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Nazi Germany: 1933-1945 Treaty of Versailles Rhineland - 1936 Austria – Anschluss -1938 Sudetenland - Czech - 1938 Czech Refusal – Threat of War Munich.

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Presentation on theme: "Nazi Germany: 1933-1945 Treaty of Versailles Rhineland - 1936 Austria – Anschluss -1938 Sudetenland - Czech - 1938 Czech Refusal – Threat of War Munich."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nazi Germany: Treaty of Versailles Rhineland Austria – Anschluss Sudetenland - Czech Czech Refusal – Threat of War Munich Conference September, 1938 France, Great Britain, Germany Appeasement: Sudetenland give to Germany Chamberlain and Churchill

2 German Expansion

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4 Nazi Aggression Continues Czechoslovakia Demand for Danzig Germany City prior to WWI European Response Great Britain & France Pledge to defend Poland Nonaggression Pact Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Germany and Soviet Union August, 1939 Secret Agreement - Poland

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6 Word War II: 1939 Invasion of Poland September 1, 1939 German Pre-text Blitzkrieg “Lightening War” War Declared Allies: Great Britain & France September 3, 1939

7 Blitzkrieg in Poland Results Polish Defenses Overwhelmed Danzig falls on Sept. 7 Warsaw Capitulates Sept. 28 Opposition Ends on Oct. 6 65,000 Polish Troops Killed 100,000s Wounded/Captured Phony War

8 German Conquests Grow British & French Mobilize German Conquests Denmark – April 1940 Norway – April 1940 Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands – May 1940 Churchill Prime Minister May 10, 1940 France Threatened

9 France & the Maginot Line French Defense Maginot Line Static Defense Hinges on Luxembourg & Belgium Fort Eban Emael – Belgium French Invasion May 10 – May 22, 1940 Advance through Ardennes Bypass Maginot Line British Expeditionary Force

10 Maginot Line

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12 Rescue at Dunkirk May 26 - June 3, 1940 British and French Forces Halt of German Panzers Role of Luftwaffe Operation Dynamo Rescue of Allied Forces 200,000 British troops 140,000 French troops Great Britain Last European Democracy

13 Dunkirk "We must be very careful not to assign to this deliverance the attributes of a victory. Wars are not won by evacuations.“ Winston Churchill

14 France Defeated

15 Occupied France Vichy France Marshall Petain Collaboration French Navy French Resistance Free French Eventually 400,000 General De Gaulle

16 De Gaulle and Petain

17 The German Reich: 1940

18 The Battle of Britain July 10 – Oct. 31, 1940 Prelude to Russia Operation Sea Lion Planned Invasion of Great Britain Sea-based Invasion Control of English Channel Airpower Luftwaffe & RAF Air Supremacy

19 Battle of Britain Battle for Air Supremacy Over Great Britain Over English Channel Luftwaffe Herman Goering Air Attacks & Bombing The “Blitz” – Cities Great Britain Role of RADAR Role of RAF Retaining Pilots

20 Battle of Britain “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” Winston Churchill

21 The “Blitz” 60,000 Killed 87,000 Injured 2 Million Homes Destroyed

22 America’s Response Disarmament after WWI 1939 – 18 th in Military Power Depression Avoidance of European Conflicts Opposition to Germany Fascism Anti-Semitism German Aggression Awe at Germany Charles Lindbergh Joseph Kennedy

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24 “The Arsenal of Democracy” Roosevelt Administration “Cash and Carry” Destroyers 99-Year Naval Leases Election of 1940 Roosevelt vs. Willkie Isolationist Campaign Lend-Lease Act Billion in Weapons & Supplies Extension to Soviet Union Barbarossa: Sept. 22, 1941

25 Battle of the Atlantic German Strategy Cut off British Supplies Attack All Shipping “Wolfpacks” Initial Success 200 Ships Sunk – June 1940 Allied Strategies Convoy System “Escorts” Intelligence Ship Production

26 Allied Cost of Battle 30,000 Merchant Seamen 2,200 Merchant Ships 100 Allied Naval Vessels Over 600 Allied Aircraft 3 Million Tons of Shipping German Cost of Battle 510 U-Boats (2/3rds) 18,000 U-Boat Men Battle of the Atlantic

27 U-505

28 The Atlantic Charter August 1941 American Neutrality Newfoundland Churchill Roosevelt War Aims Self-Determination Peace Europe First Strategy

29 Japanese in the Pacific Japanese Expansion Natural Resources China and Manchuria Nationalism “Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere” Tripartite Pact September 26, 1940 Germany, Japan, Italy Axis Nations Role of Military Role or Emperor

30 America and Japan Japanese Seizure of French Indochina American Response Free Japanese Assets Block Sale of Oil and Iron Demand Evacuation of China and Indochina Japanese Response U.S. as Threat in Pacific Diplomacy Eliminate U.S. Pacific Fleet

