Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Model of Rome
CharacteristicsCharacteristics 1.During the Republic – Temple Architecture: K blended Etruscan & Greek features. K emphasis on the front of the building. K example: Temple of Fortuna Virilis.
Temple of Fortuna Virilis Temple of Fortuna Virilis
CharacteristicsCharacteristics 2.CONCRETE: K created a revolution in architectural design. K create larger, heavier buildings. * example: - The Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina.
Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina
Model of Roman Forum
Model of Trajan s Forum Forum
CharacteristicsCharacteristics 3.ARCH & VAULT: K Coliseum K Race Track – Circus Maximus K Public Baths K Amphitheaters
Triumphal Arch of Titus
Arch of Constantine
Barrel or Tunnel Vault K Windows can be placed at any point. K These vaults require buttressing to counter-act the downward thrust of weight.
Groin Vault K Also called a cross vault. K Needs less buttressing.
Multi Groin Vaults K A series of groin vaults can have open lateral arches that form Clerestories. K Windows that allow light into the interior of churches. K These concrete windows are fireproof [an important consideration since many early churches burned!]
Early Roman Amphitheater Seats about 20,000 Seats about 20,000
Theater of Marcellus
Interior of the Coliseum Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants. Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants.
Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity! 300,000 seat capacity!
Roman Bath in England
CharacteristicsCharacteristics 4.DOME: Basilicas - Large and relatively open space. - examples: Pantheon early Christian churches Basilicas - Large and relatively open space. - examples: Pantheon early Christian churches
Cylindrical Dome K With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to span space. K Light enters through the oculus on top.
The Pantheon Plans
Pantheon s Dome
The Pantheon Interior
Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini (18c) Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini (18c)
Via Appia All roads lead to Rome! All roads lead to Rome!
Aqueduct in Segovia
Roman Arch Bridge in Spain
Hadrian s Wall in Britain
Characteristics of Roman Sculpture 1. Collectors and copiers of Greek works [more idealistic]. 2. Categories: K Portrait sculpture K Statues K Paintings & mosaics K Relief sculptures 3. More realism [show the wrinkles, the bulges, and ageing!]
Roman Copy of Greek Art Original created by the Greek sculptor, Polyclitus, 5c BCE
Republican Couple Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style. Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style.
Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Nero Nero Hadrian Hadrian Marcus Aurelius Marcus Aurelius
Mosaics on a Roman Villa Floor
Base Relief Legionnaires on Trajan s Column
Roman Sarcophagus Marble base relief – Etruscan influence? Marble base relief – Etruscan influence?
House in Herculaneum
Frescoes on aVilla s Walls Frescoes on aVilla s Walls