Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Three: Chapter 17 defer inevitable endeavor malicious equate option impose passive indignantpatron

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 defer Defer means A. to object. B. to give in. C. to want. The children showed great respect for their grandmother and deferred to her every wish. When it comes to fixing cars, I defer to my brother’s judgment. He knows much more about auto mechanics than I do. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Defer means A. to object. B. to give in. C. to want. The children showed great respect for their grandmother and deferred to her every wish. When it comes to fixing cars, I defer to my brother’s judgment. He knows much more about auto mechanics than I do. One way for the children to show their respect is to give in to their grandmother’s every wish. If the brother knows more about auto mechanics, it makes sense to give in to his judgment on fixing cars. 1 defer – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 endeavor – verb Endeavor means A. to try. B. to pretend. C. to step aside. Becky endeavored to raise money for Christmas presents by selling candy and cookies door to door. Your company would be wise to hire Jesse. He will endeavor to do his best at whatever jobs you give him.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Endeavor means A. to try. B. to pretend. C. to step aside. Becky endeavored to raise money for Christmas presents by selling candy and cookies door to door. Your company would be wise to hire Jesse. He will endeavor to do his best at whatever jobs you give him. Selling candy and cookies is a way to try to raise money. If the company would be wise to hire Jesse, it must be because he will try to do his best. 2 endeavor – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 equate – verb Equate means A. to exchange. B. to consider to be the same. C. to enjoy. It would be a mistake to equate the two teams just because they both have perfect records. One team has played much stronger opponents. Don’t equate all homework assignments with busywork. Homework can increase one’s understanding of a subject.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Equate means A. to exchange. B. to consider to be the same. C. to enjoy. It would be a mistake to equate the two teams just because they both have perfect records. One team has played much stronger opponents. Don’t equate all homework assignments with busywork. Homework can increase one’s understanding of a subject. If one team has played much stronger opponents, it would be a mistake to say the two teams are equal (the same). A homework assignment that increases one’s understanding cannot be considered the same as busywork. 3 equate – verb

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Our neighbor pounded on our door as we were sitting down to eat. “I’m sorry to impose on you during dinner,” he said, “but I need to borrow a fire extinguisher.” Roy is always asking favors, yet people never seem to notice how much he imposes on them. 4 impose Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impose means A. to selfishly bother. B. to improve. C. to spy. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Our neighbor pounded on our door as we were sitting down to eat. “I’m sorry to impose on you during dinner,” he said, “but I need to borrow a fire extinguisher.” Roy is always asking favors, yet people never seem to notice how much he imposes on them. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impose means A. to selfishly bother. B. to improve. C. to spy. The neighbor apologizes for bothering the family during dinner. If Roy is always asking favors, he is selfishly bothering people. 4 impose – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indignant means A. angry. B. patient. C. amused. 5 indignant – adjective My mother becomes indignant when she sees parents treat their children with disrespect. When she was falsely accused of stealing a classmate’s gold chain, the student became very indignant.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indignant means A. angry. B. patient. C. amused. My mother becomes indignant when she sees parents treat their children with disrespect. When she was falsely accused of stealing a classmate’s gold chain, the student became very indignant. Seeing parents treat their children with disrespect would make the mother angry. Being falsely accused of theft would make the student angry. 5 indignant – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inevitable means A. unlikely. B. surprising. C. unavoidable. I am such a chocoholic that if you put a brownie in front of me, it is inevitable that I will eat it. We try so hard to look and stay young, but aging is inevitable. 6 inevitable – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inevitable means A. unlikely. B. surprising. C. unavoidable. I am such a chocoholic that if you put a brownie in front of me, it is inevitable that I will eat it. We try so hard to look and stay young, but aging is inevitable. Being a chocoholic would make eating the brownie unavoidable. Aging is unavoidable. 6 inevitable – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Malicious means A. mean. B. ambitious. C. common. Bullies are malicious—they take pleasure in hurting others. Raquel loves malicious gossip. The more spiteful it is, the more she likes it, and the more likely she is to repeat it. 7 malicious – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Malicious means A. mean. B. ambitious. C. common. Bullies are malicious—they take pleasure in hurting others. Raquel loves malicious gossip. The more spiteful it is, the more she likes it, and the more likely she is to repeat it. Someone who takes pleasure in hurting others is mean. Rachel likes mean gossip. The word spiteful is a clue. 7 malicious – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Option means A. an opinion. B. an advantage. C. a choice. When my overweight uncle was told, “Stop eating so much or you’ll have a heart attack within five years,” he didn’t like either option. Noah thinks a multiple-choice test allows him to choose more than one option. 8 option – noun

