Presentation on theme: "ARCHITECTURE AND FUNCTIONAL PLANNING. FLOOR PLAN CONSIDERATIONS 1.Three main areas of homesThree main areas of homes 2.Traffic circulationTraffic circulation."— Presentation transcript:
ARCHITECTURE AND FUNCTIONAL PLANNING
FLOOR PLAN CONSIDERATIONS 1.Three main areas of homesThree main areas of homes 2.Traffic circulationTraffic circulation 3.Individual room design 1.Living RoomLiving Room 2.Dining RoomDining Room 3.KitchenKitchen 4.BathroomBathroom 5.BedroomBedroom 6.Utility RoomUtility Room 4.StorageStorage 5.GarageGarage 6.Hallways/StairsHallways/Stairs 7.Doors/WindowsDoors/Windows
HOUSE ZONES Living Area Relaxing Entertaining Dining Sleeping Area/Bathroom Facilities Sleeping Resting Bathing Service Area Preparing of food Washing clothes Storing goods Parking car (garage) Storing of equipment Hobby space/home maintenance work
LIVING AREA 1/3 of house “Noisier” area of home Rooms Entrance/Foyer Living room Should be close to entry Should not be used as a passageway to other rooms Dining room Adjacent to kitchen (service area) Not the only entrance to kitchen (service area) Family room Depending on use can be located near living or sleeping area Recreation room Den/Office Rooms in living area should be located near each other
SLEEPING AREA 1/3 of house Quiet area of house Rooms in Sleeping Area Bedrooms Bathrooms At least one in bedroom wing of house Nurseries South/southwest orientation preferably Sleeping area should be located separate from living area
SERVICE AREA Supplements living/sleeping areas Rooms in Service Area Kitchen Should be near front door Should be close to utility rooms Should be near garage and backyard Should be adjacent to dining room Utility room Laundry/Storage Basement Workshop Equipment/Machine storage Garage
TRAFFIC CIRCULATION All routes as short and direct as possible Room (in any area) to room (in any area) Area to area Front and Rear Entrance to all rooms/areas/stairs Rooms not used as hallways All three zones separate but properly related Avoid wasted space
TRAFFIC PATTERN EXAMPLES
LIVING ROOM DESIGN Used for a multitude of purposes Entertaining Entertainment Recreation Socializing Usage determines design Layout Furniture Sizes Placement
LIVING ROOM SPECS Should be in central location Located near? On grade level Rectangular easier to furnish than square But not too long and skinny Door and window locations important factors Furniture What is the living room used for? Location (doors/windows) 2’ apart for movement 6’ apart max for conversation
LIVING ROOM DIMENSIONS Minimum room dimension: 11’ 1 or 2 bedroom home – 175 sq. ft. 3 bedroom home – 200 sq. ft. 4 bedroom home – 240 sq. ft.
LIVING ROOM DESIGNS: PLANS OPEN PLAN
LIVING ROOM DESIGN: PLANS CLOSED PLAN
DINING ROOM DESIGN Considerations Type of furniture needed (table, chairs, hutch, etc.) Located where? Exit to patio? 2’ minimum between back of chair wall/furniture 27” from center of chair to center of chair Provide a way for it to be separated from kitchen Lighting Storage Design for a family that may have guests Choose appropriately sized furniture (see above bullet)
KITCHEN DESIGN: THREE CENTERS Food storage center Refrigerator Cabinets for food Cooking center Range and oven Countertop space Storage for minor appliances Preparation and cleanup center Sink Dishwasher Garbage disposal Storage for cleaning supplies
KITCHEN DESIGN LAYOUTS STRAIGHT KITCHEN GALLEY KITCHEN L SHAPED U SHAPED PENINSULA ISLAND
KITCHEN DESIGN: WORK TRIANGLE Highlighted by red triangle Used to check efficiency of plan Total distance = range to refrigerator + refrigerator to sink + sink to range Minimum triangle – 12’ total Maximum triangle – 21’ total No leg of the triangle should be less than 4’ or greater than 9’ No traffic through work triangle
KITCHEN DESIGN: ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS Window by sink Dining area in kitchen At least 36” of continual countertop space At least 15’ of wall space for cabinets and appliances Cabinet doors open away from work area
KITCHEN DESIGN: CABINET SIZES Base Cabinets 34 ½” high x 24” deep x width in 3” increments, ie. 15”, 18”, 21”, etc. Wall Cabinets 12” or 13” deep x 12” to 30” high (in 3” increments), and 12” to 36” wide (in 3” increments) 18 inches between base and wall cabinets!
