2FLOOR PLAN CONSIDERATIONS Three main areas of homesTraffic circulationIndividual room designLiving RoomDining RoomKitchenBathroomBedroomUtility RoomStorageGarageHallways/StairsDoors/Windows
3HOUSE ZONES Living Area Sleeping Area/Bathroom Facilities Service Area RelaxingEntertainingDiningSleeping Area/Bathroom FacilitiesSleepingRestingBathingService AreaPreparing of foodWashing clothesStoring goodsParking car (garage)Storing of equipmentHobby space/home maintenance work
4LIVING AREA 1/3 of house “Noisier” area of home Rooms Entrance/FoyerLiving roomShould be close to entryShould not be used as a passageway to other roomsDining roomAdjacent to kitchen (service area)Not the only entrance to kitchen (service area)Family roomDepending on use can be located near living or sleeping areaRecreation roomDen/OfficeRooms in living area should be located near each other
5SLEEPING AREA 1/3 of house Quiet area of house Rooms in Sleeping Area BedroomsBathroomsAt least one in bedroom wing of houseNurseriesSouth/southwest orientation preferablySleeping area should be located separate from living area
6SERVICE AREA Supplements living/sleeping areas Rooms in Service Area KitchenShould be near front doorShould be close to utility roomsShould be near garage and backyardShould be adjacent to dining roomUtility roomLaundry/StorageBasementWorkshopEquipment/Machine storageGarage
7TRAFFIC CIRCULATION All routes as short and direct as possible Room (in any area) to room (in any area)Area to areaFront and Rear Entrance to all rooms/areas/stairsRooms not used as hallwaysAll three zones separate but properly relatedAvoid wasted space
9LIVING ROOM DESIGN Used for a multitude of purposes EntertainingEntertainmentRecreationSocializingUsage determines designLayoutFurnitureSizesPlacement
10LIVING ROOM SPECS Should be in central location Located near? On grade levelRectangular easier to furnish than squareBut not too long and skinnyDoor and window locations important factorsFurnitureWhat is the living room used for?Location (doors/windows)2’ apart for movement6’ apart max for conversation
11LIVING ROOM DIMENSIONS Minimum room dimension: 11’1 or 2 bedroom home – 175 sq. ft.3 bedroom home – 200 sq. ft.4 bedroom home – 240 sq. ft.
14DINING ROOM DESIGN Considerations Type of furniture needed (table, chairs, hutch, etc.)Located where?Exit to patio?2’ minimum between back of chair wall/furniture27” from center of chair to center of chairProvide a way for it to be separated from kitchenLightingStorageDesign for a family that may have guestsChoose appropriately sized furniture (see above bullet)
17KITCHEN DESIGN: THREE CENTERS Food storage centerRefrigeratorCabinets for foodCooking centerRange and ovenCountertop spaceStorage for minor appliancesPreparation and cleanup centerSinkDishwasherGarbage disposalStorage for cleaning supplies
19KITCHEN DESIGN: WORK TRIANGLE Highlighted by red triangleUsed to check efficiency of planTotal distance = range to refrigerator + refrigerator to sink + sink to rangeMinimum triangle – 12’ totalMaximum triangle – 21’ totalNo leg of the triangle should be less than 4’ or greater than 9’No traffic through work triangle
20KITCHEN DESIGN: ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS Window by sinkDining area in kitchenAt least 36” of continual countertop spaceAt least 15’ of wall space for cabinets and appliancesCabinet doors open away from work area
21KITCHEN DESIGN: CABINET SIZES Base Cabinets34 ½” high x 24” deep x width in 3” increments, ie. 15”, 18”, 21”, etc.Wall Cabinets12” or 13” deep x 12” to 30” high (in 3” increments), and 12” to 36” wide (in 3” increments)18 inches between base and wall cabinets!
