38.1 Leadership Qualities Managing and Leading Others Leadership means taking a company and its employees in a direction based upon a vision.Leaders see the big picture.True leaders know their business and the capabilities of their employees.Analyze current trends.Steer their business in the right direction.Some managers may not be leaders, but visionaries and or inspire others.Make sure the basic operations of a business are running smoothly.Make sure office duties are done.Handling record management.Plan, organize, and run meetings.Must be motivated, confident, communicate well, and be a person of integrity.
4Motivation 3 components: 1)Inspiring Others-Ability to motivate others 2)Initiative-ability to act and make decisions without help or advice of others, do not wait to be told what to do, taking risks3)Having a goal and being motivated by a vision
5ConfidenceLeaders need self-confidence, knowing what to do and taking action.Self assurance makes others feel confident in their leader.Confident leaders are decisive, making the final decision.
6Communication SkillsHuman relations-study how people interact in the workplace and how communication can be improved.Human Relations Department-employee hiring, records, and problems.Mentoring-a trusted counselor or guide. Usually have more experience than the people there are counseling.As mentors, leaders can better understand their employees and their needs. Important with teams and productivity.
7IntegrityIntegrity is an adherence to a code of ethical values such as honesty, loyalty, and fairness.Integrity is the most highly valued quality of a leader.
8How Good Are Your Communication Skills? 1. People usually understand what I am saying?2. I find it easy to see things from someone else’s point of view.3. I listen actively to keep my mind from drifting.4. When I am wrong, I am not afraid to admit it.5. I rarely jump to conclusions.6. I try to put myself in the other person’s shoes when we are talking.7. It helps me understand if people tell me that they disagree with me.8. When I work with others, I try to do my fair share of the work.
9Developing Leadership Skills Leaders are born not made??????Charisma alone does not make a leader.Leadership qualities are learned through knowledge and experience. Skills can be learned:Through reading books, watching videos, and taking courses on leadership.By working with someone who has leadership ability and studying what he or she does.By joining a club, a team, a drama group, or a community organization.By taking initiative at school, at work, or in a club.
11Autocratic Leadership One person runs everything and makes all decisions without consulting others.They expect them to be obeyed without question.Assume others must have decisions made for them.Assume workers have to be watched all the time.People do not like to work for them.Autocratic leadership is useful in situations in which it is important to obey orders without questions.FirefightersCombat TroopsPolice Officers
12Democratic Leadership Managers work with employees to make decisions.Everyone meets, discusses a situation, and listens to each others opinions.New ideas are encouraged.They make the final decisions, but they might explain their reasons.
13Free-Rein LeadershipLeaders set goals for managers and employees and then leave them alone to get the job done.Trust and confidence in the workers.Hands-off leadership.Leaders must be available to answer questions and resolve problems.Delegating.
14Reasons to Delegate: The managers do not have time to do everything. The managers can focus on more important work.Employees have more ownership of the production process.Employees have a chance to develop their own potential.
15Thirty to forty years ago, autocratic leadership was the main style of leadership used in most of the United States. As companies learned the value of giving employees more power, they started changing to a more democratic style.
16Self-Managed Teams Started in Japan Came to the US in the 1980’s. Work groups that supervise themselves.Managers role is replaced by the team leader’s role.Leader is a team player rather than a boss.Makes decisions with the team rather than alone.Team leader learns a range of jobs instead of just one.
17Organization of Self-Managed Teams 1)the team selects one team leader (team captain)2)each team member employs specialized skillsAdvantages:More goal-oriented than task-orientedTeam members have a chance to learn each other’s job and obtain new skillsTeam members learn to participate and cooperateTeams learn to solve their own problemsDisadvantages:Some people do not have the skills and iniative to work together productively