Presentation on theme: "Imperialism – A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and socially Capitalism – Economic system in."— Presentation transcript:
2Imperialism – A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and sociallyCapitalism – Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profitNationalism – The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation – that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and a history, rather than to a king or ruler.
3The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire Examine the map below and then decide in your groups what the title means.
4Berlin Conference14 European nations met at the Berlin Conference inThe purpose was to lay down rules for the division of Africa.European nations could claim land in Africa by notifying other nations and showing they could control the area.No African leaders were invited to the conference.
8Cultural Motives Cultural Motives Rule Justified In addition to practical matters of economics and politics, the new imperialism was motivated by cultural attitudes.European imperialists felt superior to non-European peoplesSome began to argue humanity divided into distinct peoples, racesClaimed biological differences existed between racesRacist view—people of European descent superior to people of African, Asian descentCultural MotivesAs result, some Europeans believed rule in Africa justifiedTeaching Africans good governmentSome imperialists believed actions noble, their duty to educate those considered inferiorReferred to their influence in Africa as “the white man’s burden,” after poem by Rudyard KiplingRule Justified
9Justification Darwin Social Darwinism Cecil Rhodes Defenders of imperialism often applied Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection to struggle between nations, racesDarwin argued species more fit for environment will survive, reproduceSocial DarwinismSocial Darwinism notion stated certain nations, races more fit than othersSocial Darwinists believed “fit” nations came to rule over “less fit” nations, often showed discrimination against citizens of ruled nationsCecil RhodesSocial Darwinism advocate Cecil Rhodes, “I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better…”Believed British-built railway would bring benefits of civilization to all Africans
10Find the Main IdeaWhat were some reasons that European powers scrambled to claim colonies in Africa?Answer(s): for their own economic interests; to compete with one another, and to teach the Africans good government, European customs, and Christian values
11African Resistance The Zulu Ethiopia Africans did not passively accept European claims to rule over them. As European troops advanced on African territory, they met stiff resistance.Zulu people resisted colonialization more than 50 yearsZulu leader Shaka built strong kingdom by subduing several neighboring peoples1879, British invaded Zulu territory, annexed kingdom as colonyThe ZuluOnly nation to retain independence by matching European firepower1889, emperor Menelik II modernized nation, army1895, Italian forces invaded over treaty disputeMenelik’s forces defeated ItaliansEthiopiaEven without modern weapons, other Africans still fiercely resisted European powers.
12French and Germans French West Africa German East Africa West Africa, leader of Malinke peoples, Samory Touré, formed army to fight against French rule; fought for 15 years; proclaimed self king of Guinea1898, French defeated Touré, ended resistance to French rule in West AfricaGerman East AfricaAfricans called on gods, ancestors for spiritual guidance in resistance1905, several African peoples united to rebel against Germans’ order to grow cotton for export to GermanyRebellion Put DownTo combat Germans, spiritual leader encouraged followers to sprinkle magic water over bodies to protect selves from German bullets; did not workRebellion quickly put down; Germans killed tens of thousands of Africans
27Sepoy’s fired a .303 caliber ammunition that had to manually loaded before firing. Loading involved biting the end of the cartridge, which was greased in pig fat and beef tallow. This presented a problem for native soldiers, as pig fat is a haraam, or forbidden, substance to Muslims, and beef fat is, likewise, deemed inauspicious for certain Hindus.
35The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 CausesNationalismTo gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade.ImperialismEconomic CompetitionEuropeansexerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized.Demand for raw materials and new markets spurs a search for colonies.Missionary SpiritEuropeans believe they must spread their Christian teachings to the world.
36The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 EffectsColonizationEuropeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.ImperialismColonial EconomicsEuropeansexerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized.Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cash-crop economies.ChristianizationChristianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia.