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ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 4 berate maudlin estrange regress euphoric relinquish impetuous ubiquitous infalliblezenith

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 berate Berate means A. to disappoint. B. to neglect. C. to scold angrily. Nick’s mother often berates him. And when she isn’t yelling at him, she ignores him. Vanessa can accept reasonable criticism, but she was upset when her boss berated her loudly in front of everyone else in the office. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Berate means A. to disappoint. B. to neglect. C. to scold angrily. Nick’s mother often berates him. And when she isn’t yelling at him, she ignores him. Vanessa can accept reasonable criticism, but she was upset when her boss berated her loudly in front of everyone else in the office. The words yelling at him suggest that berate means “to scold angrily.” In contrast with reasonable criticism, Vanessa’s boss scolded her angrily. 1 berate – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 estrange – verb Estrange means A. to frighten. B. to drive away. C. to dislike. My cousin’s recent moodiness has estranged some of his old friends. After his divorce, Gavin didn’t want to estrange his children, so he called and visited them often.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Estrange means A. to frighten. B. to drive away. C. to dislike. My cousin’s recent moodiness has estranged some of his old friends. After his divorce, Gavin didn’t want to estrange his children, so he called and visited them often. The cousin’s moodiness would drive away his friends. Gavin would frequently call and visit his children in order not to drive them away. 2 estrange – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 euphoric – adjective Euphoric means A. very happy. B. boastful. C. sentimental. I was euphoric when I received my grades. To my amazement and joy, they were all A’s and B’s. Nikki is euphoric today, and it’s easy to see why she’s in such high spirits. She’s just gotten the lead role in our school’s production of Beauty and the Beast. Euphoric members of a winning handball team Photo: Steindy

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Euphoric means A. very happy. B. boastful. C. sentimental. I was euphoric when I received my grades. To my amazement and joy, they were all A’s and B’s. Nikki is euphoric today, and it’s easy to see why she’s in such high spirits. She’s just gotten the lead role in our school’s production of Beauty and the Beast. The word joy suggests that euphoric means “very happy.” In the second item, the words in such high spirits tell you that euphoric means “very happy.” 3 euphoric – adjective Euphoric members of a winning handball team Photo: Steindy

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Whenever I make an impetuous purchase, I end up being dissatisfied: the shoes aren’t comfortable, the shirt is the wrong color, the jacket costs too much. From now on, I intend to think more carefully before I buy. Children tend to be impetuous and often don’t think about the consequences of their actions. For instance, they’ll throw snowballs at passing cars without worrying about possibly causing an accident. 4 impetuous Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impetuous means A. impulsive. B. considerate. C. imaginative. – adjective

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impetuous means A. impulsive. B. considerate. C. imaginative. The words think more carefully tell you that impetuous means the opposite—“impulsive.” In the second item, the words don’t think about the consequences tell you that impetuous means “impulsive.” Whenever I make an impetuous purchase, I end up being dissatisfied: the shoes aren’t comfortable, the shirt is the wrong color, the jacket costs too much. From now on, I intend to think more carefully before I buy. Children tend to be impetuous and often don’t think about the consequences of their actions. For instance, they’ll throw snowballs at passing cars without worrying about possibly causing an accident. 4 impetuous – adjective

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Infallible means A. perfect. B. imperfect. C. everywhere. 5 infallible – adjective Computers aren’t infallible. If you put the wrong data into a computer, you’ll get wrong answers. A sign over my sister’s desk reads, “I’m infallible. I never make misteaks.”

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Infallible means A. perfect. B. imperfect. C. everywhere. Computers aren’t infallible. If you put the wrong data into a computer, you’ll get wrong answers. A sign over my sister’s desk reads, “I’m infallible. I never make misteaks.” Since computers can give wrong answers, they are not perfect. In the second item, the fact that the word mistakes is spelled incorrectly on the sister’s sign shows that she is not perfect. 5 infallible – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Maudlin means A. short. B. comical. C. overly emotional. The verses in greeting cards are often far too sentimental. I prefer humor to such maudlin messages. The authors of maudlin soap operas must feel that they haven’t done their job unless viewers are crying by the end of each show. 6 maudlin – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Maudlin means A. short. B. comical. C. overly emotional. The verses in greeting cards are often far too sentimental. I prefer humor to such maudlin messages. The authors of maudlin soap operas must feel that they haven’t done their job unless viewers are crying by the end of each show. The words far too sentimental suggest that maudlin means “overly emotional.” In the second item, if the viewers are supposed to be crying by the end of each show, the soap operas must be overly emotional. 6 maudlin – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Regress means A. to go backward. B. to reach a high point. C. to act hastily. When his baby sister was born, seven-year-old Jeremy regressed for a while and began sucking his thumb again. Adolescents under stress sometimes regress to childish ways: dependency, temper tantrums, and silliness. 7 regress – verb

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Regress means A. to go backward. B. to reach a high point. C. to act hastily. When his baby sister was born, seven-year-old Jeremy regressed for a while and began sucking his thumb again. Adolescents under stress sometimes regress to childish ways: dependency, temper tantrums, and silliness. If seven-year-old Jeremy began sucking his thumb again, he had gone backwards and become less mature. Adolescents would have to go backward to start acting childishly again. 7 regress – verb

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Relinquish means A. to buy. B. to give up. C. to enjoy. No beer is allowed in the “family area” of the stadium, so fans must relinquish their six-packs at the gate before they take their seats. Donna had to relinquish her share in the beach house because she couldn’t afford it anymore. 8 relinquish – verb “I’ll relinquish your chair if you’ll get me my dinner!”

