Presentation on theme: "Goal 2 Part 3 Nullification Crisis and Jacksonian Democracy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Goal 2 Part 3 Nullification Crisis and Jacksonian Democracy
2 Daniel Webster (____________________________) Favored _________________________“____________________________” speechMain focus: How much powershould the federal gov’t have????(STATES LOVE THIS)*_________________of 1816 wasIncreased in ‘24 and’ 28….(Which group hates this???Why?)
3 “_____________________________” _______________________________________ (protest document by ____________________)Jackson’s Vice President,JOHN C. CALHOUN (War Hawk) of South Carolina, called the increased tariff the“_____________________________”(North is getting rich of the expense of the South)WHY?????-Threatens with _______________________Pres. Jackson“You WILL stay!”Inside the South Carolina Exposition: _________________________________________________Jackson (P) VS Calhoun (VP) / Calhoun resign in 1832 in protest of Jackson’s support of the Tariff
5 “TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS” SOUTH CAROLINA EXPOSITION South depended on the ________________Tariff _______________________ British exports to this country (expensive) so….South couldn’t depend on the British….had to ___________________________________.***The North was getting __________ at the expense of the _____________***
6 Calhoun’s Nullification Theory (as exposed in the S.C. Exposition) Backed up ___________________________(VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS = States’ Rights!)- If the federal government denied a state the right to nullify, that state has the right to withdraw from the Union….Congress raises the tariff again and South Carolina threatens secession!****** Jackson reacts to South Carolina’s threat and proposes a lowered tariff – still too high (South = angry!)
7 Andrew Jackson’s response to the South helped pass the “______________” – could use (FORCE) AGAINST the South in order to collect _________________________ (any force necessary to enforce tariffs)South – resents the federal governmentSOLUTION: ____________steps in and claims the tariff will eventually decrease over 10 years
8 Jackson’s views on the ___________ - Vetoed a bill to re-charter the B.O.U.S. _______– Jackson vs. ___________(2nd B.O.U.S. Pres)Why does Jackson hate the B.O.U.S????_______________________________B.O.U.S. = unfair to _______________Stockholders earned interest, not average taxpayer“______________________________________”- Andrew Jackson*** Initial steps to destroy the Bank of U.S. = ________________________ and put them into pet banks (done while Congress was in recess)(Unconstitutional)****_______________________________****Jackson’s personal state banks…hated the National Bank!!!*****RESULT: Second Bank of the U.S. went out of business******T.Q. – What did we develop through the Second Bank of the U.S.?
9 Critics view: King Andrew the First Andrew JacksonScepter = monarchyVeto = presidential power*standing onthe Constitution
10 *Formation of the WHIG Party* the discontented, frustrated Americans “____________________” Andrew JacksonSupported the American System, but not tariffs/ claims ________________ should pay for internal improvements and transportation – not tariffsLOVED federal control or national banking.
11 Andrew Jackson Battle of New Orleans Corrupt Bargain Spoils System Indian Removal ActWorcester V GeorgiaForce BillBank War
13 Jackson Newspaper w/ editorial Newspaper titleVisual Representation / Political Cartoon (Connected to Jacksonian Democracy or to a specific topic below)Topics: (*YOU MUST CHOOSE 4 of the 6)Tension between John Quincy Adams and JacksonSpoils System (effects)Indian Removal Act 1830Relationship between Marshall and Jackson (Worcester V. Georgia)Relationship between Calhoun and Jackson / Tariff War / Force BillBank War and destruction of 2nd National Bank of the United StatesEssential Issue Question (For each topic): Analyze how each issue / topic shaped American culture in the 1820s and 1830s?Editorial: (* YOU MUST CHOOSE 1 of the 2)(CHOICE 1) You are a Cherokee being “forced” away from your family and home. Write a “letter” to President Jackson convincing him to rethink assimilation and the Indian Removal Act(CHOICE 2) As either Andrew Jackson (NATIONALIST) or John C. Calhoun (SECTIONALIST), persuade your opposition to rethink his stance. Argue your purpose and how it relates to the unity of the country.(USE NOTES (Goal 2:2-3) and p in your textbook)
14 Compromise vs. Confrontation Create a continuum like the one on the board. Rank the following historical leaders by placing their names on your continuum.(1) John Quincy Adams(2) Andrew Jackson(3) Henry Clay(4) John C. Calhoun(5) John Marshall**** Support your ranking based on historical events in which these men played critical roles. (DETAIL)