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Warmup 25-5:Which Chinese quote do you agree with & why? 1.“Knowledge is difficult, action is easy” - Sun Yixian (Yat-Sen) 2. “Knowing what to do is easier.

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Presentation on theme: "Warmup 25-5:Which Chinese quote do you agree with & why? 1.“Knowledge is difficult, action is easy” - Sun Yixian (Yat-Sen) 2. “Knowing what to do is easier."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Warmup 25-5:Which Chinese quote do you agree with & why? 1.“Knowledge is difficult, action is easy” - Sun Yixian (Yat-Sen) 2. “Knowing what to do is easier than doing it.” - Confucius 3. “Real power comes from the barrel of a gun” - Mao Zedong

3 Collapse of Imperial China What causes the Chinese Civil War?

4 China  Sun’s group is called the Kuomintang (KMT)  Sun believes in nationalism, democracy, & equality  Landowners don’t support KMT & become warlords, forming their own armies and governments  Chinese people also upset that Treaty of Versailles gives German- Chinese territory to Japan Chinese students begin protesting during the May Fourth Movement (1919) Down with Western Imperialism! Dr. Sun Yixian (Yat-Sen)  Nationalists led by Sun Yixian overthrow the Emperor of China (1911)

5  Due to protests, Western countries wont support to Sun’s govt.  Mao tells Sun the Soviet Union could aid his govt.  Soviets aid Sun’s government & in return Sun will allow Mao’s Communists to join the KMT Mao Zedong in the 1920s  Sun dies in 1925  New KMT leader is a businessman named Chiang Kai-Shek (Jiang Jeishi)  After warlords are beaten, Chiang turns on the communists  Mao & the communists flee into exile No Commies! Mao must Go! China  May 4th protestors are led by a Chinese Communist, Mao Zedong

6  Mao calls for a revolution  Mao is training peasants in guerilla warfare  Mao’s peasant army attacks the KMT 1937: Japan invades China Truce occurs between Chiang & Mao Nationalists and Communists will combine armies to fight Japan VS. China  US & Britain recognize Chiang’s government Nationalist China Communist China  Civil War begins – KMT’s Nationalist Army is beating Mao’s Red Army  Nationalists chase Communists on 6,000 mile, 370 day “Long March”


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