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Pregunta esencial: How do I use adjectives with nouns and the verb ‘to be’ to describe people in Spanish?

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Presentation on theme: "Pregunta esencial: How do I use adjectives with nouns and the verb ‘to be’ to describe people in Spanish?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pregunta esencial: How do I use adjectives with nouns and the verb ‘to be’ to describe people in Spanish?

2 A noun, adjective & verb have the same function in Spanish and English:  NOUN – A person place or thing  Ejemplo: Miguel, the library, el libro  ADJECTIVE – A word that describes the noun  Miguel es tall  The big library  El libro azul  VERB – An action / activity  Miguel runs everyday.  The students read at the library  The red book is heavy

3 In English, the adjectives usually come before the noun. ◦ Ejemplo: The pretty woman.  In Spanish, the adjectives come after the noun. ◦ Ejemplo: La mujer bonita.

4  Adjectives match the gender and number of the nouns they describe ◦ Remember that every noun is either masculine or feminine!!!

5  Singular:Plural: ◦ El chico alto- Los chicos altos  The tall boy- The tall boys

6  SingularPlural ◦ La chica alta- las chicas altas  The tall girl- the tall girls

7  Adjectives that end in –e match both genders ◦ El maestro inteligente ◦ La maestra inteligente

8  Many adjectives that end in a consonant match both genders ◦ El amigo joven ◦ La amiga joven

9  Some adjectives that end in a consonant add –a to form the feminine singular. ◦ ¡Lo siento! You just have to memorize them  El chico trabajador  La chica trabajadora

10  To make an adjective plural, add –s if it ends in a vowel  Add –es if it ends in a consonant ◦ Las chicas trabajadoras ◦ Los chicos trabajadores

11 Athletic : feminine/ singular Tall: masculine/ plural Intelligent: feminine /singular Intelligent: feminine/ plural Short: masculine/ plural

12  Write in Spanish: ◦ Sally is athletic ◦ Mr. Smith is a little handsome. ◦ Rafael is very funny. ◦ You (masculine) are serious. ◦ EXTRA! – The tall girl likes to study.

13 Español 1

14  SUBJECT PRONOUNS take the place of the subject (noun) of the sentence. Yo Tú Él / Ella / Usted Nosotros Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes I You (informal) He/She/You (formal) We They (M & F)/You (plural)

15  Conjugated forms of Ser – To be Soy Eres Es Somos Son

16 Yo soy Tú eres Él / Ella / Usted es Nosotros somos Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes son I am You are He/She is / You are We are They are

17 Which pronoun do you use for the following people: 1. Joseph y yo 2. Clara y Marta 3. Nicholas, Matthew, and Julie 4. When talking to an adult 5. When talking to a peer

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19  Translate the following sentences:  You (formal) are very tall.  Gloria is artistic  They (masculine) are a little small.  We are hard-working students.


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