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Noun – Adjective Agreement Avancemos 1 Unit 1, Lesson 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Noun – Adjective Agreement Avancemos 1 Unit 1, Lesson 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Noun – Adjective Agreement Avancemos 1 Unit 1, Lesson 2

2 What is an adjective? Describes a noun. ▫The fat cat chased the small cats. In English, adjectives are placed BEFORE the noun it is describing. In Spanish, adjectives are placed after the noun. ▫The fat cat ▫El gato gordo  The serious students  Los estudiantes serios.

3 Noun – Adjective Agreement Adjectives must match (in gender and number) the nouns they are describing. They can be masculine, feminine, singular, or plural. Masculine: ▫El chico altoLos chicos altos  The tall boyThe tall boys Feminine: ▫La chica altaLas chicas altas  The tall girlThe tall girls

4 Agreement of Adjectives The studious girlThe studious boy

5 The funny womanThe funny man

6 The nice girlsThe funny men

7 Adjective Agreement Adjectives that end in –e already match both genders. They only have singular and plural forms. Masculine: ▫El maestro inteligenteLos maetros inteligentes  The intelligent teacherThe intelligent teachers Feminine: ▫La maestra inteligenteLas maestras inteligentes  The intelligent teacherThe intelligent teachers

8 Adjectives that end in -e The big womanThe big man

9 Adjectives that end in consonants Many adjectives that end in a consonant match both genders. They only have singular and plural forms. Masculine: ▫El amigo jovenLos amigos jovenes  The young friendThe young friends Feminine: ▫La amiga jovenLas amigas jovenes  The young friendThe young friends

10 Adjectives that end in consonants Some adjectives that end in consonants must add an –a to form the feminine singular. YOU MUST MEMORIZE THESE!!! Masculine: ▫El chico trabajador  The hard-working boy Feminine: ▫La chica trabajadora  The hard-working girl

11 Continued… To make adjectives plural, follow the same rule for nouns (not z). If an adjective / noun ends in a vowel add –s If an adjective / noun ends in a consonant add –es. Masculine: ▫Los chicos trabajadores  The hard-working boys Feminine: ▫Las chicas trabajadoras  The hard-working girls

12 The athletic manThe intelligent student

13 The pretty girlThe funny friends

14 The serious boyThe nice kids

15 The bad manThe young friends

16 ¡Abran los libros a la página 66!


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