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Autocratic Bureaucratic Charismatic Democratic or participative Laissez-faire People-oriented Servant Task-oriented 3 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
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Authoritarian Leadership (Autocratic) Authoritarian leaders provide clear expectations for what needs to be done, when it should be done, and how it should be done. There is also a clear division between the leader and the followers. Authoritarian leaders make decisions independently with little or no input from the rest of the group. Researchers found that decision-making was less creative under authoritarian leadership. Lewin also found that it is more difficult to move from an authoritarian style to a democratic style than vice versa. Abuse of this style is usually viewed as controlling, bossy, and dictatorial. Authoritarian leadership is best applied to situations where there is little time for group decision-making or where the leader is the most knowledgeable member of the group. 14 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Think about your educational classroom experiences. Have you experienced the Authoritarian classroom/teacher? How well did the class function? How well did you perform grade-wise in that class? Did this style work for you? Why or why not? 15 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Participative Leadership (Democratic) Lewin’s study found that participative (democratic) leadership is generally the most effective leadership style. Democratic leaders offer guidance to group members, but they also participate in the group and allow input from other group members. In Lewin’s study, children in this group were less productive than the members of the authoritarian group, but their contributions were of a much higher quality. Participative leaders encourage group members to participate, but retain the final say over the decision-making process. Group members feel engaged in the process and are more motivated and creative. 16 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Think about your educational classroom experiences. Have you experienced the Participative or Democratic classroom/teacher? How well did the class function? How well did you perform grade-wise in that class? Did this style work for you? Why or why not? 17 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Delegative Leadership (Laissez-Faire) Researchers founds that children under delegative (laissez-fair) leadership were the least productive of all three groups. The children in this group also made more demands on the leader, showed little cooperation, and were unable to work independently. Delegative leaders offer little or no guidance to group members and leave decision-making up to group members. While this style can be effective in situations where group members are highly qualified in an area of expertise, it often leads to poorly defined roles and a lack of motivation. 18 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Think about your educational classroom experiences. Have you experienced the Delegative or Laissez-Faire classroom/teacher? How well did the class function? How well did you perform grade wise in that class? Did this style work for you? Why or why not? 19 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
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Lets take a test. Lets take some online tests to see what your leadership style(s) are. Are they 100% accurate = no but they point you in the right direction and get you thinking about this. 21 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
What type do you think you are? I really like this 30-question quiz made by and offered free for use by Robert M. Galford and Regina Fazio Maruca. They believe there are six Leadership Styles. Take the test and lets see if you agree with the results. – t/assessment.php t/assessment.php 22 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Ambassador Ambassadors instinctively know how to handle a variety of situations with grace. They tend to be the people diffusing nasty situations. The ones getting involved in conflicts on behalf of broad constituencies, as opposed to for their own benefit. They are apt to be persistent in a gentle way -- to be persuasive and at the same time respectful. An Ambassador, for example, might be someone who can introduce a whole host of people-assessment and development frameworks with the result that employees understand and accept the new order easily. 23 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Advocate Advocates instinctively act as the spokesperson in a group. They tend to be articulate, rational, logical, and persuasive. They also tend to be relentless (in the positive sense of the word), championing ideas or strategic positions. Advocates tend to use both linear and non-linear approaches when they argue a point. Top managers who are natural Ambassadors may do very well at navigating through rough waters. But for Advocates, being in rough waters is part of the reason they revel in their work. (Many Advocates tend to see things in black and white only. Advocates very often need Ambassadors on their senior management teams -- to help them temper their messages and persuade employees to “buy into” their decisions.) 24 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
