Presentation on theme: "Ancient Roman Achievements Directions Anything with a check mark next to it, you write on your Tree Map. If there’s no check mark, you don’t have to."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Roman Achievements
Directions Anything with a check mark next to it, you write on your Tree Map. If there’s no check mark, you don’t have to write it. Just read it and listen!
Barbaric, brilliant or both? Romans were well know thieves. Although most of their ideas were stolen from other societies, Romans improved upon the stolen ideas and made them great!
Art Virgil depicted in a fresco Virgil depicted in a fresco
Rome stole Greek art and copied their art style. But Roman art was more realistic than Greek art
Mosaics- art made out of small pieces of tile or stone to form a design.
Frescoes- paintings on plaster Pompeii. Villa of the Mysteries
The Romans painted murals. These depicted everyday scenes around Rome. They also painted mythological scenes such as the heroic deeds of Hercules, Achilles, Ulysses, and Theseus.
As the Roman Empire became larger the Britons, Spanish, Carthaginians, Phoenicians, etc. mixed their art styles with the Romans styles to form many different styles throughout the Mediterranean area. Around 200 A. D. the German influence was first seen in the Roman art. At this time the art showed people suffering such as having their head cut off or their insides ripped out. The drill was invented making sculpting easier and faster. This gave the art a little different look. By the 300's A. D. Christianity influence began to show up in Roman art. The artwork had less blood and gore. Some figures were sculpted with the eyes looking towards heaven. At this time the body was less important. Sculptors took less time with the body and at times the body was not in the correct proportions.
Architecture Grandeur- being grand, the WOW! effect Arches Domes
The Roman Pantheon- temple to all the Roman gods The Roman Pantheon- temple to all the Roman gods
The Colosseum The Colosseum
The Coliseum- a blend of Greek and Roman architecture The arches are supported by central columns. The columns on the first floor are Doric. The columns on the second floor are Ionic. The columns on the third floor are Corinthian.
The glorious Arch of Triumph in Rome, Italy. Victory arches
Arches of Triumph- to celebrate military success
Engineering Aqueducts- system of pipes or channels to bring water from its source to cities.
Aqueducts- a way to carry water There wasn’t enough water in the city of Rome. The Romans brought water in from the surrounding countryside. The water was brought in by tubes called aqueducts.
Why arches? Water is heavy stuff. The Romans needed a structure strong enough to hold all that water to move it from the mountains into the city.
Where did the water go? The water was transported in concrete tunnels. The tunnels were underground if possible. Sometimes the tunnel had to go above ground.
How did the aqueduct work? The water flowed in a tube on the top of the aqueduct called a water channel. The arches supported the water channel.
What did the water channel look like? The water flowed through a rectangular channel. The channel was lined with concrete. Romans invented concrete.
How does an arch work? Keystones The keystone is the red stone at the top of the arch. The keystone is what the weight rests on.
How does an arch work? Voussoirs The semi-circular stones on either side of the keystone are the voussoirs. The voussoirs bring the weight to the columns that go to the ground.
Modern arches US Capital
Public Bath houses
Roads promoted trade. Roads promoted trade. "All roads lead to Rome." "All roads lead to Rome." The Appian Way
Bridge and dams The Roman dam at Hantes in Belgium. The thirteen small arches each have recesses for lifting cataractae (vertical lifting water doors).
Literature Latin is the root of many modern languages. Virgil wrote the Aeneid Ovid wrote the Metamorphoses
History Livy- a patriotic Roman historian Tacitus- criticized Roman emperors in his writings
Law Civil law- laws that applied to all citizens Law of Nations- laws that applied to all who lived in Rome Roman ideas helped shape Western legal systems