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NS Mayport Fire and Emergency Services

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Presentation on theme: "NS Mayport Fire and Emergency Services"— Presentation transcript:

1 NS Mayport Fire and Emergency Services
Rope Rescue NS Mayport Fire and Emergency Services 1

2 References 2

3 NFPA 1670 Outlines requirements for Technical Rescue Incidents
Identifies the operating levels of rescue. Awareness Operations Technician 3

4 Awareness Level Minimum requirement Ability to: Do size up
Identify resources Implement emergency response and ICS Use PPE Recognize Hazards of Rope Rescue 4

5 Operations Level Awareness Level Implement:
Rope based mechanical advantage systems Edge Protection Single and Multiple point Anchoring Systems 5

6 Operations Level cont... Use Belay Systems
Construct lowering and raising systems Tie Knots Assure Safety Package patient Maintain ropes and equipment Ascend and Descend a fixed rope 6

7 Technician Level Operations Level Know Procedures for:
Load distributing anchor systems High-line rope system Use in High-angle environment Pass Knots Through System Use litter Attendants in High -angle rescue 7

8 Rope Two types of rope used in the fire service Utility rope
Life Safety Rope 8

9 Utility Rope No fire standard applies
Hoisting and securing objects only NOT TO BE USED FOR RESCUE OF VICTIMS 9

10 Life Safety Rope NFPA 1983 Two classes One person 300 LBS 4500LBF
1 1/8” /2” 10

11 Life Safety Rope Two Person 600 LBS 9000 LBF 1 1/2” - 2 1/4” 11

12 Life Safety Rope Only type to be used for RESCUE
Should Not be used for UTILITY ROPE 12

13 Rope Construction Laid-
Twisted or laid bundle of strands around each other Can stretch Can spiral it untwisted under load. 13

14 Laid Rope 14

15 Rope Construction Solid Braid- No Core Unacceptable as Rescue Rope
Used only for Utility rope 15

16 Rope Construction Kernmantle- High strength inner core (kern)
Outer sheath (mantle) Kern is the load bearing element 16

17 Kernmantle Dynamic Kernmantle Load absorbing ability
Twisted or Laid inner core allows some stretch 17

18 Kernmantle Static Kernmantle Little stretch High abrasion resistance
Excellent Rescue Rope 18

19 Kernmantle Almost all rescue rope made of DuPont Nylon
Block and Creel construction means- No Knots in fibers, and Never been used fibers 19

20 Kernmantle 20

21 Rope Care and Inspection
Inspect before and after use Inspect for- Visual damage Loose Mantle Kinks Store away from sunlight, heat and chemicals Wash and air dry 21

22 Rope Do’s and Don’ts Use the rope for it’s intended purpose
Always use edge protection Proper rappelling techniques No Fast rappels Bounding Swinging 22

23 Rope Do’s and Don’ts Never step on a rope and, Again,
Never use a rope for anything other then it’s intended purpose 23

24 Webbing Used to construct anchor points 1-2” sizes
1” most common has a breaking strength of 4000 LBS If use for body contact must have 6000 LBS breaking strength 24

25 Flat webbing Single layer of fabric Hard to tie knots in
Mainly used for straps and harnesses 25

26 Tubular Webbing Easy to tie knots Edge stitched Spiral weave
All webbing should be inspected as rope Wash in cold water and air dry 26

27 Harnesses Class I Around waist and thighs One person escape only 27

28 Class I 28

29 Harnesses Class II Fastened as Class I
Load differences can be determined by label Used for rappelling and victim pick-off 29

30 Class II 30

31 Harnesses Class III Fastened around waist, thighs and shoulders
Shoulder harness either integrated or assembled Best in Confined Space but also for High-angle rescue 31

32 Class III 32

33 Harnesses Improvised Rescue Knot Swiss seat
Swiss seat with shoulder harness 33

34 Belts Not for rescue Only locking in ladders, high work, etc..

35 Hardware Carabiners “D” shaped best for rescue Always use locking gate

36 Carabiners Steel Carabiners Aluminum Carabiners 35

37 Hardware Rescue ring Used with multidirectional loads Anchor Plates
Braking devices also used as anchor points 36

38 Hardware Rescue Ring Rigging Plate

39 Ascenders Allows climbing of fixed ropes Will not stop a fall
Use as intended Two types Cam (Gibbs) Handle 37

40 Ascenders Gibbs Ascender

41 Descending devices Rappelling devices Figure 8’s Rappel racks 38

42 Figure 8 Various Styles of Figure 8’s 39

43 Descenders Bar Rack Descender

44 Pulleys For hoisting and Mechanical Advantage Systems
Raising and lowering Single or double sheaves Edge Rollers Hose Rollers 40

45 Pulleys

46 Edge Rollers Rack Edge Roller Pulley Edge Roller

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