People Mover Think: Talent-spotter, career-builder, motivator, someone with parental, nurturing qualities. People Movers instinctively take the lead in building teams. They’re also instinctive mentors. They generally have large contact lists; they are always introducing new people to new ideas and new paths. They’re also generally mindful of their employees’ lives outside of work; they view performance through the larger lens of potential. There is a certain “holiday card joy” that comes with being a People Mover; when people continue to update you on their progress because they know you’ll care, even if you have nothing in common with them and are effectively out of touch with them, you know you’re a People Mover. 25 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Truth-Seeker Think: fairness, good judgment, equalizer, level-headed, process- oriented, scrupulous neutrality, objectivity is the high standard. This is the only role for which there is a “prerequisite”; Truth-Seekers are unfailingly competent in their field; their competence is unquestioned. Truth-Seekers instinctively level the playing field for those in need. They also help people understand new rules and policies. They act to preserve the integrity of processes. They try to identify the root- cause issues, or pivotal issues. They also step in to ensure the just and fair outcome if the process has failed to yield the same. Successful individuals in the Human Resources function are generally natural Truth-Seekers. Truth-Seekers also tend to gravitate towards line-manager positions. 26 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Creative Builder These individuals are visionaries and entrepreneurs – they are happiest and most driven at the start of things. They instinctively: see new opportunities for new products, new companies; spot niche markets; take ideas and make them real. They’re also often “serial entrepreneurs” over time, even if they remain in one leadership post. Creative Builders instinctively understand that building is not necessarily about invention, but about process of making an invention real. Builders are constantly energized by new ideas, yet they have the staying power to see them through to fruition. The issue is rarely simply the idea; builders aren’t “Hey Dave, what’s your latest scheme?” people. Builders are fascinated with implementation. Real estate developers are often “builders” in this way (beyond the obvious connection); they feel most rewarded when a project gets underway, or is newly completed. Builders sometimes get into trouble if they remain in one place for too long. There are case studies, too numerous to mention, of entrepreneurs whose legacies are negative because they became enmeshed in the day-to-day operations of the companies they created, and didn’t know when it was time to leave. Builders can successfully remain in a single leadership position only if they figure out how to feed their own need for new projects. Here’s an equation to try on yourself if you identify with the role of builder: Strength of belief in end result + Ability to tolerate the process = Creative Builder 27 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Experienced Guide The term “Experienced Guide” conjures up an image of someone very old and wrinkled, with the experience that comes with age. That’s not incorrect, but Experienced Guides don’t have to be old, or necessarily experienced. What they do have to have is an ability to listen, and to put themselves in others’ shoes. They have a way of helping people think through their own problems; they are natural therapists. Often, they are seemingly bottomless wells of information on a diverse range of topics. These are the people who can always be counted on to supply the right quotation or the right historical connection. They are not necessarily mediators, yet the experienced guide is often the person who finds him or herself “in the middle,” with people on both sides of a conflict seeking advice. When a corporate meeting has been particularly stressful or fraught with conflict, the “post-meeting, closed-door meeting” often takes place in the Wise One’s office. Remember the “family lawyer” of old? The person, outside of the family, who knew (and kept) all the family secrets, and was often sought for advice? The experienced guide role naturally lends itself today to the position of minister, counselor, trusted advisor. Renato Tagiuri, emeritus professor at the Harvard Business School, noted that natural “experienced guides” are often found one level down from the top in organizations. They get their greatest satisfaction helping others get through the day and helping others see the bigger picture. They empathize. 28 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
My results are as follows…. For example my scores are: – 22 advocate – 21 People Mover & Truth-Seeker – 19 Ambassador – 18 Creative Builder & Experienced Guide Do you think that this is a true statement or result for me? 29 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
How does Robert M. Galford and Regina Fazio Maruca Six Leadership Styles Compare to the traditional 8 Types? See if you can tell which of the 8 Traditional Styles is most common and which one is not even listed. 30 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Robert M. Galford and Regina Fazio Maruca Six Leadership Styles Ambassador Advocate People Mover Truth Seeker Creative Builder Experienced Guide Traditional 8 styles that they relate to People Oriented & Charismatic People Oriented & Task Oriented Charismatic & People Oriented People Oriented & Democratic Task Oriented & sometimes evolve into or become Beaurcratic Servant & People Orientated 31 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
What were your results? For example my scores are: – Ambassador = – Advocate = – Creative Builder = – Experienced Guide = – People Mover = – Truth-Seeker = Do you think that this is a true statement or result for you? 32 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Tomorrow what are we doing? We will be electing class officers according to Roberts Rules of Order. I want you to read the officer positions available and you will write today, telling me what position(s) you want to run for and why. YES, you must apply for at least one! 33 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
Work Cited /leadstyles.htm /leadstyles.htm html html 34 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.
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