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UNIT 2 Organization of the Body. Body Systems  Cells Tissues Organs Systems.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2 Organization of the Body. Body Systems  Cells Tissues Organs Systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 2 Organization of the Body

2 Body Systems  Cells Tissues Organs Systems

3 Circulatory system

4 Lymphatic system

5 Digestive System

6 Endocrine System

7 Female and male reproductive systems

8 Musculoskeletal System

9 Nervous System

10 Respiratory System

11 Skin and sense organ

12 Urinary System

13 BODY CAVITIES

14 Cranial Cavity

15 Thoracic Cavity

16 Abdominal Cavity

17 Pelvic Cavity

18 DIVISION OF THE BACK

19  Spinal Column  Vertebrae  Disk  Cartilage

20 Divisions of the Back DivisionBonesAbbreviation Cervical (neck) region7 bonesC1-C7 Thoracic (chest) region12 bonesT1-T12 Lumbar (loin or waist) region5 bonesL1-L5 Sacral (sacrum or lower back) region5 fused bonesS1-S5 Coccygeal (coccyx or tailbone) region4 fused bones

21 Planes of the Body  Frontal (coronal) plane Up and down plane Divides body into front and back portions  Sagittal (lateral) plane Up and down plane Divides body into right and left sides  Transverse (axial) plane Horizontal plane Divides body into upper and lower portions

22 MRI  Magnetic Resonance Imaging  A technique for producing images of the body using magnetic waves.  Used to create images of organs and other structures in specialized detail and in all planes of the body.

23 Terminlogy

24 Terminology  Abdomin/o – abdomen  Abdominal – pertaining to the abdomen  Anter/o – front  Anterior – located in the front (of the body or structure)

25 Terminology  Bronch/o – bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipes to the lungs)  Bronchoscopy – visual examination of the bronchial tubes  Cervic/o – neck of the body/neck (cervix) of the uterus  Cervical – pertaining to the neck (see context)

26 Terminology  Chondr/o – cartilage  Hypochondriac Pertaining to the lateral regions of the upper abdomen beneath the lower ribs. Can also describe a person who has chronic concern about his or her health and body functions.

27  Coccyg/o – coccyx, tailbone  Coccygeal – pertaining to the coccyx  Crani/o – skull  Craniotomy – surgical incision into the skull

28 Terminology  Epitheli/o skin, surface tissue  Epithelial Pertaining to skin cells  Esophag/o esophagus (tube from the throat to the stomach)  Esophageal  Pertaining to the esophagus

29 Terminology  Hepat/o liver  Hepatitis inflammation of the liver  Lapar/o Abdomen  Laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdomen

30 Terminology  Laryng/o Larynx (voice box)  Laryngeal  Pertaining to the larynx  Later/o side  Lateral  Pertaining to the side

31 Terminology  Lumb/o Loin (waist)  Lumbar  Pertaining to the loins Part of the back and sides between the chest and the hip.  Lymph/o  Lymph (clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels)  Lymphocyte  White blood cell that is found within lymph and lymph nodes.  Example: T cells and B cells

32 Terminology  Mediastin/o Mediastinum ( space between the lungs )  Mediastinal  Pelv/o Pelvis (bones of the hip)  Pelvic

33 Terminology  Peritone/o Peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)  Peritoneal  Pharyng/o Pharynx  Pharyngeal

34 Terminology  Pleur/o Pleura Membrane surrounding the lungs.  Pleuritis  Inflammation of the pleura.  Posteri/o Back/Behind  Posterior

35 Terminology  Sacr/o  Sacrum (five fused bones in the lower back)  Spin/o  Spine (backbone)  Spinal

36 Terminology  Thorac/o Chest  Thoracotomy  Incision of the chest  Thoracic  Pertaining to the chest  Trache/o Trachea  Tracheotomy opening of the windpipe.

37 Terminology  Vertebr/o  Vertebra (backbone)  Vertebral


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