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CHAPTER 15 ROPES AND KNOTS Copyright© 2000. Delmar is a division of Thomson Learning.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 15 ROPES AND KNOTS Copyright© 2000. Delmar is a division of Thomson Learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 15 ROPES AND KNOTS Copyright© Delmar is a division of Thomson Learning.

2 CHAPTER 15 Objectives 1 of 2 Identify the different materials that fire service rope is constructed from. Describe the difference between life safety rope and utility rope. Define basic rope terminology.

3 CHAPTER 15 Objectives 2 of 2 Identify basic knots used in the fire service Describe the proper methods of inspection, maintenance, and storage of ropes. Describe methods of rigging basic equipment to be hoisted.

4 CHAPTER 15 Introduction Rope is one of the most important and routinely used tools in the fire service. Firefighters need to know about what ropes are used, knot tying, rope inspection, and storage of ropes.

5 CHAPTER 15 Rope Materials and Their Characteristics 1 of 2 Rope characteristics will determine specific applications. NFPA 1983 standard for ropes used in the fire service. Natural materials Manila. Sisal. Cotton.

6 CHAPTER 15 Manila Rope

7 CHAPTER 15 Rope Materials and Their Characteristics 2 of 2 Synthetic materials: Nylon. Polypropylene. Polyethylene. Polyester.

8 CHAPTER 15 Polyethylene Rope

9 CHAPTER 15 Construction Methods and Their Characteristics Rope categories: Dynamic. Static. Rope construction: Laid (twisted). Braided. Braid-on-braid. Kernmantle.

10 CHAPTER 15 Primary Uses Utility. Firefighting and rescue.

11 CHAPTER 15 Utility Rope Uses

12 CHAPTER 15 Life Safety Rope Ropes, harnesses, and hardware must comply with NFPA NFPA 1983 categorizes ropes and sets strength requirements.

13 CHAPTER 15 Rope Nomenclature

14 CHAPTER 15 Knots Half hitch. Overhand (safety). Clove hitch in the open. Clove hitch around an object. Becket bend. Double becket bend. Bowline. Figure eight. Follow-through figure eight. Figure eight on a bight. Rescue. Water.

15 CHAPTER 15 Inspection Ropes must be inspected and properly maintained. All life safety rope inspections should be logged. Ropes must be individually identified. Damaged rope should be removed immediately. Training ropes should be inspected after every use.

16 CHAPTER 15 Inspecting Rope

17 CHAPTER 15 Maintenance Ropes must be properly maintained. Follow manufacturer’s recommendations. Natural fibers limited to brushing off. Synthetic materials can be washed. Ropes must be dried prior to use. Ropes can be stored in coils or rope bags.

18 CHAPTER 15 Rope Storage

19 CHAPTER 15 Rigging for Hoisting One of the primary uses of rope is for hoisting. Clove hitch, figure eight, and bowline are most often used for hoisting. Tag line may also be used.

20 CHAPTER 15 WRAP-UP This is only basic rope information. Knot tying and rope use should be practiced regularly. Proper maintenance and inspection is essential.


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