Presentation on theme: "Safety and Consumer Health - Day 3"— Presentation transcript:
1Safety and Consumer Health - Day 3 SPONGESafety and Consumer Health - Day 3What is one thing you should do if you walked into a room and saw someone unconscious on the floor?Name one way to slow down bleeding.
2Safety and Consumer Health Section 3CPR and Emergency Response
3CPR CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a first aid technique that is used to restore a person’s heartbeat and breathing.This lesson is no replacement for an actual CPR class.
4The ABC’s of CPRThe ABC’s of CPR help you remember how to perform CPR:A: Airway – Open the victims airway by tilting the head and jaw back and opening the mouth.B: Breathing – Give rescue breaths if breathing has stopped.C: Circulation – Perform CPR if there is no pulse.
5The Steps of CPR1.Rescue the victim: For instance, if the victim is in a very dangerous position, like in a swimming pool or in the middle of a road. Only rescue the victim if you can do it safely. For example, do not grab a victim that is being electrocuted, or move a victim that appears to have a broken neck.
6911911The Steps of CPR2. Check for a response: Give the victim hard taps on the shoulder while talking at a loud volume. If the victim wakes up then your job is done. But if not…3. Phone 911 or have someone nearby call for you. Get an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) if one is available. If there is a crowd around, point at a specific person and tell them to “Call 911 NOW!”
7The Steps of CPR4. Put the victim on his or her back and push their chin back. This will open up a breathing way to keep the victim from choking.
8The Steps of CPR5. Look, listen and feel for breathing for 5-10 seconds.Look to see if the victim’s chest is rising and falling.Listen for breathing.Feel for the victim’s breath on your cheek.
9The Steps of CPR6: Give 2 rescue breaths while holding the chin back and plugging the victim’s nose. Then give 30 chest compressions. Repeat until help comes or the victim recovers.Wear a mask while rescue breathing if possible.
10AED’s An AED is and Automated External Defibrillator. AED’sAn AED is and Automated External Defibrillator.If you have an AED nearby you can give two quick rescue breaths, then attach the pads of the machine to the victims chest.When you turn on the machine, it will send a shock to the heart, hopefully starting the heartbeat up again.
11CPR for a Baby Rescue the baby if possible Check for a response Call 9-11Put the victim on his or her back and check for breathingGive five chest compressions using two or three fingers (be careful not to hurt the infant)Give one rescue breathRepeat
12Other Medical Emergencies A heart attack is the death of heart muscle due to a lack of blood flow.Warning signs include chest pain, dizziness, sweating and difficulty breathing.If you are with someone having a heart attack, call 911 ASAP, have them take a couple aspirin, and stay with them. If they stop breathing and their pulse stops, it’s CPR time.
13Other Medical Emergencies A stroke results from a blocked or broken blood vessel in the brain. They range from minor to deadly.The warning signs of a stroke include unequal pupil size, slurred speech, blurred vision and paralysis of one side of the body.To help a person having a stroke call 911, have the victim sit down (not lay down) and do not give them anything to drink.
14Bleeding There are many different types of bleeding: A bruise is bleeding under the skin.An incision is a cut caused by a sharp edge.A laceration is a cut that causes a jagged tearing of the skin and heavy bleeding.An avulsion is a wound in which skin or other tissues are torn away from the body. This may result in a flap of skin hanging from the body, or a finger being torn off.To stop bleeding, apply pressure to the wound, elevate it above your heart and place a cold object on the wound, wrapped in a clean cloth.
15Puncture WoundsA puncture is a wound made when a pointed object (like a nail) pierces the skin.Puncture wounds do not usually bleed much, which makes them a huge risk for infection.To treat a puncture, elevate the wound above the heart, apply pressure to it and cover the wound with a clean cloth. Let some blood flow to the wound to help fight infection.Get a tetanus shot if you have not had one in the last 10 years.Close your eyes if you have a weak stomach!
16Shock Serious illness or injury can lead to shock. Shock is a dangerous decrease in blood flow to the body tissues or organs.When tissues can’t receive oxygen, they start to fail, resulting in fainting, coma or death.
17ShockSomeone in shock will take rapid, shallow breaths and have cold, clammy skin. They will have a rapid, weak pulse and feel dizzy, weak and faint.To treat someone in shock, have them lay down and elevate their legs about a foot above their heart.Cover the victim with a blanket and perform CPR if necessary, but do not give them any food or water.Twilight kids: Suffering from the symptoms of shock… and an utter lack of acting ability.