded Mao organized a guerilla war against the Japanese occupiers Chiang had a secure base in the south but did relatively little - gathered an army of over 2.5 million that he did not use - probably saving his strength for the communists

15 After the War Chiang had larger force but less popular support - many nationalist soldiers actually deserted to join communists Communists were experienced in guerilla warfare Chiang eventually fled to Taiwan with his army - Leads to two Chinese governments, both claiming legitimacy Communist China expanded into tibet and mongolia Communists claimed a new mandate of heaven Began trying to industrialize China


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