2 Roman Art The Organizers The poet Horace noted the irony: “Conquered Greece,” he wrote. “took her rude captor captive.”Later, however, Romans put their own spin on Greek art and philosophy. Having founded the greatest empire the world had ever known, they added managerial talents: organization and efficiency. Roman art is less idealized and more intellectual than Classical Greek, more secular and functional. And, where the Greeks shined at innovation, the Romans’ forte was administration. Wherever their generals marched, they brought the civilizing influence of law and the practical benefits of roads, bridges, sewers, and aqueducts.
3 Do you recognize this picture? What do you know about the Romans?
4 ObjectivesIdentify the inspiration behind much of roman architecture and art.Identify the differences between Greek and Roman artList some of the innovations of the RomansIdentify some examples of Roman art and architecture
5 Behavioral Expectation Raise your hand to make a comment or ask a questionNo side conversations, pleaseActive listening
7 Roman ArtThe Romans became the heirs to Greek art but made important contributions of their ownShading, shadow, reflected lightPortraitureFirst to use the ArchFirst to use the concrete
8 Differences between Greek and Roman Art The Greeks preferred Idealistic portraits: the Romans wanted theirs to be realistic.Greek portraits were designed for public monuments; Roman portraits served private needs.The Romans thought the character could best be depicted through facial expressions; the Greeks thought a sculpture of a head or bust (head and shoulders) is incomplete.
10 Review Greek Idealized conformed to the perfect proportion. Roman realisticportraitGreek Idealized conformed to the perfect proportion.
11 Mural paintingWealthy Romans lived in luxurious homes with marble walls and mosaics on the floors and numerous works of artThey did not like to hang paintings on the walls so they hired artists to paint murals.A mural is a large picture painted directly on the wall.
12 Bedroom from the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor Pompeii
16 Roman Architecture Innovations The round arch was an improvement on post and lintel construction because it allowed a wider space to be bridged.An arch needs the support of another arch or wall to prevent it from collapsing, for this reason the Romans created a series of smaller arches to replace the single large archConcrete had been used in the near East for some time but the Romans were the first to make extensive use of it.The arch + concrete + large scale buildings
17 Roman arch An arch is made of a number of cut stones or bricks. Arches were constructed by holding stones in place with a wooden form until a keystone, or top stone of the arch could be placed in position
18 DomesPantheonWherever the Roman legions went, they introduced the arch and the use of concrete in architecture. With these they constructed great domes and vaults over their buildings.
19 PANTHEON Made of brick and concrete Diameter of dome is 144 feet 3 zonesthe lowest has 7 niches(recessesin the wall)next 12 signs of the zodiacthe dome represents heaven andis covered with coffers, orindented panels. The coffersreduce the weight of the wall.Well illuminated through a round opening at the top (30 ft. across)To solve the problem posed by rain the floor is raised slightly in the center/ formed shallow depression directly under the opening creates a drainage system to carry the water away.PANTHEON
20 AqueductsAqueducts demonstrate the Romans’ ability to combine engineering skills with a knowledge of architectural form.An aqueduct, a system that carried water from mountain streams into cities by using gravitational flow, was constructed by placing a series of arches next to each other so they would support each other.
22 The Barrel Vault: a series of arches. 2 types of VaultsThe Barrel Vault: a series of arches.The groin vault: two intersecting arches.
23 4 stories of stone, brick and concrete The colosseum4 stories of stone, brick and concreteHoles between pilasters for poles which supported a canvas awning to protect spectators form sun and rainTop level Corinthian pilasters , flat, rectangular columns attached to a wallCorinthian columns2nd level Ionic columnsLowest level, DoricArch on 1st 3 levels
24 Constantine Legalized Christianity Moved the Capital of Rome from Rome to Byzantium.He changed the name from Byzantium to Constantinople.
25 Baths 2.groin vault 3. Pilasters 4. Niches 5. Coffers 6. Basilica Lesson Quiz 9-2 Match each item in the left column with the correct description in the right columnA. recesses in a wallB. a heavily decorated arch used for processions after a n important victoryC. indented panelsD. a functional building made to hold large numbers of peopleE. Flat, rectangular columns attached to a wallF. a long, wide center aisle inside a basilicaG. when two barrel vaults meet at right anglesH. enclosed structures that contained libraries, lecture rooms, gymnasiums, shop, and walkwaysi. the semicircular area at the end of the nave.Baths2.groin vault3. Pilasters4. Niches5. Coffers6. Basilica7. Nave8. Apse9. triumphal arch
26 Assignment 3/20 Trace egg shape on paper Cut out HappyEaster!!!Assignment 3/20Trace egg shape on paperCut outDecorate using your choice of the following media: markers, colored pencils, water color, construction paperHow to draw sheets on rabbits, chicks, lambs, and birds available