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The Nullification Crisis Julia & Ryan History 4B.

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Presentation on theme: "The Nullification Crisis Julia & Ryan History 4B."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Nullification Crisis Julia & Ryan History 4B

2 Context ❖ From 1828 to 1834 ❖ Caused mainly by an economic downturn during the 1820’s. ❖ Affected mainly South Carolina ❖ President Andrew Jackson ❖ Two Crises ➢ Tariff of 1828 ➢ Compromise Tariff of 1832

3 Tariff of 1828 ❖ Known as the Tariff of Abomination. ❖ Approved by President John Adams on May 19,1828. ❖ Was to protect Northern and Western agricultural products from competition of foreign imports. ❖ The resulting tax on foreign goods rose the cost of living in the South. ❖ Cut into the profits of New England’s industrialists.

4 Vice President Calhoun ❖ Supported the Tariff of 1816 but changed his position if he was to have a political future in South Carolina ❖ Anonymously penned the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, articulation the doctrine of nullification. ❖ Claimed that the federal import duties were actually a tax on the Southern planters ❖ Throughout his vice presidency Calhoun found that he was politically isolated from national affairs under President Jackson. ❖ December 28,1832 he resigned as vice president.

5 Southern ❖ Linked their opposition of the tariff to a proslavery position ❖ Argued that the North intended to interfere with the institution of slavery by impoverishing the South. ❖ After Calhoun resigned his leitenutes from South carolina formed the States Rights and Free Trade Party to implement nullification. ❖ Upon Nullification South Carolina found itself isolated from the nation. ❖ Nullification crystallized South Carolina’s early ideological commitment to slavery and southern nationalism.

6 Northern ❖ Northern States stood to profit greatly from the tariff. ❖ “Their object in the tariff is to keep down foreign competition, in order to obtain a monopoly of the domestic market ….” (Calhoun). ❖ In response to the Nullification Crisis in 1828 Congress nullified the law in South Carolina. Then president Jackson signed the Compromised Tariff of 1832.

7 Jackson Nullification If video doesn’t play:

8 President Jackson ❖ Tariff passed before ❖ Valued the Union ❖ Issued Nullification Proclamation ❖ Proposed Force Bill

9 Force Bill of 1833 ❖ “Bloody Bill” ❖ Developed by Congress ❖ Gave power to enforce law

10 Compromise ❖ Tariff of 1832 failed to pass ❖ Tariff of 1833 (Clay’s Compromise) ➢ Nullified Force Bill ➢ Gradually decreased Tariff ❖ Not liked by Southerners

11 Southern Media Cartoon drawn during the nullification controversy showing the manufacturing North getting fat at Southern expense. Credit: Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

12 Crisis to War ❖ South Carolina willing to leave ❖ More political tension and division

13 Works Cited Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Nullification Crisis" StudyNotes, Inc., 17 Nov Web. 07 Sep "The Tariff of Abominations | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives." The Tariff of Abominations. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept "Calhoun Resigns Vice Presidency." This Day in History., n.d. Web. 7 Sept "The South Carolina Nullification Controversy." Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 07 Sept "South Carolina Sesquicentennial History & Education - Nullification Crisis of 1828 to 1834." South Carolina Sesquicentennial History & Education - Nullification Crisis of 1828 to The South Carolina Encyclopedia, n.d. Web. 07 Sept Calson, Cody K. "This Week in History: John C. Calhoun and the Nullification Crisis." N.p., 17 Dec Web. 07 Sept Hodge, Cody. "The Nullification Crisis as a Cause of the Civil War." The Nullification Crisis as a Cause of the Civil War. Humanities 360, 23 July Web. 07 Sept "Jackson Issues Nullification Proclamation." American President: American President. University of Virginia, n.d. Web. 07 Sept “Jackson Nullification." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 07 Sept

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