Presentation on theme: "Today’s Warm Up Answer on your warm up/exit ticket sheet: What do you think is the poorest country in the world and why do you think they’re struggling."— Presentation transcript:
Today’s Warm Up Answer on your warm up/exit ticket sheet: What do you think is the poorest country in the world and why do you think they’re struggling economically? Take out your class notes.
Today’s LEQ: Why and how did European powers claim land in Africa?
Main Idea In the late 1800s and early 1900s, European powers claimed land in much of Africa By 1914, only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent This period became known as the “Scramble for Africa”
Why “Scramble for Africa”? Economic Interests Slave trade abolished; looked for raw materials instead Political Competition Imperialism in Africa reflected struggles for power in Europe Cultural Motives European imperialists felt superior to non-European peoples Social Darwinism ○ “I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race… What an alteration there would be if they [Africas] were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence.” – Cecil Rhodes, Confession of Faith, 1877
Scientific Advances and Imperialism Scientific advances made traveling in and controlling Africa easier The drug Quinine protected against malaria Modern weapons & transportation
Suez Canal In 1869, Suez Canal was completed Drastically shortened trip from Europe to Indian Ocean
Division of Africa European nations continued to compete aggressively for territories in Africa Berlin Conference held to create order and prevent conflict between European nations European leaders met in Berlin, Germany in to divide African territories For European nation to claim new African territory, it had to notify other European nations and prove its ability to control territory Paid no attention to Africans’ traditional ethnic boundaries
Africa Partition, 1897
African Resistance European troops advancing on African territory often met with resistance from local rulers and peoples Zulus resisted for more than 50 years by subduing neighboring colonies; eventually British annexed kingdom Ethiopia matched European firepower by building up modern military
African Resistance Even without modern weapons, other Africans still fiercely resisted European powers French West African leader, Toure, fought against the French for 15 years; eventually caught and defeated by France In German East Africa, spiritual leader encouraged followers to use magic water as protection; rebellion quickly put down by the Germans
Web Quest: Scramble for Africa com com Click on “Scramble for Africa” You may work individually or with one other person. Please save all work to the shared drive under the title “Scramble for Africa.” Finish up your Museum Exhibit Activity once you’re done.
Today’s Exit Ticket Answer on your warm up/exit ticket sheet: Use the word “Africa” to summarize what we covered today in an acrostic poem. A – F – R – I – C – A -
Today’s Warm Up Answer on your warm up/exit ticket sheet: Why do some countries have an abundance of wealth and riches while others have remained poor for most of their history?
Guns, Germs, and Steel – Episode 1 Focus Question: Why were Europeans the ones to conquer so much of our planet? (Why not the Chinese, the Incans, Africans, etc.?) Take notes as you watch the documentary and be prepared to answer this question in paragraph form.