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Los adjetivos en español

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1 Los adjetivos en español
Adjectives in Spanish Los adjetivos en español Sheila McCoy Floyd College

2 Adjectives are like mirrors:
they reflect the gender and number of the noun they modify. Adjective = Noun in form

3 El chico simpático simpática La chica Nouns have gender and number
in Spanish and so the adjective must reflect the same gender and number as its noun. El chico simpático or La chica simpática

4 or Los chicos simpáticos or Las chicas simpáticas

5 alto alt a s s alto alta Masculine: Feminine:
Regular adjectives--those that end in o--change to the feminine by dropping the -o and adding -a; they then change to the plural by adding -s to either form: Masculine: Feminine: alto alt a Singular: s s alto alta Plural:

6 es fácil fácil fácil es fácil
Most irregular adjectives--those that end in a letter other than o--only change the ending to indicate plurals. If the adjective ends in a consonant, the plural form adds -es. Masculine: Feminine: fácil fácil Singular es fácil es fácil Plural

7 El chico japonés La chica japonesa La revista alemana
Some exceptions to the previous rules are adjectives of nationality and adjectives that end in -or or -z. Adjectives of nationality that end in consonants add -a to form the feminine singular, which then forms its plural by adding -s. El chico japonés El libro alemán La chica japonesa La revista alemana El restaurante español La cafetería española

8 El estudiante trabajador
Adjectives that end in -or add -a to form the feminine: El estudiante trabajador La estudiante trabajadora Adjectives that end in -z change the -z to -c and then add -es to form the plural: El estudiante feliz La estudiante feliz Los estudiantes felices Las estudiantes felices

9 Una muchacha simpática y interesante
If more than one adjective modifies and follows a noun , you may connect them with the conjunction -y: Una muchacha simpática y interesante or Un muchacho bajo y ágil

10 N (Adj) (Adj) xy xy xy Remember that in Spanish , whether it follows
or precedes the noun, the adjective must match the noun in gender and number: N (Adj) (Adj) = = xy xy xy X=masculine or feminine Adj=adjective N= noun Y= singular or plural

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