Presentation on theme: "Goal 2 Part 3 Nullification Crisis and Jacksonian Democracy."— Presentation transcript:
Goal 2 Part 3 Nullification Crisis and Jacksonian Democracy
Daniel Webster (Massachusetts Senator) Favored STATES RIGHTS Liberty first and Union afterwards speech Main focus: How much power should the federal govt have???? (STATES LOVE THIS) *Madisons Tariff of 1816 was Increased in 24 and 28…. (Which group hates this??? Why?)
SOUTH CAROLINA EXPOSITION (protest document by John C. Calhoun) Jacksons Vice President, JOHN C. CALHOUN (War Hawk) of South Carolina, called the increased tariff the TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS (North is getting rich of the expense of the South) WHY????? -Threatens with secession Pres. Jackson You WILL stay! Inside the South Carolina Exposition: NULLIFICATION THEORY Jackson (P) VS Calhoun (VP) / Calhoun resign in 1832 in protest of Jacksons support of the Tariff
TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS SOUTH CAROLINA EXPOSITION South depended on the world market Tariff DECREASED British exports to this country (expensive) so…. South couldnt depend on the British….had to buy from the NORTH. ***The North was getting RICH at the expense of the South***
Calhouns Nullification Theory (as exposed in the S.C. Exposition) Backed up Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS = States Rights!) - If the federal government denied a state the right to nullify, that state has the right to withdraw from the Union…. Congress raises the tariff again and South Carolina threatens secession! ****** Jackson reacts to South Carolinas threat and proposes a lowered tariff – still too high (South = angry!)
Andrew Jacksons response to the South helped pass the Force Bill 1833 – could use (FORCE) AGAINST the South in order to collect dues/taxes (any force necessary to enforce tariffs) South – resents the federal government SOLUTION: Henry Clay steps in and claims the tariff will eventually decrease over 10 years
Jacksons views on the Bank of the United States - Vetoed a bill to re-charter the B.O.U.S. Bank War – Jackson vs. Nicholas Biddle (2 nd B.O.U.S. Pres) Why does Jackson hate the B.O.U.S???? (1) Only helped the privileged (2) B.O.U.S. = unfair to state banks (3) Stockholders earned interest, not average taxpayer The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it - Andrew Jackson *** Initial steps to destroy the Bank of U.S. = Take deposits OUT and put them into pet banks (done while Congress was in recess) (Unconstitutional) ****PET BANKS**** Jacksons personal state banks…hated the National Bank!!! *****RESULT: Second Bank of the U.S. went out of business****** T.Q. – What did we develop through the Second Bank of the U.S.?
Critics view: King Andrew the First Andrew Jackson Scepter = monarchy Veto = presidential power *standing on the Constitution
*Formation of the WHIG Party * the discontented, frustrated AmericansAGAINST Andrew Jackson Supported the American System, but not tariffs/ claims federal money should pay for internal improvements and transportation – not tariffs LOVED federal control or national banking.
Andrew Jackson Battle of New Orleans Corrupt Bargain Spoils System Indian Removal Act Worcester V Georgia Force Bill Bank War
Jackson Newspaper w/ editorial Newspaper title Visual Representation / Political Cartoon (Connected to Jacksonian Democracy or to a specific topic below) Topics: (*YOU MUST CHOOSE 4 of the 6) (1) Tension between John Quincy Adams and Jackson (2) Spoils System (effects) (3) Indian Removal Act 1830 (4) Relationship between Marshall and Jackson (Worcester V. Georgia) (5) Relationship between Calhoun and Jackson / Tariff War / Force Bill (6) Bank War and destruction of 2 nd National Bank of the United States Essential Issue Question (For each topic): Analyze how each issue / topic shaped American culture in the 1820s and 1830s? Editorial: (* YOU MUST CHOOSE 1 of the 2) (CHOICE 1) You are a Cherokee being forced away from your family and home. Write a letter to President Jackson convincing him to rethink assimilation and the Indian Removal Act (CHOICE 2) As either Andrew Jackson (NATIONALIST) or John C. Calhoun (SECTIONALIST), persuade your opposition to rethink his stance. Argue your purpose and how it relates to the unity of the country. (USE NOTES (Goal 2:2-3) and p. 224-234 in your textbook)
Compromise vs. Confrontation Create a continuum like the one on the board. Rank the following historical leaders by placing their names on your continuum. (1) John Quincy Adams (2) Andrew Jackson (3) Henry Clay (4) John C. Calhoun (5) John Marshall **** Support your ranking based on historical events in which these men played critical roles. (DETAIL)