20Divisions of the Back Division Bones Abbreviation Cervical (neck) region7 bonesC1-C7Thoracic (chest) region12 bonesT1-T12Lumbar (loin or waist) region5 bonesL1-L5Sacral (sacrum or lower back) region5 fused bonesS1-S5Coccygeal (coccyx or tailbone) region4 fused bones
21Planes of the Body Frontal (coronal) plane Sagittal (lateral) plane Up and down planeDivides body into front and back portionsSagittal (lateral) planeDivides body into right and left sidesTransverse (axial) planeHorizontal planeDivides body into upper and lower portions
22MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging A technique for producing images of the body using magnetic waves.Used to create images of organs and other structures in specialized detail and in all planes of the body.
24Terminology Abdomin/o – abdomen Anter/o – front Abdominal – pertaining to the abdomenAnter/o – frontAnterior – located in the front (of the body or structure)
25TerminologyBronch/o – bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipes to the lungs)Bronchoscopy – visual examination of the bronchial tubesCervic/o – neck of the body/neck (cervix) of the uterusCervical – pertaining to the neck (see context)
26Terminology Chondr/o – cartilage Hypochondriac Pertaining to the lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs.Can also describe a person who has chronic concern about his or her health and body functions.
27Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone Coccygeal – pertaining to the coccyxCrani/o – skullCraniotomy – surgical incision into the skull
28Terminology Epitheli/o Epithelial Esophag/o Esophageal skin, surface tissueEpithelialPertaining to skin cellsEsophag/oesophagus (tube from the throat to the stomach)EsophagealPertaining to the esophagus
29Terminology Hepat/o Hepatitis Lapar/o Laparoscopy liver inflammation of the liverLapar/oAbdomenLaparoscopyVisual examination of the abdomen
30Terminology Laryng/o Laryngeal Later/o Lateral Larynx (voice box)LaryngealPertaining to the larynxLater/osideLateralPertaining to the side
31Terminology Lumb/o Lumbar Lymph/o Lymphocyte Pertaining to the loins Loin (waist)LumbarPertaining to the loinsPart of the back and sides between the chest and the hip.Lymph/oLymph (clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels)LymphocyteWhite blood cell that is found within lymph and lymph nodes.Example: T cells and B cells
32Terminology Mediastin/o Mediastinal Pelv/o Pelvic Mediastinum ( space between the lungs )MediastinalPelv/oPelvis (bones of the hip)Pelvic
33Terminology Peritone/o Peritoneal Pharyng/o Pharyngeal Peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)PeritonealPharyng/oPharynxPharyngeal
34Terminology Pleur/o Pleuritis Inflammation of the pleura. Posteri/o Membrane surrounding the lungs.PleuritisInflammation of the pleura.Posteri/oBack/BehindPosterior
35Terminology Sacr/o Sacrum (five fused bones in the lower back) Spin/o Spine (backbone)Spinal
36Terminology Thorac/o Thoracotomy Incision of the chest Thoracic Pertaining to the chestTrache/oTracheaTracheotomy opening of the windpipe.