2Life before 1763 in the Colonies People voted for representatives in a general assembly.Could create their own taxes and lawsEngland had very little to do with Colonial affairsArea was becoming crowded so people start moving to the Ohio ValleyFrench and Indians are upset about this
3French and Indian War A struggle between the British and the French. Colonists fought for the British, while the Native Americans fought for the French.The British won all lands east of the Mississippi River, except new Orleans.George Washington is named a hero for his bravery in battle
4Proclamation of 1763 New King of England-George III (1760) Wanted to control everyone and everythingDid not know what life was like in the coloniesColonists were not allowed to settle the lands west of the Appalachian MountainsMany colonists already lived here!GIST Twist: Why do you think the King did not want the colonists to live past the Appalachian Mountains?
5Taxation Without Representation Class Experience Historical Experience
6Stamp Act (1765)Prime Minister George Grenville decides that colonists need to pay taxes to recover money lost by England because of the war.Proposes that all colonists must pay a tax for any papers used in the colony.They must buy paper that has the kings seal “stamped” on it.Colonists are outraged!NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
7Riots and RepealColonists protest by refusing to purchase stamps, attacking tax collectors, and even trying to bury one tax collector alive!Parliament decides to repeal the tax because of the protestingColonists celebrated in the streets over the victory
8Quartering Act (1765)Colonists were forced to allow British soldiers to live in their homes.Colonists felt there was no need for the soldiers to be in the ColoniesColonists refuse to follow orders and England retaliates– Colonists are outraged again!
9Townshend Acts (1767)New Prime Minister Charles Townshend swears to make the colonists pay for soldiersParliament passes the Townshend Acts which taxed the import of common British goods like paper, glass, paint, and tea.After they passed Townsend died of the flu!
10Boycott and RepealPatriot Samuel Adams led the Americans in a boycott of British goodsThe Colonies agree and only buy American goodsThis action cripples the British economyMarch 5, 1770-Lord North (new Prime Minister) convinces Parliament to repeal all the taxes except the tax on tea.
13Boston MassacreMarch 5, 1770Encounter between British troops and citizens of BostonPatriots antagonized British troops, who were quartered in Boston to discourage demonstrations against the Townshend Acts.Sticks, stones, and snowballs are thrownBritish troops fired on the Patriots,killing 5 people
14Tea Act (1773) British East India Tea Company was going broke Many members of the Parliament had money invested in this companyLord North made it cheaper to buy this tea than any other tea in the world!Colonists were not fooled by this act!
15Boston Tea PartyAngry protesters refused to allow the ships to unload the tea.Many ships returned back to England, but the Royal Governor in Boston told the three ships to stay in the portOn the night of Dec 16, 1773-the Sons of Liberty, dressed as Indians, and dumped 50 barrels of British tea into the Boston Harbor
16Coersive/Intolerable Acts (1774) Lord North and King George III put these into place to punish the people of Boston for the Boston Tea Party4 major points:Boston Harbor would be closed until the money for tea was paid backCould not hold an assembly without approvalAny crimes against the crown would be tried in EnglandMore soldiers would be sent to the Colonies for control
18Acts of Parliament ( )Proclamation of 1763: Colonists could not move west past the Appalachian MountainsQuartering Act: required the colonist to provide shelter and supplies to British troopsStamp Act: required stamps to be purchased and placed on newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, legal documents, and playing cardsTownshend Act: taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper, and teaTea Act: permitted the British East India Tea Co. to sell tea at a lower price than any other company in the colonies.Intollerable Act: Punishment for the Boston Tea Party. It closed Boston Harbor, ended colonial assemblies, forced trials in England, and brought more troops to the colonies.
19The Colonies UniteInstead of cowering to the king, the colonies united.“An attack made on one of our sister colonies is an attack made on all British America”Some people were still loyal to the King, they thought that Boston had gone too far.
20First Continental Congress September 177450 delegates from 12 colonies came togetherUrged to think as one, and not as individualsMany men in the meeting were loyalists; they refused to consider themselves anything but BritishAgreed to do the following:send a letter to the King listing complaintsUrge colonists to boycott goods until an agreement is made.
21Boycotts and Militias Groups were formed to enforce the boycott Militias were put together, in the event that the boycott did not workMinutemen- militia in New England (could form ranks in 60 seconds)The militias marched and practiced while they waited for a response from the King
22Blows must decide… King George refused to answer the colonists letter Britain is going to fight against the ColonistsKing George contacts General Gage in Boston and tells him to prepare to fight!