20 Divisions of the Back Division Bones Abbreviation Cervical (neck) region7 bonesC1-C7Thoracic (chest) region12 bonesT1-T12Lumbar (loin or waist) region5 bonesL1-L5Sacral (sacrum or lower back) region5 fused bonesS1-S5Coccygeal (coccyx or tailbone) region4 fused bones
21 Planes of the Body Frontal (coronal) plane Sagittal (lateral) plane Up and down planeDivides body into front and back portionsSagittal (lateral) planeDivides body into right and left sidesTransverse (axial) planeHorizontal planeDivides body into upper and lower portions
22 MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging A technique for producing images of the body using magnetic waves.Used to create images of organs and other structures in specialized detail and in all planes of the body.
24 Terminology Abdomin/o – abdomen Anter/o – front Abdominal – pertaining to the abdomenAnter/o – frontAnterior – located in the front (of the body or structure)
25 TerminologyBronch/o – bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipes to the lungs)Bronchoscopy – visual examination of the bronchial tubesCervic/o – neck of the body/neck (cervix) of the uterusCervical – pertaining to the neck (see context)
26 Terminology Chondr/o – cartilage Hypochondriac Pertaining to the lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs.Can also describe a person who has chronic concern about his or her health and body functions.
27 Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone Coccygeal – pertaining to the coccyxCrani/o – skullCraniotomy – surgical incision into the skull
28 Terminology Epitheli/o Epithelial Esophag/o Esophageal skin, surface tissueEpithelialPertaining to skin cellsEsophag/oesophagus (tube from the throat to the stomach)EsophagealPertaining to the esophagus
29 Terminology Hepat/o Hepatitis Lapar/o Laparoscopy liver inflammation of the liverLapar/oAbdomenLaparoscopyVisual examination of the abdomen
30 Terminology Laryng/o Laryngeal Later/o Lateral Larynx (voice box)LaryngealPertaining to the larynxLater/osideLateralPertaining to the side
31 Terminology Lumb/o Lumbar Lymph/o Lymphocyte Pertaining to the loins Loin (waist)LumbarPertaining to the loinsPart of the back and sides between the chest and the hip.Lymph/oLymph (clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels)LymphocyteWhite blood cell that is found within lymph and lymph nodes.Example: T cells and B cells
32 Terminology Mediastin/o Mediastinal Pelv/o Pelvic Mediastinum ( space between the lungs )MediastinalPelv/oPelvis (bones of the hip)Pelvic
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