B. Spinal Cavity extends from the cranial cavity to the end of the vertebral column protects the spinal cord.
II. Ventral Body Cavity The diaphragm divides this cavity into: A. Thoracic Cavity- a superior cavity in the chest. B. Abdominopelvic Cavity- an inferior cavity containing the organs of the abdomen and the pelvis.
Body Cavities Provide moist, internal spaces that allow expansion and prevent friction. Viscera: organs that project into the cavities.
How do the body cavities protect organs? Serous membranes line the walls of the cavities and cover the surface of the organs. Membranes secrete a fluid (serous fluid) that reduces friction within the cavity.
Naming the Two Layers Visceral- the layer of membrane that covers the organ. Parietal- the layer of membrane that lines the cavity. Both layers secrete a fluid that fills the space between.
Ventral Body Cavity Surrounds respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, reproductive
B. Abdominopelvic Cavity Divided into: 1. Abdominal Cavity- superior; from diaphragm to lowest vertebra. 2. Pelvic Cavity- inferior to the above; pelvic bones form wall and muscles form its floor.
Abdominal Cavity Lined by a serous membrane- peritoneum which protects the liver, stomach, spleen, small intestine and most of the large intestine. Kidneys are retroperitoneal- behind the peritoneum.
Peritoneum Two membranes: 1. Visceral Peritoneum- covers the organs. 2. Parietal Peritoneum- lines the abdominopelvic cavity. 3. Peritoneal Cavity- is the fluid-filled space between.
Pelvic Cavity Inferior portion of the abdominopelvic cavity. Contains the last segments of large intestine, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs. Only the most superior organs in the pelvic cavity are covered in peritoneum (uterus, uterine tubes, ovaries, and bladder.