2 When checking an ill or injured person… If you are not sure whether someone is unconscious, tap him or her on the shoulder and ask if they are ok.Use the persons name if you know itSpeak loudlyInfantTap the bottom of their foot and/orTap the infants shouldersShout to see if the infant responds
3 Steps to take when checking Interview the person and bystandersRemember to get consentKeep interviews simple and ask questions to learn more about what happenedWhat happened?Do you feel pain or discomfort anywhere?Do you have any allergies?Do you have any medical conditions or are you taking any medicine?
4 Check the person from head to toe When checking a conscious personDo not move areas in which they have discomfortCheck the persons head by examining the scalp, face, nose, ears, and mouthLook for cuts, bruises, or bumpsWatch for changes in consciousnessLook for changes in the persons breathingNotice how the skin looks and feelsLook for a medical alert tag
5 Check the person from head to toe Checking an unconscious personLook, Listen, and FeelDo this for no longer than 10 secondsThink of the ABC’sAirway – open the airwayHead-tilt / Chin-liftBreathing – check for movement or breathingGive 2 rescue breaths child/infant onlyCirculation – check for signs of lifeBegin CPR2 rescue breaths
6 ShockWhen the body is healthy, 3 conditions are needed to keep the right amount of blood flowing…1. The heart must be working well2. An adequate amount of oxygen-rich blood must be circulating in the body3. The blood vessels must be intact and able to adjust blood flow.SHOCK is a condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues and vital organs.
7 ShockWhen the body's organs, don’t receive this blood, they fail to function properly.This triggers shockSignals of shockRestlessness or irritabilityAltered level of consciousnessNausea or vomitingPale, ashen, cool, moist skinRapid breathing and pulseExcessive thirst
8 Caring For Shock 1. Call 911 or the local emergency number immediately Shock can not be managed effectively by first aid alone.2. Have the person lie downThis is often the most comfortable position.Helping the person rest comfortably is important because pain can intensify the body’s stress and speed up the progression of shock.3. Control any external bleeding
9 Do not…Give the person anything to eat or drink, even though they will be thirsty.Shock may require surgery and its best for the stomach to be empty
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