Presentation on theme: "The Nullification Crisis tariffs states’ rightsA crisis about tariffs and states’ rights State’s rights obey federalState’s rights – a theory that a state."— Presentation transcript:
The Nullification Crisis tariffs states’ rightsA crisis about tariffs and states’ rights State’s rights obey federalState’s rights – a theory that a state could choose whether to obey or enforce federal laws. NorthernNorthern manufacturers – high protect foreign –(factories/industries) favored a high tariff to protect their industry from foreign competition. Southern Farmers – cotton –Sold cotton and other crops –Opposed –Opposed a high tariff
The Tariff of Abominations supporters1828 – Jackson supporters demanded changes in the tariff rates proposed by John Q. Adams. Raised rawRaised the tax on raw materials Lowered manufacturedLowered the tax on manufactured goods passedThe bill passed! opposed John C. CalhounOne man opposed the bill – John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson’s Vice President unconstitutional nullify –Pronounced the law unconstitutional and said to “nullify” (cancel) the federal law opposition TREASONJackson spoke out in opposition of nullification – TREASON!
The Tariff of Abominations South Carolina SecedeSouth Carolina threatened to Secede – leave the United States (Union) –John C. Calhoun –John C. Calhoun was from South Carolina! Henry Clay Great CompromiserHenry Clay – “The Great Compromiser” reduce –Proposed a plan to reduce the tariffs over a 10 year span not secedeSouth Carolina decided not to secede Jackson proved he would use force to preserve the Union.Jackson proved he would use force to preserve the Union.
Review! What is a tariff?What is a tariff? –A tax the government puts on imported goods (from foreign countries) If you were a factory owner or in manufacturing, would you agree or disagree with a tariff?If you were a factory owner or in manufacturing, would you agree or disagree with a tariff? –Agree! Your products would not have an additional tax, so what you make would be cheaper than foreign goods. If you were a farmer, would you agree or disagree with a tariff?If you were a farmer, would you agree or disagree with a tariff? –Disagree! You depend on foreign countries to buy your crops. In return, you buy their manufactured goods. You are afraid that tariffs will make foreign goods more expensive!
For Quiz tomorrow 1. Describe the Trail of Tears. 2. How did Andrew Jackson respond to the Nullification Crisis? 3. What was expanded in 1828 to help Jackson win the presidency? 4. Who was the biggest opponent of Andrew Jackson during the nullification crisis? 5. What is the Spoils system?