Fainting One of the most common sudden illnesses Definition-partial or complete loss of consciousness. Cause-temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain due to 1. stressful event 2.disturbing site 3. getting up too quickly
Sign and symptoms Loss of consciousness Light headed/dizzy Pale/cool skin Sweating Vomiting Distortion of vision
Care for fainting 1.Try to catch the person 2.Position person on their back 3.Elevate the leg 12 inches- to keep blood to vital organs. 4. Loosen restrictive clothing 5. Check for life-threatening conditions 6. Do not give food or drink 7. Do not slap person or pour water on them.
Diabetic Emergencies Diabetes mellitus-a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or use insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone that allows sugars to be passed into our cells for energy. A diabetic emergency-is an imbalance of insulin and sugar in the bloodstream.
2 types of diabetes 1.Type I (juvenile diabetes)-the body produces little or no insulin. 2. Type II (adult onset diabetes)-body produces insulin but the cells do not use the insulin correctly or not enough insulin is produced.
Signs of a Diabetic Emergency Changes in levels of consciousness Irregular breathing Rapid pulse Feeling or looking ill Fruity breathe Irregular behavior- “out of it” or dazed
Treatment Check for life threatening conditions Give person sugar fluids or food ie. Candy, fruit juice or non diet soda. If victim doesn’t feel better within 5 minutes call 911 Insulin shock (hypoglycemia)-too much insulin, low sugar level Diabetic coma (hyperglycemia)- High blood sugar level, low insulin.
Seizures Irregular loss of body control due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Signs and Symptoms 1. Aura-unusual sensation or feeling 2. Uncontrollable tremors-grand mal seizure 3. Blank stare-petit seizure 4. Irregular breathing 5. Eyes roll back
Treatment Protect the head/prevent further injury Do not restrain Move objects away from them Call 911 if first time or longer than 5 min. Do not try to put anything in the mouth Position person on their side Speak calmly and reassure them
Febrile Seizure Happens to infants who are running a high fever quickly. Additional Treatment: Cool the body slowly Call 911 for first time.
Stroke 2 Kinds 1.Disruption of the blood flow in the brain caused by a clot (thrombus or embolus) TIA-temporary disruption of blood flow 2. Bleeding from a ruptured artery (aneurysm)
Signs and Symptoms F.A.S.T -Face, Arm, Speech, Time Numbness and tingling Paralysis Dizzy Vision problems Treatment Call 911 immediately Monitor life threatening conditions Position so fluids can drain from mouth is paralyzed.
Hypertension-high blood pressure You are 7 times more likely to have a stroke if you have high blood pressure. Things you can do: Exercise Do not smoke Eat healthy Get annual physical examinations
General guidelines for treating sudden illnesses Do no further harm Monitor ABCs and consciousness Help victim rest comfortably Keep them from getting chilled or overheated Reassure victim **you need to know when 911 is needed and when it is not. * give specific care as needed.