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Option means A. an opinion. B. an advantage. C. a choice. When my overweight uncle was told, “Stop eating so much or you’ll have a heart attack within five years,” he didn’t like either option. Noah thinks a multiple-choice test allows him to choose more than one option. The uncle was given the choice of stopping eating so much or having a heart attack. In the second item, the words choice and choose suggest the meaning of option. 8 option – noun

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Passive means A. insincere. B. inactive. C. flexible. Taylor is very passive. He waits for things to happen instead of making them happen. Students learn more when they take part in class discussions instead of simply being passive listeners. 9 passive – adjective A passive dog

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Passive means A. insincere. B. inactive. C. flexible. Taylor is very passive. He waits for things to happen instead of making them happen. Students learn more when they take part in class discussions instead of simply being passive listeners. If Taylor simply waits for things to happen, he is inactive. In the second item, being an inactive listener is contrasted with taking part in discussions. 9 passive – adjective A passive dog

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Patron means A. an advertiser. B. an owner. C. a customer. 10 patron The punk-rock star was a good patron of the beauty shop. She came in at least once a week to change her hair color. Many of the diner’s patrons were stagehands who worked at the theater across the street. – noun Patrons at an outdoor café

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Patron means A. an advertiser. B. an owner. C. a customer. The punk-rock star was a good patron of the beauty shop. She came in at least once a week to change her hair color. Many of the diner’s patrons were stagehands who worked at the theater across the street. If the star came into the beauty shop to change her hair color, she was a customer of the shop. The stagehands were customers of the diner. 10 patron – noun Patrons at an outdoor café

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron 2.I have only two _________s at work: I can do what my boss asks, or I can be fired. 1.When rats are crowded together, it’s __________ they will fight with each other.

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.I have only two __________ at work: I can do what my boss asks, or I can be fired. 1.When rats are crowded together, it’s __________ they will fight with each other. inevitable options If rats are crowded together, it is unavoidable that they will fight. The only choices at work are to do what the boss asks or be fired. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron

25 4.Mort isn’t a(n) _________ football fan. He actively participates by jumping out of his seat and yelling until he’s hoarse. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.I was the store’s most loyal __________ until new management raised the prices, and then I started shopping elsewhere. 3.In our society, we too often __________ happiness with money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron

26 4.Mort isn’t a ____________ football fan. He actively participates by jumping out of his seat and yelling until he’s hoarse. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.I was the store’s most loyal __________ until new management raised the prices, and then I started shopping elsewhere. 3.In our society, we too often __________ happiness with money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron equate passive patron We too often consider happiness and money to be the same. A fan who jumps and yells is not inactive. The word actively is a clue. If the person used to shop at the store, he or she was a loyal customer.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Heidi is so __________ that she makes up lies to ruin other people’s reputations. 7.“I don’t want to __________ on you,” Scott said, “but if you’re going to the post office, would you get me some stamps?” Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Heidi is so __________ that she makes up lies to ruin other people’s reputations. 7.“I don’t want to __________ on you,” Scott said, “but if you’re going to the post office, would you get me some stamps?” Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron malicious impose Someone who makes up lies to ruin the reputations of others is mean. Scott does not want to take unfair advantage by asking the person to get stamps for him.

29 9.Our instructor doesn’t expect us to __________ to his opinions just because he’s the teacher; he wants us to think for ourselves. 10.Many climbers who have _________(e)d to reach the top of Mount Everest have died on the way. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.When his wife accused him of never helping around the house, Mac was __________. Hadn’t he just built a deck off the kitchen? Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron

30 9.Our instructor doesn’t expect us to __________ to his opinions just because he’s the teacher; he wants us to think for ourselves. 10.Many climbers who have ____________ to reach the top of Mount Everest have died on the way. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.When his wife accused him of never helping around the house, Mac was __________. Hadn’t he just built a deck off the kitchen? Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. deferB. endeavorC. equateD. imposeE.indignant F. inevitableG. maliciousH. optionI. passiveJ.patron indignant defer endeavored If Mac just built the deck, he’d be angry at his wife’s accusation. If the instructor wants them to think for themselves, he wouldn’t expect them to give in to his opinions. Mountain climbers would attempt to reach the top of Mount Everest.


Download ppt "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google