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Relinquish means A. to buy. B. to give up. C. to enjoy. No beer is allowed in the “family area” of the stadium, so fans must relinquish their six-packs at the gate before they take their seats. Donna had to relinquish her share in the beach house because she couldn’t afford it anymore. Since no beer is allowed, fans have to give up their six-packs at the gate. Since Donna couldn’t afford her share, she had to give it up. “I’ll relinquish your chair if you’ll get me my dinner!” 8 relinquish – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ubiquitous means A. scarce. B. newly discovered. C. found everywhere. Mites are ubiquitous. They live on top of Mt. Everest, in the depths of the ocean, at the South Pole, and even around the roots of your hairs. We postponed our plan to drive home on Sunday because a dense fog was ubiquitous. It covered the entire town. 9 ubiquitous – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ubiquitous means A. scarce. B. newly discovered. C. found everywhere. Mites are ubiquitous. They live on top of Mt. Everest, in the depths of the ocean, at the South Pole, and even around the roots of your hairs. We postponed our plan to drive home on Sunday because a dense fog was ubiquitous. It covered the entire town. Because mites live in all of the places listed, they are found everywhere. If the dense fog covered the entire town, it was found everywhere. 9 ubiquitous – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Zenith means A. an end. B. an earlier condition. C. the highest point. 10 zenith Florence reached the zenith of her career when she became president of Ace Products. At age 50, my uncle is afraid that he has already passed the zenith of his life; but at age 52, my father thinks the best is yet to come. – noun

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Zenith means A. an end. B. an earlier condition. C. the highest point. Florence reached the zenith of her career when she became president of Ace Products. At age 50, my uncle is afraid that he has already passed the zenith of his life; but at age 52, my father thinks the best is yet to come. Becoming the president of the company would be the highest point of Florence’s career. In contrast with the father thinking the best is yet to come, the uncle is afraid he’s passed the highest point of his life. 10 zenith – noun

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith 2.To many people, Mozart’s works represent the __________ of eighteenth-century music. 1.People in bombed-out, war-torn cities sometimes ________ to more primitive ways of life.

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.To many people, Mozart’s works represent the __________ of eighteenth-century music. 1.People in bombed-out, war-torn cities sometimes ________ to more primitive ways of life. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith regress zenith Living in a bombed-out, war-torn city could force people to return to a more primitive way of life. Some people consider Mozart’s works the peak of eighteenth-century music.

25 4.When Dad lost his job, he had to _________ his identification card, his employee parking permit, and the key to his desk. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Kay used to be friendly, but since her promotion, she has become so cold that she has _______(e)d former coworkers. 3.Mei Lin was __________ when the college that was her first choice accepted her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith

26 4.When Dad lost his job, he had to _________ his identification card, his employee parking permit, and the key to his desk. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Kay used to be friendly, but since her promotion, she has become so cold that she has __________ former coworkers. 3.Mei Lin was __________ when the college that was her first choice accepted her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith euphoric relinquish estranged Mei Lin would be overjoyed at being accepted by her first-choice college. Since Dad was no longer working for the company, he had to surrender those items. By becoming very cold, Kay would alienate her former coworkers.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.“I know I was late,” Liz said, “but you could have pointed it out quietly. You didn’t have to __________ me.” 6.“I don’t expect you to be ________,” the boss said, “but I don’t want you to make the same mistakes over and over.” Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.“I know I was late,” Liz said, “but you could have pointed it out quietly. You didn’t have to __________ me.” 6.“I don’t expect you to be ________,” the boss said, “but I don’t want you to make the same mistakes over and over.” Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith infallible berate If the boss expects a person to make some mistakes, she does not expect the employee to be perfect. Instead of pointing out Liz’s lateness quietly, the person criticized her harshly.

29 9.Uncle Antonio becomes __________ when he talks about his dear old mother in Italy. Tears also come to the eyes of all who listen. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.In our neighborhood, litter is __________—the sidewalks are ankle-deep in trash. We need a cleanup campaign. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith 10.Joyce isn’t usually __________, but last week she had a sudden urge to try out her nephew’s skateboard. Everyone in the office has already signed the cast on her broken wrist.

30 9.Uncle Antonio becomes __________ when he talks about his dear old mother in Italy. Tears also come to the eyes of all who listen. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.In our neighborhood, litter is __________—the sidewalks are ankle-deep in trash. We need a cleanup campaign. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. berateB. estrangeC. euphoricD. impetuousE.infallible F. maudlinG. regressH. relinquishI. ubiquitousJ.zenith If the sidewalks are ankle-deep in trash, litter must be everywhere. If Antonio makes everyone cry, he must be tearfully sentimental. If Joyce acted on a sudden urge, she must have been impulsive. impetuous maudlin ubiquitous


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