Presentation on theme: "Post WWII Map Satellite Nations After the war, Stalin he declared the need for a “buffer zone” on the Soviet Union’s western border. He established."— Presentation transcript:
Satellite Nations After the war, Stalin he declared the need for a “buffer zone” on the Soviet Union’s western border. He established communist rule throughout Eastern Europe. The countries which remained under the Soviet control after WWII became known as satellite nations.
Berlin Blockade Attempt to starve city of Berlin into submission by the Soviets. US and Britain organized airlift to help the city of Berlin resist the communist threat. Lasted 10 months, and during this time US and British planes dropped over 2 million tons of food and supplies. May 1949, Soviets lifted the blockade.
Creation of NATO & Warsaw Pact The United States, Canada, Iceland and the non-communist European nations formed a military alliance called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Warsaw Pact was the Eastern Europe’s response to NATO. It created a military alliance among those eastern European Communist countries.
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (NATO) NATO An attack on one = an attack on all.
China- Failure of Containment? Civil War resumed after WWII between communists and nationalists China falls to communism in 1949. U.S. did not interfere in China In the future, containment will extend to include Asia as well.
Korean War 1950-1953 “Temporary” division of Korea into 2 zones Communist North Korea invades South Korea (June, 1950) United Nations’ forces defend South Korea.
Korean War Cont… Threat of the introduction of Chinese forces on behalf of North Korea MacArthur calls for a “new war” against the Chinese and North Korea. Fear that the invasion of China might bring the Soviets into the war Rift develops between MacArthur and Truman
Korean War Cont… Truman fires MacArthur. The war settles into a stalemate. Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes president in 1952. He steps up the bombing of North Korea. In 1953 he hints that he might use nuclear weapons. 1953 – armistice is signed. ( 38 th parallel )