2 What is an adjective? Describes a noun. The fat cat chased the small cats.In English, adjectives are placed BEFORE the noun it is describing.In Spanish, adjectives are placed after the noun.The fat catEl gato gordoThe serious studentsLos estudiantes serios.
3 Noun – Adjective Agreement Adjectives must match (in gender and number) the nouns they are describing.They can be masculine, feminine, singular, or plural.Masculine:El chico alto Los chicos altosThe tall boy The tall boysFeminine:La chica alta Las chicas altasThe tall girl The tall girls
4 Agreement of Adjectives The studious girlThe studious boy
7 Adjective AgreementAdjectives that end in –e already match both genders.They only have singular and plural forms.Masculine:El maestro inteligente Los maetros inteligentesThe intelligent teacher The intelligent teachersFeminine:La maestra inteligente Las maestras inteligentes
8 Adjectives that end in -e The big womanThe big man
9 Adjectives that end in consonants Many adjectives that end in a consonant match both genders.They only have singular and plural forms.Masculine:El amigo joven Los amigos jovenesThe young friend The young friendsFeminine:La amiga joven Las amigas jovenes
10 Adjectives that end in consonants Some adjectives that end in consonants must add an –a to form the feminine singular.YOU MUST MEMORIZE THESE!!!Masculine:El chico trabajadorThe hard-working boyFeminine:La chica trabajadoraThe hard-working girl
11 Continued…To make adjectives plural, follow the same rule for nouns (not z).If an adjective / noun ends in a vowel add –sIf an adjective / noun ends in a consonant add –es .Masculine:Los chicos trabajadoresThe hard-working boysFeminine:Las chicas trabajadorasThe hard-working girls