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COMMUNIST TAKE POWER IN CHINA. Nationalist Theme - “Three Principles of the People”  1. an end to foreign control  2. people’s rights- democracy  3.

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Presentation on theme: "COMMUNIST TAKE POWER IN CHINA. Nationalist Theme - “Three Principles of the People”  1. an end to foreign control  2. people’s rights- democracy  3."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMMUNIST TAKE POWER IN CHINA

2 Nationalist Theme - “Three Principles of the People”  1. an end to foreign control  2. people’s rights- democracy  3. people’s livelihood- economic security for all Chinese “The Chinese people…do not have national spirit. Therefore, even though we have 4 million people gathered together in one China, in reality, they are just a heap of sand.” –Sun Yixian

3 Betrayal  1917 China declares war on Germany hoping for an Allied victory in WWI  At end of WWI, German territories given to Japan – not China  1917 Russian Revolution occurs  Russia begins to help China establish itself as a unified country. (looking to establish allies in the area)  A military school is established, and Chiang Kai-Shek emerges as a top military leader

4 Meanwhile….An Unlikely Alliance is created  In a hope for common action the Nationalists (Kuomintang) turn to the Communists.  Both groups had common goals  China freed from foreign control  Strong and United China  1921 Mao Zedong…  Communist Theory emerges with Mao taking a leadership position

5 Death, & a Sharp Right Turn  in ’25, Chiang Kai-Shek becomes the new leader. Of the Nationalist Party  Beliefs  Eliminate warlord control of China  Remove foreign domination of China (Same as Mao)

6 The Shanghai Massacre, 1927  As Europe leaves, Chiang consolidates power.  Distrust for Communist begins.  Chiang felt Communists were trying to control China 34 warlords eliminated, and finally communists are targeted

7 Chiang Kai-Shek  Had promised democracy and political rights to all Chinese  Yet his government became steadily less democratic and more corrupt  Peasants believed that Chiang was doing little to help them, so they begin to support communism and Mao

8 The Nationalists Distracted  Japan had watched the power struggle in China and decided to launch an invasion 1931  This would force a temporary and uneasy truce between Mao and Chiang’s forces to fight against Japan Japan attacking

9 Japan invades  The Communists defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan, where Chiang ruled over the island.  Chiang ruled the island securely as its President until his death in 1975.

10 U.S. Anti-Communist feelings  Chinese and Soviets sign Treaty of Friendship in 1950  U.S. viewed this as another step in Communist campaign to conquer the world

11 China divided  Taiwan= Nationalist China  -U.S. aided  Mainland=People’s Republic of China  -Soviet Union aided PRC= People’s Republic of China ROC= Republic of China


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