2. How had the “tariff issue” led to sectional differences? RegionBusiness Affected Effects – The tariff… Supports Tariff (√) Opposed to Tariff (√) New England manufacturingProtected their business from foreign competition New England shipping & trade Made goods on ships cost more money to buyers Middle States manufacturingMade Americans buy goods made in America Western States farmingHelped sell goods to the industrial northern states and raised money to build roads and canals Southern States farmingRaised the price of manufactured goods, which the south bought
3. What were the causes and effects of the Nullification Crisis? Complete the cause and effect chart by following the timeline on the slides.
1828 – Congress passed a law creating the highest tariff in US History 1828 - The South called it the Tariff of “Abominations.” 1828 – VP John C. Calhoun (SC) claimed that the new tariff was unconstitutional because the states did not agree to it. He said the states had a right to nullify an unconstitutional federal law.
1830 – Senator Daniel Webster (MA) debated that the nation was the work of the people and not the states. The states could not determine a law’s constitutionality, only the Supreme Court. 1830 – Congressmen Hayne (SC) and Webster (MA) debated nullification in the Senate. 1830 – VP John C. Calhoun disagreed with Andrew Jackson over tariffs and quit to become a US Senator (SC).
1832 – South Carolina’s Congress passed a law called the Nullification Act, to void the tariff on goods bought in South Carolina. 1832 – South Carolina threatened to secede if the federal government tried to enforce the tariff. 1832 – Andrew Jackson asked US Congress to pass the “Force Act” giving the president the power to use force against South Carolina for voiding the tariff.
1832 – Faced with force, South Carolina repealed, or takes back, the Nullification Act. A national crisis is avoided 1832 - Despite his support for states’ rights, Jackson would use force to preserve the Union.
Ch 12.3 Part 2 Exit Ticket 1. Based on the “Protective Tariffs” diagram, the effect of a protective tariff is to - Ahelp foreign manufacturers conduct business in the United States Bencourage the importing of goods Cmake American-made goods less expensive than foreign-made goods Dpromote the concept of free-enterprise 2. The Nullification Crisis reflected the ongoing national debate over – A taxes B federalism and states’ rights C the interests of the West versus the interests of the South D the benefits of building roads versus building canals