31 Pearl Harbor: Dec. 7, 1941 Failed Negotiations No Declaration of War Admiral Yamamoto’s Plan Surprise Attack Shallow Running Torpedoes Midget Submarines Destroy Pacific Fleet Give Japan Time Break American Will Attack on the Philippines

32 Pearl Harbor: Dec. 7, 1941

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35 Pearl Harbor: Results U.S. Losses 18 Ships Sunk or Damaged 170 Aircraft Destroyed 3,700 Casualties U.S. Reaction Panic on East Coast Anger Declaration of War December 8, 1941 “Will live in infamy”

36 Japanese Expansion December 8, 1941 Philippines Attacked December 10 Guam Attacked December 11 Wake Island Landing December 12 Luzon Landing December 13 Hong Kong

37 Fall of the Philippines 22,000 American Troops Lack of Supplies Fighting Retreat to Corregidor Recall of Gen. McArthur March 1942 “I shall return” U.S. Surrender April 10, 1942 General Wainwright 11,000 U.S. Troops

38 Bataan Death March Bushido Geneva Convention Over 600 Deaths 70,000 Prisoners 10,000 Deaths Camp O’Donnel Cabanatuan

39 America’s Response Striking Back at Japan American Morale Logistical Problems Doolittle's Raiders 80 Men 16 B-25 Bombers Losses Morale Boost

40 Doolittle Raid: April, 1942

41 The Home Front Mobilization 1940 Selective Training & Service Act 1 st Peacetime Draft Million Americans Serve Segregation

42 Wartime Economy Manufacturing Arsenal of Democracy Factory Jobs – Pay North & Midwest War Production Board Office of War Mobilization Citizens Scrap Drives Rationing Office of War Information Taxes – Middle & Lower Classes War Bonds

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47 The War in Europe & Africa

48 A Desperate Situation Late 1941 Battle of the Atlantic Nazi Advances: Greece Yugoslavia Soviet Union North Africa Post Pearl Harbor Churchill & Roosevelt Reaffirm Atlantic Charter Germany 1 st Soviet Union & China Join Allies in 1942

49 Soviet Union and China

50 Taking the War to Germany 1942 Battle of the Atlantic Long-Range Bombing Night – RAF – Cities Day – AAF – Factories Ground Offensive Soviet Needs Allied Plans Where & When? France North Africa

51 3.4 Million Tons of Bombs 12,000 Heavy Bombers Lost Over 100,000 Killed

52 The Memphis Belle

53 North Africa The Suez Canal Sept Italian forces attack Egypt British counter General Montgomery “Desert Rats” German Reinforcement Afrika Corps General Erwin Rommel “The Desert Fox” Battle of El Alamein Operation TORCH Nov. 8, 1942 Afrika Corps Defeated

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55 TORCH – Nov., 1942

56 HUSKY – July, 1943 Invasion of Sicily “Soft Underbelly of Europe” “Friendly” Losses General George Patton Invasion of Italy September, 1943 Italian Surrender German Reaction Rescue of Mussolini German Occupation Anzio – January, 1944

57 D-Day: Operation Overlord June 6, 1944 Allied Invasion of Europe Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower Supreme Allied Commander 23,000 Paratroopers 130,000 Landing Troops 195,000 Naval Support 2,000,000 Total Invasion Force 9000 Casualties – 3000 KIA

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59 Battle of the Bulge December 16, German Divisions “Last Ditch” Effort German Push to the Coast 77,000 American Casualties Bastogne 101 st Airborne General McAullife “Nuts”

60 Battle of the Bulge

61 VE Day May 8, 1945 Dresden, Feb Operation Varsity Crossing the Rhine Berlin America or Soviet Union Soviet Advance to Berlin Surrender Hitler’s Suicide The Holocaust Rebuilding The “Cold War”

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63 The Holocaust

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66 The Pacific Theater Fighting in the Pacific Admiral Chester Nimitz Commander of U.S. Navy General Douglas McArthur Command of Troops Breaking Japanese Code Battle of the Coral Sea Loss of USS Lexington Battle of Midway June 3-6, Japanese Carriers Lost

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68 Island-Hopping Strategy Islands Guadalcanal New Guinea Gilbert Mariana Marshall Air Fields – Bombing Submarines

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71 Advance in the Pacific Battle of Leyte Gulf October 1944 Philippines McArthur’s Return Island-Hopping Okinawa Saipan Iwo Jima Kamikazes

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74 Manhattan Project

75 Roosevelt’s Death Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected to Four Terms Vice-President Harry S. Truman Last Days Yalta Conference – Feb April 12, 1945 Warm Springs, Arkansas President Truman

76 Hiroshima & Nagasaki

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78 VJ Day August 15, 1945


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