Divisions of the Back DivisionBonesAbbreviation Cervical (neck) region7 bonesC1-C7 Thoracic (chest) region12 bonesT1-T12 Lumbar (loin or waist) region5 bonesL1-L5 Sacral (sacrum or lower back) region5 fused bonesS1-S5 Coccygeal (coccyx or tailbone) region4 fused bones
Planes of the Body Frontal (coronal) plane Up and down plane Divides body into front and back portions Sagittal (lateral) plane Up and down plane Divides body into right and left sides Transverse (axial) plane Horizontal plane Divides body into upper and lower portions
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging A technique for producing images of the body using magnetic waves. Used to create images of organs and other structures in specialized detail and in all planes of the body.
Terminology Abdomin/o – abdomen Abdominal – pertaining to the abdomen Anter/o – front Anterior – located in the front (of the body or structure)
Terminology Bronch/o – bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipes to the lungs) Bronchoscopy – visual examination of the bronchial tubes Cervic/o – neck of the body/neck (cervix) of the uterus Cervical – pertaining to the neck (see context)
Terminology Chondr/o – cartilage Hypochondriac Pertaining to the lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs. Can also describe a person who has chronic concern about his or her health and body functions.
Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone Coccygeal – pertaining to the coccyx Crani/o – skull Craniotomy – surgical incision into the skull
Terminology Epitheli/o skin, surface tissue Epithelial Pertaining to skin cells Esophag/o esophagus (tube from the throat to the stomach) Esophageal Pertaining to the esophagus
Terminology Hepat/o liver Hepatitis inflammation of the liver Lapar/o Abdomen Laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdomen
Terminology Laryng/o Larynx (voice box) Laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx Later/o side Lateral Pertaining to the side
Terminology Lumb/o Loin (waist) Lumbar Pertaining to the loins Part of the back and sides between the chest and the hip. Lymph/o Lymph (clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels) Lymphocyte White blood cell that is found within lymph and lymph nodes. Example: T cells and B cells
Terminology Mediastin/o Mediastinum ( space between the lungs ) Mediastinal Pelv/o Pelvis (bones of the hip) Pelvic