BATHROOM DESIGN Fixtures Lavoratories: sinks Water closet: toilet Tub or shower Types of bathrooms Half bath: lavoratory and water closet Not designed for bathing – usually in living area ¾ bath: lavoratory, water closet, shower stall Full bath: lavoratory, water closet, tub
BATHROOM APPLIANCES AND SIZE CLEARANCES
BEDROOM DESIGN MINIMUM SIZE REQUIREMENTS: Master Bedroom 1 or 2 bedroom house – 140 sq. ft 3 bedroom house – 120 sq. ft 4 or more bedroom house – 120 sq. ft Minimum room dimension – 9’4” Other Bedrooms 1 or 2 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. 3 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. 4 bedroom house – 110 sq. ft. Minimum room dimension – 8’0”
BEDROOM DESIGN:OTHER CRITERIA Bedroom design is directly related to furniture size and arrangement, ie. twin, full, queen, king size bed. If the bedroom if for a child, there is no need for a king size bed! Consider the rest of the furniture needed in the room Dresser, nightstand….what else? Closets should never be placed on an exterior wall Bedrooms should have a closet on a shared wall Bedrooms should have at least two windows Entrance should be somewhat private Again…bathroom in close proximity Proper closet space – see storagestorage
UTILITY ROOM The utility room is an all purpose room. It may contain the following: Hot water heater Washer/Dryer Furnace Heating and air conditioning ducts If the house doesn’t have a basement, a utility room is needed!
STORAGE SPACE Front Entrance (coat closet) 3’ by 2’ inside dimensions Kitchen 15’ of wall space for cabinets Pantry Bedrooms Recommended sizes 3’ of linear space x 24” deep – one person 6’ of linear space x 24” deep – two people Bathroom Linen closet Cabinet space Avoid long, skinny closets (front to back) – can’t reach back!
GARAGE Single Car Sizes –11’ x 19’ to 16’ x 25’ Two Car Sizes –20’ x 20’ to 25’ x 25’ Single Car Door Size –8’ or 9’ wide by 7’ or 8’ high Two Car Door Size –16’ wide by 7’ or 8’ high –Could use two single doors
HALLWAYS Width ranges from 3’ to 3’4” Confined to AT MOST 10% of total floor area Should be kept as short as possible Need to be absolutely necessary or are considered wasted space Should not lead to an exterior wall
STAIRWAYS Characteristics of good stairways Safety Economy of space Handrails Landings Adequate lighting Minimum width of 3’0” Make sure you DON’T position stairs so you’re coming right from a wall, or walking into a wall!!! Leave space to get off or on the steps!!
STAIRS: TERMINOLOGY Tread: horizontal portion of step Riser – the vertical part of the step Enclosed stairs – have walls on both sides Open stairs – have no walls on one or both sides Stringer – support for treads and risers Headroom – from tread of step to ceiling – minimum 6’6”
STAIRS: DIAGRAM Floor to Ceiling: 8’
DOORS Function Shield opening from elements Add decoration Emphasize overall design Provide light and ventilation Expand visibility
DOORS: INTERIOR Sizes 2’0” – 3’0” wide Standard increment width is 2” Typically 6’8” in height Should be at least 2’6” – 2’10” wide for furniture movement Many Types (on next slide) Placement Minimum interference with living area No conflicting swings with other doors Into structures/rooms open in Located in corners of rooms Hinged doors (closets) open outward
INTERIOR DOOR TYPES FLUSHPANELBIFOLDSLIDING POCKETDOUBLE ACTION ACCORDIONDUTCHFRENCH
DOORS: EXTERIOR Entrance/Exit doors Located for ease of movement Carrying groceries into house Taking out garbage Carrying laundry in and out of house Paths between house and garage/driveway/patio/rear yard At least 3’0” wide 6’8” in height
EXTERIOR DOOR TYPES Differences from interior doors Not hollow core Thicker May have glass panels for visibility Door types Flush Panel Swinging Sliding Garage (Overhead) doors Door with sidelights
WINDOWS Function Shield opening from elements Add decoration Emphasize overall design Provide light and ventilation Expand visibility
WINDOWS: PLACEMENT Living Room Walls not broken with too many small windows Consider view Dining Room Sliding doors to outside? Kitchen Used for ventilation Placed above sink Bathrooms Placed for maximum privacy Used for ventilation (though a fan is ok) Bedrooms Windows on two walls 1 st floor – wide, short windows for privacy