3Fainting One of the most common sudden illnesses Definition-partial or complete loss of consciousness.Cause-temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain due to1. stressful event2.disturbing site3. getting up too quickly
4Sign and symptoms Loss of consciousness Light headed/dizzy Pale/cool skinSweatingVomitingDistortion of vision
5Care for fainting Try to catch the person Position person on their backElevate the leg 12 inches- to keep blood to vital organs.4. Loosen restrictive clothing5. Check for life-threatening conditions6. Do not give food or drink7. Do not slap person or pour water on them.
6Diabetic EmergenciesDiabetes mellitus-a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or use insulin effectively.Insulin is a hormone that allows sugars to be passed into our cells for energy.A diabetic emergency-is an imbalance of insulin and sugar in the bloodstream.
72 types of diabetesType I (juvenile diabetes)-the body produces little or no insulin.2. Type II (adult onset diabetes)-body produces insulin but the cells do not use the insulin correctly or not enough insulin is produced.
8Signs of a Diabetic Emergency Changes in levels of consciousnessIrregular breathingRapid pulseFeeling or looking illFruity breatheIrregular behavior- “out of it” or dazed
9Treatment Check for life threatening conditions Give person sugar fluids or food ie. Candy, fruit juice or non diet soda.If victim doesn’t feel better within 5 minutes call 911Insulin shock (hypoglycemia)-too much insulin, low sugar levelDiabetic coma (hyperglycemia)-High blood sugar level, low insulin.
10SeizuresIrregular loss of body control due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.Signs and Symptoms1. Aura-unusual sensation or feeling2. Uncontrollable tremors-grand mal seizure3. Blank stare-petit seizure4. Irregular breathing5. Eyes roll back
11Treatment Protect the head/prevent further injury Do not restrain Move objects away from themCall 911 if first time or longer than 5 min.Do not try to put anything in the mouthPosition person on their sideSpeak calmly and reassure them
12Febrile SeizureHappens to infants who are running a high fever quickly.Additional Treatment: Cool the body slowlyCall 911 for first time.
13Stroke2 Kinds1.Disruption of the blood flow in the brain caused by a clot (thrombus or embolus)TIA-temporary disruption of blood flow2. Bleeding from a ruptured artery (aneurysm)
14Signs and Symptoms F.A.S.T-Face, Arm, Speech, Time Numbness and tinglingParalysisDizzyVision problemsTreatmentCall 911 immediatelyMonitor life threatening conditionsPosition so fluids can drain from mouth is paralyzed.
15Hypertension-high blood pressure You are 7 times more likely to have a stroke if you have high blood pressure.Things you can do:ExerciseDo not smokeEat healthyGet annual physical examinations
16General guidelines for treating sudden illnesses Do no further harmMonitor ABCs and consciousnessHelp victim rest comfortablyKeep them from getting chilled or overheatedReassure victim**you need to know when 911 is needed and when it is not.*give specific care as needed.