Presentation on theme: "SPONGE 5.What is one thing you should do if you walked into a room and saw someone unconscious on the floor? 6.Name one way to slow down bleeding. Safety."— Presentation transcript:
SPONGE 5.What is one thing you should do if you walked into a room and saw someone unconscious on the floor? 6.Name one way to slow down bleeding. Safety and Consumer Health - Day 3
Safety and Consumer Health Section 3 CPR and Emergency Response
CPR CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a first aid technique that is used to restore a person’s heartbeat and breathing. This lesson is no replacement for an actual CPR class.
The ABC’s of CPR The ABC’s of CPR help you remember how to perform CPR: –A: Airway – Open the victims airway by tilting the head and jaw back and opening the mouth. –B: Breathing – Give rescue breaths if breathing has stopped. –C: Circulation – Perform CPR if there is no pulse.
The Steps of CPR 1.Rescue the victim: For instance, if the victim is in a very dangerous position, like in a swimming pool or in the middle of a road. Only rescue the victim if you can do it safely. For example, do not grab a victim that is being electrocuted, or move a victim that appears to have a broken neck.
911 The Steps of CPR 2. Check for a response: Give the victim hard taps on the shoulder while talking at a loud volume. If the victim wakes up then your job is done. But if not… 3. Phone 911 or have someone nearby call for you. Get an AED (Automated External Defibrillator) if one is available. If there is a crowd around, point at a specific person and tell them to “Call 911 NOW!” 911
The Steps of CPR 4. Put the victim on his or her back and push their chin back. This will open up a breathing way to keep the victim from choking.
The Steps of CPR 5. Look, listen and feel for breathing for 5-10 seconds. Look to see if the victim’s chest is rising and falling. Listen for breathing. Feel for the victim’s breath on your cheek.
The Steps of CPR 6: Give 2 rescue breaths while holding the chin back and plugging the victim’s nose. Then give 30 chest compressions. Repeat until help comes or the victim recovers. Wear a mask while rescue breathing if possible.
AED’s An AED is and Automated External Defibrillator. If you have an AED nearby you can give two quick rescue breaths, then attach the pads of the machine to the victims chest. When you turn on the machine, it will send a shock to the heart, hopefully starting the heartbeat up again.
CPR for a Baby 1.Rescue the baby if possible 2.Check for a response 3.Call Put the victim on his or her back and check for breathing 5.Give five chest compressions using two or three fingers (be careful not to hurt the infant) 6.Give one rescue breath 7.Repeat
Other Medical Emergencies A heart attack is the death of heart muscle due to a lack of blood flow. Warning signs include chest pain, dizziness, sweating and difficulty breathing. If you are with someone having a heart attack, call 911 ASAP, have them take a couple aspirin, and stay with them. If they stop breathing and their pulse stops, it’s CPR time.
Other Medical Emergencies A stroke results from a blocked or broken blood vessel in the brain. They range from minor to deadly. The warning signs of a stroke include unequal pupil size, slurred speech, blurred vision and paralysis of one side of the body. To help a person having a stroke call 911, have the victim sit down (not lay down) and do not give them anything to drink.
Bleeding There are many different types of bleeding: –A bruise is bleeding under the skin. –An incision is a cut caused by a sharp edge. –A laceration is a cut that causes a jagged tearing of the skin and heavy bleeding. –An avulsion is a wound in which skin or other tissues are torn away from the body. This may result in a flap of skin hanging from the body, or a finger being torn off. –To stop bleeding, apply pressure to the wound, elevate it above your heart and place a cold object on the wound, wrapped in a clean cloth.
Puncture Wounds A puncture is a wound made when a pointed object (like a nail) pierces the skin. Puncture wounds do not usually bleed much, which makes them a huge risk for infection. To treat a puncture, elevate the wound above the heart, apply pressure to it and cover the wound with a clean cloth. Let some blood flow to the wound to help fight infection. Get a tetanus shot if you have not had one in the last 10 years. Close your eyes if you have a weak stomach!
Shock Serious illness or injury can lead to shock. Shock is a dangerous decrease in blood flow to the body tissues or organs. When tissues can’t receive oxygen, they start to fail, resulting in fainting, coma or death.
Shock Someone in shock will take rapid, shallow breaths and have cold, clammy skin. They will have a rapid, weak pulse and feel dizzy, weak and faint. To treat someone in shock, have them lay down and elevate their legs about a foot above their heart. Cover the victim with a blanket and perform CPR if necessary, but do not give them any food or water. Twilight kids: Suffering from the symptoms of shock… and an utter lack of acting ability.