3 Fainting One of the most common sudden illnesses Definition-partial or complete loss of consciousness.Cause-temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain due to1. stressful event2.disturbing site3. getting up too quickly
4 Sign and symptoms Loss of consciousness Light headed/dizzy Pale/cool skinSweatingVomitingDistortion of vision
5 Care for fainting Try to catch the person Position person on their backElevate the leg 12 inches- to keep blood to vital organs.4. Loosen restrictive clothing5. Check for life-threatening conditions6. Do not give food or drink7. Do not slap person or pour water on them.
6 Diabetic EmergenciesDiabetes mellitus-a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or use insulin effectively.Insulin is a hormone that allows sugars to be passed into our cells for energy.A diabetic emergency-is an imbalance of insulin and sugar in the bloodstream.
7 2 types of diabetesType I (juvenile diabetes)-the body produces little or no insulin.2. Type II (adult onset diabetes)-body produces insulin but the cells do not use the insulin correctly or not enough insulin is produced.
8 Signs of a Diabetic Emergency Changes in levels of consciousnessIrregular breathingRapid pulseFeeling or looking illFruity breatheIrregular behavior- “out of it” or dazed
9 Treatment Check for life threatening conditions Give person sugar fluids or food ie. Candy, fruit juice or non diet soda.If victim doesn’t feel better within 5 minutes call 911Insulin shock (hypoglycemia)-too much insulin, low sugar levelDiabetic coma (hyperglycemia)-High blood sugar level, low insulin.
10 SeizuresIrregular loss of body control due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.Signs and Symptoms1. Aura-unusual sensation or feeling2. Uncontrollable tremors-grand mal seizure3. Blank stare-petit seizure4. Irregular breathing5. Eyes roll back
11 Treatment Protect the head/prevent further injury Do not restrain Move objects away from themCall 911 if first time or longer than 5 min.Do not try to put anything in the mouthPosition person on their sideSpeak calmly and reassure them
12 Febrile SeizureHappens to infants who are running a high fever quickly.Additional Treatment: Cool the body slowlyCall 911 for first time.
13 Stroke2 Kinds1.Disruption of the blood flow in the brain caused by a clot (thrombus or embolus)TIA-temporary disruption of blood flow2. Bleeding from a ruptured artery (aneurysm)
14 Signs and Symptoms F.A.S.T-Face, Arm, Speech, Time Numbness and tinglingParalysisDizzyVision problemsTreatmentCall 911 immediatelyMonitor life threatening conditionsPosition so fluids can drain from mouth is paralyzed.
15 Hypertension-high blood pressure You are 7 times more likely to have a stroke if you have high blood pressure.Things you can do:ExerciseDo not smokeEat healthyGet annual physical examinations
16 General guidelines for treating sudden illnesses Do no further harmMonitor ABCs and consciousnessHelp victim rest comfortablyKeep them from getting chilled or overheatedReassure victim**you need to know when 911 is needed and when it is not.*give specific care as needed.