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Noun-Adjective Agreement Nouns are ALL-POWERFUL!!!!!
*Adjectives are words that describe nouns.
*Example in English: the serious student nounadjective *In English, adjectives usually come before nouns.
*Example in Spanish: el estudiante serio nounadjective *In Spanish, adjectives usually come after nouns.
In Spanish, adjectives must match the GENDER and NUMBER of the nouns they describe.
*First, you must match the gender. *If the noun is masculine (usually ends in –o), the adjective must also be masculine (usually ends in –o). *Example: el chico alto
*If the noun is feminine (usually ends in – a), the adjective must also be feminine (usually ends in –a). *Example: la chica alta
*Next, you match the number. *If the noun is singular (only one of it), the adjective must also be singular. *Example: el chico alto *Example: la chica alta
*If the noun is plural (more than one of it), the adjective must also be plural. *Example: los chicos altos *Example: las chicas altas
*Make sure the article matches in gender and number too! *Example: los chicos altos *Example: las chicas altas
SingularPlural Masculine el chico altolos chicos altos Feminine la chica altalas chicas altas
*Adjectives that end in –e match both genders *Example: el maestro inteligente *Example: la maestra inteligente BUT don’t forget to match NUMBER! *Example: las maestras inteligentes
*Adjectives that end in a consonant generally match both genders *Example: el amigo joven *Example: la amiga joven
*Some adjectives that end in a consonant add –a to form the feminine. These exceptions have to be memorized. *Example: el chico trabajador *Example: la chica trabajadora
*To make a word plural, add –s if it ends in a vowel *Example: el chico = los chicos *Example: la estudiante = las estudiantes
*To make a word plural, add –es if it ends in a consonant *Example: el estudiante trabajador = los estudiantes trabajadores *Example: la mujer joven = las mujeres jóvenes
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