Presentation on theme: "Well Care Medical Presents: First Aid for"— Presentation transcript:
1Well Care Medical Presents: First Aid for Bee Stings, Spider and Snake Bites
2Presented by: Melinda Zavala-Marketing Director With Assistance: Jessica Martinez-Marketing Rep-LaredoJene Jones-Power -Marketing Rep Corpus Christi
3The danger of bee stings The two greatest risks from most insect stings areallergic reactioninfection
4What to do if you are stung: Bees leave behind a stinger attached to a venom sac.Wash the area carefully with soap and water.Apply a cold or ice pack, wrapped in cloth for a few minutes.Apply a paste of baking soda and water and leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes.Take acetaminophen for paindabbing on a tiny amount of household ammoniataking an over-the-counter antihistamine,
5When to seek medical attention : Person is stung in the mouth or nose as swelling may block airwayslarge areas of swellingabnormal breathingtightness in throat or chestdizzinesshivesfaintingnausea or vomitingpersistent pain or swelling
7First Aid Spider BitesThe danger of spider bites: Most spiders found in the United States are harmless, with the exception of:the black widowbrown recluse spiders
8What is a brown recluse spider? The brown recluse spider, or violin spider, is about 1 inch long and has a violin shaped mark on its upper back.It is often found in warm, dry climates and prefers to stay in undisturbed areas such as basements, closets, and attics.It is not an aggressive spider, but will attack if trapped or held against the skin.
10What are the symptoms of a brown recluse spider bite? burning, pain, itching, or redness at the site which is usually delayed and may develop within several hours or days of the bitea deep blue or purple area around the bite, surrounded by a whitish ring and large red outer ring similar to a "bulls eye"an ulcer or blister that turns blackheadache, body achesrashfevernausea or vomitingAlways consult a physician for a diagnosis!!!!!!!!!
11First Aid treatment may include: Wash the area well with soap and water.Apply a cold or ice pack wrapped in a cloth, or a cold, wet washcloth to the site.apply an antibiotic lotion or cream.Give acetaminophen for pain.Elevate the site if the bite occurred on an arm or leg (to help prevent swelling).Seek immediate emergency care for further treatment.
12First Day of Seeking Medical Treatment. Third Day of Spider Bite
21What is a black widow spider? A black widow spider is a small, shiny, black, button-shaped spider with a red hourglass mark on its abdomen, and prefers warm climates.Black widow spider bites release a toxin that can cause damage to the nervous system, thus emergency medical treatment is necessary
22Symptoms may include sweating immediate pain, burning, swelling, and redness at the sitecramping pain and musclerigidity in the stomach, chest, shoulders, and backHeadacheDizzinessrash and itchingrestlessness and anxietysweatingeyelid swellingnausea or vomitingsalivation, tearing of the eyesweakness, tremors, or paralysis, especially in the legsAlways consult your physician for a diagnosis
23Treatment for a black widow spider bite: Wash the area well with soap and water.Apply a cold or ice pack wrapped in a cloth, or a cold, wet washcloth to the site.To protect against infection, particularly in children, apply an antibiotic lotion or cream.Seek immediate emergency care for further treatmentSpecific treatment for a black widow spider bite will be determined by your physician.
24IMPORTANT!!!!!!NEVER PUT HEAT OR WARMTH ON A SPIDER BITE AS IT COULD INCREASE THE SPREAD OF THE VENOM AND REACTION TO THE BITE.
25Snake Bite StatisticsAbout 7,000 people are bitten by venomous snakes in the U.S. annually.Only 0.2% venomous snake bites result in deathOn average, 1 to 2 people in Texas die each year from venomous snake bites in Texas.Roughly half of all venomous snake bites are "dry." That is, the snake does not inject venom into the victim.
26What snakes cause poisonous bites? Any of the following snakes cause poisonous bites:RattlesnakeCopperheadCottonmouth Water MoccasinCoral Snake
31Symptoms of poisonous snake bites: bloody wound dischargefang marks in the skin and swelling at the site of the bitesevere localized paindiarrheaburningincreased thirstloss of muscle coordinationnausea and vomitingnumbness and tinglingrapid pulseconvulsionsfaintingdizzinessweaknessblurred visionexcessive sweatingfever
32How are snake bites treated? Call for emergency assistance immediatelyWhile waiting for emergency assistance:Wash the bite with soap and water.Immobilize the bitten area and keep it lower than the heart.Cover the area with a clean, compress or a moist dressing to minimize swelling and discomfort.Monitor vital signs.
33No access to medical care within 30 minutes: Apply a bandage, wrapped two to four inches above the bite, to help slow the venom. This should not cut off the flow of blood from a vein or artery - the band should be loose enough to slip a finger under it.A suction device can be placed over the bite to help draw venom out of the wound without making cuts. These devices are often included in commercial snake bite kits.
34What NOT to do for Snake Bite Victims Do not make cuts over the snake bite. This often leads to more tissue trauma and damage.Do not apply a tourniquet or other constricting device.Do not apply a cold pack or ice to the snake bite.Do not apply an electrical shock to the snake bite.Do not take pain reliever or other medications unless instructed to do so by a physician.Do not drink alcoholic beverages.Do not administer antivenom in the field. Treatment for snake bites is best conducted in an appropriate medical facility.
35How are snake bites treated? Most often, physicians use antivenin -- an antidote to snake venom -- to treat serious snake bites. Antivenin is derived from antibodies created in a horse's blood serum when the animal is injected with snake venom. Because antivenin is obtained from horses, snake bite victims sensitive to horse products must be carefully managed.