24BATHROOM DESIGN Fixtures Types of bathrooms Lavoratories: sinks Water closet: toiletTub or showerTypes of bathroomsHalf bath: lavoratory and water closetNot designed for bathing – usually in living area¾ bath: lavoratory, water closet, shower stallFull bath: lavoratory, water closet, tub
26BEDROOM DESIGNMINIMUM SIZE REQUIREMENTS: Master Bedroom 1 or 2 bedroom house – 140 sq. ft 3 bedroom house – 120 sq. ft 4 or more bedroom house – 120 sq. ft Minimum room dimension – 9’4” Other Bedrooms 1 or 2 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. 3 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. 4 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. Minimum room dimension – 8’0”
27BEDROOM DESIGN:OTHER CRITERIA Bedroom design is directly related to furniture size and arrangement, ie. twin, full, queen, king size bed.If the bedroom if for a child, there is no need for a king size bed!Consider the rest of the furniture needed in the roomDresser, nightstand….what else?Closets should never be placed on an exterior wallBedrooms should have a closet on a shared wallBedrooms should have at least two windowsEntrance should be somewhat privateAgain…bathroom in close proximityProper closet space – see storage
28UTILITY ROOMThe utility room is an all purpose room. It may contain the following:Hot water heaterWasher/DryerFurnaceHeating and air conditioning ductsIf the house doesn’t have a basement, a utility room is needed!
29STORAGE SPACE Front Entrance (coat closet) Kitchen Bedrooms Bathroom 3’ by 2’ inside dimensionsKitchen15’ of wall space for cabinetsPantryBedroomsRecommended sizes3’ of linear space x 24” deep – one person6’ of linear space x 24” deep – two peopleBathroomLinen closetCabinet spaceAvoid long, skinny closets (front to back) – can’t reach back!
30GARAGE Single Car Sizes 11’ x 19’ to 16’ x 25’ Two Car Sizes Single Car Door Size8’ or 9’ wide by 7’ or 8’ highTwo Car Door Size16’ wide by 7’ or 8’ highCould use two single doors
31HALLWAYS Width ranges from 3’ to 3’4” Confined to AT MOST 10% of total floor areaShould be kept as short as possibleNeed to be absolutely necessary or are considered wasted spaceShould not lead to an exterior wall
32STAIRWAYS Characteristics of good stairways Safety Economy of space HandrailsLandingsAdequate lightingMinimum width of 3’0”Make sure you DON’T position stairs so you’re coming right from a wall, or walking into a wall!!! Leave space to get off or on the steps!!
33STAIRS: TERMINOLOGY Tread: horizontal portion of step Riser – the vertical part of the stepEnclosed stairs – have walls on both sidesOpen stairs – have no walls on one or both sidesStringer – support for treads and risersHeadroom – from tread of step to ceiling – minimum 6’6”
35DOORS Function Shield opening from elements Add decoration Emphasize overall designProvide light and ventilationExpand visibility
36DOORS: INTERIOR Sizes 2’0” – 3’0” wide Standard increment width is 2” Typically 6’8” in heightShould be at least 2’6” – 2’10” wide for furniture movementMany Types (on next slide)PlacementMinimum interference with living areaNo conflicting swings with other doorsInto structures/rooms open inLocated in corners of roomsHinged doors (closets) open outward
38DOORS: EXTERIOR Entrance/Exit doors Located for ease of movement Carrying groceries into houseTaking out garbageCarrying laundry in and out of housePaths between house and garage/driveway/patio/rear yardAt least 3’0” wide6’8” in height
39EXTERIOR DOOR TYPES Differences from interior doors Door types Not hollow coreThickerMay have glass panels for visibilityDoor typesFlushPanelSwingingSlidingGarage (Overhead) doorsDoor with sidelights
40WINDOWS Function Shield opening from elements Add decoration Emphasize overall designProvide light and ventilationExpand visibility
41WINDOWS: PLACEMENT Living Room Dining Room Kitchen Bathrooms Bedrooms Walls not broken with too many small windowsConsider viewDining RoomSliding doors to outside?KitchenUsed for ventilationPlaced above sinkBathroomsPlaced for maximum privacyUsed for ventilation (though a fan is ok)BedroomsWindows on two walls1st floor – wide, short windows for privacy