2 Appendicular Skeleton The appendicular skeleton consists of the bones of the limbs and bones that anchor the limbs to the axial skeleton.Pectoral girdle: scapula, clavicle.Upper limbs: humerus, radium, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges.Pelvic girdle: coxal bones.Lower limbs: femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges.
4 Pectoral GirdleClavicles: collar bones that attach the sternum to the shoulder anteriorly.Scapulae: shoulder blades with two processes.Acromion process: tip of the shoulder.Coracoid process: attaches to the clavicle and provides attachments for muscles.Glenoid fossa articulates with the humerus.
11 Upper limb cont.Radius: thumb side of the forearm, articulates with the capitulum of the humerus and the radial notch of the ulnaUlna: longer bone of the forearm, olecranon and coronoid processes articulate with the humerus
15 Hand Carpal bones: eight small bones of the wrist. Metacarpal bones: five bones, the framework of the palm.Phalanges: finger bones, three in each finger (proximal, middle, distal phalanx), two in the thumb.
18 Pelvic GirdleCoxal bones: two hips bones composed of three fused bones.Ilium: superior part of the coxal bone.Ischium: lowest portion of the coxal bone.Pubis: anterior part of the coxal bone. The two pubic bones joint at the symphysis pubis.
28 Lower Limb Femur: thigh bone, longest bone Patella: kneecap, located in a tendon, femur, tibia, and patella form the knee jointTibia: shinbone, lateral malleolus forms the ankleFibula: slender bone lateral to the tibia, not part of the knee joint
41 FootTarsal bones: seven small bones in the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the largest, located below the talus.Metatarsal bones: elongated bones that form the arch of the foot.Phalanges: each toe has three except the great tow which has two.