Presentation on theme: "2/12/2014 Bell Ringer # 9! Architecture Romans got most of their architectural ideas from the Greeks. They took their buildings and modified them."— Presentation transcript:
2/12/2014 Bell Ringer # 9!
Architecture Romans got most of their architectural ideas from the Greeks. They took their buildings and modified them into their own style. Arches, vaults and domes are what Rome is known for.
Dome The construction of the first dome was by the Romans. Domes were found in baths, villas, palaces, and tombs. They helped keep the bathing rooms temperature regulated. The largest concrete dome is the Pantheon.
This is a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome
Columns are vertical, upright pillars. Columns may provide support or simply be purely decorative.
Vault Romans were known for building very large vaults over halls. Pozzolana was an important ingredient for the sturdiness of the vault. It was a volcanic deposit that when dried it was like a metal lid.
Romans were the first builders in the world to appreciate the arch.
Arches Roman builders relied heavily on the rounded arch to span large, open areas. They mainly used arches for bridges and doorways. Romans were known for their semi-circular arch.
Triumphal Arches The triumphal arch was used to commemorate victorious generals or significant public events such as the founding of a new colony. Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome.
An vault is a tunnel-like extension of an arch. May be thought of as an unbroken series of arches pressed together.
Colosseum This amphitheater is the largest building in the world! It is located in the center of Rome. It is built of stone and concrete. Originally called the Amphitheater Flavium. It took about 10 years to build.
Colosseum Does the Colosseum have columns?
What is this?
Circus Maximus It was the first and largest stadium in Rome. It could hold 150,000 spectators. It was prone to flooding. At first, the stadium was built out of wood. Why would building something out of wood be a problem?
Circus Maximus: Today, it is just a park that holds many big events. Most of the track is buried underneath the ground from flooding.
Forum Rectangular plaza surrounded by many important government buildings. Most celebrated meeting place in the world. Made out of concrete.
Theater They were built out of stone and concrete. They originally were built out of wood. They did not have a front curtain.
Houses Inside a roman mansion you will find a many mosaics. The more mosaics, the wealthier the owners were. If they had no mosaics, it would just be colored plastered floors. Also, mansions had water piped right to them. You could tell how rich a person was by how large their pipes were. The larger the pipe, the higher their taxes.
Pipes were labeled with the manufacture name on it.
Roman Roads Developed out of military necessity. Via Appia was the first major road and it took over 100 years to build. With roads, trade flourished. All roads lead to Rome! !
Roads! A: Stone slabs B: Small stones and cement C: Large stones D: compacted dirt Ditch to drain water
Break out time!
Master of the House At each table, there are study prints, articles, and questions. Answer each question! You will be presenting them! Everyone must say something! If you finish your questions and know what you are saying, you can work on your Julius Caesar essay.
Atrium There are spouts that drain rain water into the impluvium. Where are they located and what shape are they? Would the atrium be a smart place to hide if there was a volcano eruption? Why or why not? Why do you think the deceased family members’ feet faced the door?
Atrium The spouts are located at the top of the atrium ceiling. They are shaped like lion heads. No, volcanic ash and debris would fall in and bury you! They place them like this so viewers would know they died a peaceful death.
Colosseum How many stories did the Colosseum have? What architectural structure was used in the Colosseum? How quickly could the people leave the stadium?
Colosseum It has 3 stories. They used arches and columns to build the Colosseum. They could leave within 5 minutes. There were 76 entrances!
Forum How old is this forum today? What type of buildings were in the forum? The portico is supported by _________.
Forum It is about 2,767 years old. They had temples, arches, and senate houses. They are supported by columns.
Circus Maximus When was it built? Where did the chariots start? Which side of the map? The barrier (spina) was dangerous. Why do you think?
Circus Maximus It was built in the 6 th century. The chariots started at the ostia The chariots would get pushed into the spina and their chariots were destroyed.
Roman Roads Do you think there is a better way to construct the roads? Why do you think the roads have lasted this long?
Roads Will vary- No, they had a great setup and the roads are still there today! The roads lasted so long because of the drainage system!
Theater What part of the theater remained the most unchanged by decay? When looking at the bottom print, you can see behind the stage. What purpose might those rooms serve? Are Roman theaters similar to ours today?
Theater The orchestra remained the most unchanged. Those rooms were the changing rooms. They are similar! They have stadium seating, a stage, and changing rooms!
Pantheon What architectural structure does the Pantheon have? Why is the dome so famous? How did they reduce the weight of the dome?
Pantheon It has a large dome! It was one of the largest domes created for its time! They reduced the weight by having an opening in the top of the dome!