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 Blitzkrieg = “ lightning war” 1. New war fighting tactic developed by Nazis 2. Combined use of armored infantry/tanks/Panzers + air power 3. Focus on.

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Presentation on theme: " Blitzkrieg = “ lightning war” 1. New war fighting tactic developed by Nazis 2. Combined use of armored infantry/tanks/Panzers + air power 3. Focus on."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Blitzkrieg = “ lightning war” 1. New war fighting tactic developed by Nazis 2. Combined use of armored infantry/tanks/Panzers + air power 3. Focus on speed and smashing force

3  THE PHONY WAR = period of no fighting in fall/winter of  THE MAGINOT LINE = concrete and steel fortifications the French built along border with Germany  APRIL Hitler attacks and conquers Denmark and Norway  June 1940 – Hitler attacks France

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5 1. German forces outflank Maginot Line 2. DUNKIRK = 330,000 British soldiers are evacuated across the Channel on all boats 3. France surrenders 4. Nazis occupy northern 3/5’s of country 5. VICHY FRANCE = southern France est. a collaborationist puppet state led by MARSHAL HENRI PETAIN 6. THE FREE FRENCH = French government in exile is led by Charles de Gaulle

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8 1. May 1940 replaces Chamberlain as PM 2. Against appeasement in the 1930’s 3. Advocated standing up to Hitler in 1930’s 4. Inspiring leader/great speaker 5. Refused to make any kind of deal with Hitler ever

9 “... we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender. ” Winston Churchill 1940

10 1. Hitler’s air war against Britain 2. LUFTWAFFE = German air force 3. RAF = British air force 4. Ultra and radar 5. “the blitz” – terror bombing of English cities 6. Battle of Britain fails for the Nazis

11 1. German forces invade N. Africa 2. Erwin Rommel = leader of the German “Afrika Korps” 3. Bernard Montgomery = leader of the British forces – “the desert rats”

12  June 1941 Hitler invades the Soviet Union  By Nov the Germans are right outside Moscow and Leningrad  Then comes the Russian winter!

13  Imperial Japan  Japanese invasion of Manchuria  December 7, 1941 – attack on Pearl Harbor  Great East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere = the Japanese empire in the Pacific  Naval war

14 German forces advancing in N. Africa 2. Battle of the Atlantic = nazi subs attacking allied ships 3. Nazi advance into southern Russia 1. Germans stopped in N. Africa at Battle of El Alamein 2. American invade N. Africa 3. Stalingrad – nazi forces stopped in Russia 4. Battle of Coral Sea – Japanese forces stopped 5. Battle of Midway – Americans destroy Japanese fleet

15 THE ALLIES UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER Britain – Winston Churchill Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin United States – Franklin D. Roosevelt The leaders of the Allied powers agree to demand the unconditional surrender of Germany and Japan  no special deals or agreements

16 1. The Allied invasion of France 2. Organized by Eisenhower 3. Attack across the English Channel  land forces on the Normandy coast of France

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19 June 1944 – Normandy invasion Aug – Paris is liberated Winter 1944/45 – the Battle of the Bulge Jan – Soviets occupy Warsaw Mar – Anglo-American armies cross Rhine April 1945 – Soviets enter Berlin April 30, 1945 – Hitler commits suicide May 7, 1945 – Germany surrender/V-E Day

20 1. The Pacific theater  island hopping 2. Aug – America drops the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki


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